There are four type of rationality that has explained by Max Weber. The most dominant form of rationality that can be observed in this movie is substantive rationality. Substantive rationality orders action into patterns through clusters of values. It means that a substantive rationality view the expectation is that all elements will be compatible which is any value system that is compatible is substantively rational. But the content of the values is not necessarily defined.
INTRODUCTION The rationalist view states that the reasoning is the unique factor in humans. They say that we (humans) are thinkers capable of reasoning. The right way to live can be delivered through reasoning. Logic is used by rationalist as the standard principle of knowledge (testing claims of reality, truth, to make judgments and taking conclusions out of them). In order to perceive logic through the process of a rationalist it has to be fallacy proof and should be free from critical thinking.
The core of the rational choice theory can often be challenged amongst several courses of encounters, people typically do according to what they consider to result in the best inclusive outcome. A white collar crime is committed to make profits, they are not the acts of madmen or irrational people. They are rational acts that often require planning and careful
According to Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis the “modern design theory, the rational design problem is reduced to selecting among a set of given alternatives, each of which has a given set of consequences.” Taken with the game theory urged by Allison and Zelikow it should result in “optimal choices in narrowly constrained, neatly defined situations. In these situations, rationality refers to an essentially Hobbesian notion of consistent, value-maximizing reckoning or adaption within specified
This happens because we dislike losses more than we like an equivalent gain: Giving something up is more painful than the pleasure we derive from receiving it. Bounded Rationality: The importance of psychologically informed economics was later reflected in the concept of ‘bounded rationality’, a term associated with Herbert Simon’s work of the 1950s. According to this view, our minds must be understood relative to the environment in which they evolved. Decisions are not always optimal. There are restrictions to human information processing, due to limits in knowledge (or information) and computational capacities (Simon, 1982; Kahneman, 2003).
He explains the dynamics of decision-making on the plane of rationality. He defines rationality as ‘appropriateness for the accomplishment of specific goals’ (University of Mumbai,
On the surface, consequentialism may seem like a viable moral theory. After all, consequentialism provides equality for all, overall well being, and moral flexibility; however, at times, the moral flexibility part of consequentialism requires us to commit injustice which voids all the positives of the theory. Consequentialism can be both beneficial and ineffective depending on the
Choice theory puts forward that humans always have some capacity to make choices and exercise control in their lives, rather than seeing them as “shaped” by rewards and punishment (Suldo, 2011). Need Theory. Relative to what the Choice Theory claimed regarding how human beings think and act, Maslow’s Need Theory has also
Rationalism and empiricism are two methods that can be understood under the concept of epistemology, psychology and philosophy of psychology to understand where the source of knowledge comes from. “In psychology and its philosophy, empiricism and rationalism concern the sources of psychological states and capacities that may include, but are not confined to, state of knowledge (Longworth, 2009).” Rationalism states a priori knowledge, deduction and the concept of an active mind. According to rationalist, our minds have innate set of principles and skills. If we only use our logic in accordance with these principles is enough to obtain accurate information about all the objects that make up the universe. “Knowledge of a particular subject
Benefits or rational Decision Making: As stated above, rational decision making is based on scientifically obtained information, so this decision making model can reduce the chance of errors, uncertainties, assumptions, subjectivity and distortions. This approach can also reduce to risk of failures because the evaluation and selection process of this approach are based on sane and logic information and knowledge. Rational decision making can help the decision makers to deal with difficult problems in a complex environment. “It is a well-defined step-by-step approach that required defining problems, Identifying the weighing and decision criteria, listing out the various alternatives, deliberating the present and future consequences of each alternative, and rating each alternative on each criterion (Simon, Herbert, 1978)” Using this model, the issue will be addressedby breaking down into easy steps, and all aspects of the issue will be considered with possible solutions and then make the final