I think the arguments made by McBryer are invalid because I believe that there is nothing like objective morality. However, reasonable individuals can agree on what is moral or not. The main problem with the arguments made by McBryer is they fail to take into consideration the fact that reason counts for little when morality is inspired by religion. Morality based on religion usually diverts from what most people would consider moral. For example, how can one convince a devout Muslim that it is wrong to deny girls education?
When Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography was published in the eighteenth century, it reflected Franklin’s uncommon and advanced mindset during this time, considering that during this time humans were hanged for doubting the Revelation. In his Autobiography Franklin expresses skepticism towards religion and explains why he does not commit himself to one particular faith. However, Franklin respects the freedom of religion and highly promotes moral and virtues behavior. Franklin discusses his reflection on religion and the distinction between organized religions and beliefs that are not bound to religious systems. He stresses that organized religion and sects are more focused on following specific rules and practices, than concentrating on really
They sound so phony when they talk,” (Salinger 100). This shows how Holden is associating religion with phoniness. He doesn’t think that religion can be authentic, just related to faith. Holden wants that faith and connection, which he demonstrates by saying that he wants to pray, just a page before. However, the idea of an organized religion seems fake to Holden.
Appiah tries to persuade people that there are fundamental beliefs that we won’t agree on. The reason that Muslin should go to Mecca cannot be agreed by Muslims themselves. Also, “religious practices trike us not as morally indifferent but as actually wrong” (18). A rule book tells us how to deal with conflict, but people may disagree with it.
The relativistic worldview denies absolute truth, reducing truth to a mere subjective preference rather than objective reality. Opponents of Christianity whom maintain a relativistic worldview commonly express their objection: “Christianity might be your truth, but it isn’t my truth,” (or something similar). This worldview is self-refuting, and is not externally livable. First, it denies absolute truth, which is an absolute truth-claim, and is therefore self-refuting. Second, it is not externally livable, running contrary to legislative systems, equality of persons,
Chaucer is sending them a slap in the face with this example because he is showing that the world knows they are not as perfect and pious as they seem. Religion is a theme in many works of literature throughout the ages. In the Canterbury Tales, Chaucer is no different. In the Miller’s Tale, Chaucer uses the most unlikely character to reveal the hypocritical ways of the Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. He shows that they are all materialistic, using religion to trick people, and not honestly having the heart of a true believer.
Jake grew away from his faith because he was angry with God for his injury from the war and has a hard time accepting that God would let this happen to him. In this scene, Hemingway shows how religion is corrupt when one can be part of the faith and be associated with its morality even if they still do not exercise it currently. This theme is thus developed by the
Danforth is too concerned with his reputation to admit that his judgement, at first, was clouded. Many ask for his mercy towards the accused and he denies it to them to keep his reputation, “... Postponement now speaks floundering on my part...” (Miller 667). This shows that Danforth could have ended the hysteria in Salem by admitting that he does not believe that any of the accused are guilty and claiming the accused not
They say that his dignity would be lost. People think that he was judged because of his religion. This could lead to the fear of losing his dignity. This is untrue because it does not matter what the world around us thinks, it only matters what God thinks. People also assume that with the hard life Charles was already living, it would be to mentally draining to live with the criticism of unbelievers.