The goal of the experiment is to synthesize a bromohexane compound from 1-hexene and HBr(aq) under reflux conditions and use the silver nitrate and sodium iodide tests to determine if the product is a primary or secondary hydrocarbon. The heterogeneous reaction mixture contains 1-hexene, 48% HBr(aq), and tetrabutylammonium bromide and was heated to under reflux conditions. Heating under reflux means that the reaction mixture is heated at its boiling point so that the reaction can proceed at a faster rate. The attached reflux condenser allows volatile substances to return to the reaction flask so that no material is lost. Since alkenes are immiscible with concentrated HBr, tetrabutylammonium bromide is used as a phase-transfer catalyst.
One of the reactions you observed resulted in this product: NaCl + H2O + CO2 (g)? What well did this reaction occur in? Describe how the observations for this reaction support your answer. B BoldI ItalicsU Underline Bulleted list Numbered list Superscript Subscript70 Words A reaction I observed in number 1.) Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid.
TLC, NMR, and IR spectroscopy were used throughout the process to identify ferrocene and acetylferrocene in addition to evaluating the levels of purity. Evidence: The objective of our experiments was to prepare acetylferrocene from ferrocene. The overall reaction was carried out using 6.1 equivalents of liquid acetic anhydride to 1.8 equivalents of phosphoric acid and concluded with an aqueous workup with NaOH. The initial reaction mixture containing ferrocene, acetic anhydride, and phosphate acid was mixed on a hot stir plate. During this period, reflux was observed, and the mixture appeared dark brown in color.
In order to determine the value of X, the hydrate is heated on a burner to undergo decomposition reaction to be decomposed into CuSO4 and water vapor. Water vapor is evaporated during the reaction, leaving CuSO4 crystals, which is supposed to be white, in remain. By weighing the mass of CuSO4 and the mass difference of substance before and after the reaction, the mole of CuSO4 and H2O can be calculated. The value of X can thus be determined by calculating the mole ratio of CuSO4 and H2O. In the lab, through calculation, the value of X is determined to equal to 5.361211229, which is close to 5.
“This experiment illustrates some important chemical concepts, including: Water solubility dependence on the state of ionization of a compound, Stereospecificity of the SN2 reaction, Measurement of optical activity, Effect of diastereotopic protons in the 1 H NMR spectrum”. “The starting amino acid is highly soluble in the acidic solution of the reaction, the amphoteric nature of L-phenylalanine is apparent at the start of the reaction”. “The L-phenylalanine solution is cooled and then the aqueous NaNO2 solution is added with stirring”. “The reaction mixture begins to form tiny bubbles as the diazonium salt forms and nitrogen gas is liberated by the intramolecular reaction with the carboxylic acid”. “Reaction occurring as the Nitrogen bubbles form”.
The Effect of Alkaseltzer Tablets on the Boiling Point of Water Zackary Zambrano Chemistry Honors Mrs.Gregor Period-3 10/5/16 Introduction Statement of Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to see whether or not alkaseltzer tablets have an effect on the boiling point of 100 mL of water. The control is just water, the variable groups are 100 mL of water with one tablet, and 100 mL of water with two tablets. “What exactly is boiling? The technical definition is what occurs when the vapor pressure of a liquid is greater than or equal to the atmospheric pressure.”(Lopez,k) Simply put water, boils when enough energy is released to cause bubbles and then turn to vapor. When water begins to boil, the water will continue to boil at
The CO oxidation efficiency was confirmed as a function of the [Cu]/[Mn] ratio and the reaction time. The binary Cu-Mn oxides have a flexible metal valences (Cu1+/2+ and Mn3+/4+) which give increase to their specific properties and outstanding catalytic activities for CO oxidation. The enhanced catalytic performance can be explained by the improved lattice oxygen mobility, specific surface area, and pore volume into the Cu-Mn catalysts. The binary Cu-Mn mixed metal oxide has a good potential for practical applications to decrease CO in air
Therefore, water and ethylene terephthalate are formed. 2. Mechanism between dimethyl terephthalic and ethylene glycol In this reaction, heat use as catalyst. Figure 10: Mechanism between dimethyl terephthalate and ethylene glycol As we known heat is involved in this reaction. Figure 10 shows the reaction between dimethyl terephthalate and ethylene glycol.
Abstract In this experiment, the reaction kinetics of the hydrolysis of t-butyl chloride, (CH3)3CCl, was studied. The experiment was to determine the rate constant of the reaction, as well as the effects of solvent composition on the rate of reaction. A 50/50 V/V isopropanol/water solvent mixture was prepared and 1cm3 of (CH3)3CCl was added. At specific instances, aliquots of the reaction mixture were withdrawn and quenched with acetone. In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator.