Socrates and Voltaire shared several beliefs and ideas about philosophy and the pursuit of knowledge. Although they lived over 2000 years apart, had they been able to sit down and discuss ideas together they certainly would have agreed on many things. While we were given much more reading material on Socrates than Voltaire, I will attempt to share my interpretations of the material we were given. Socrates had a strong belief that virtue is what man should strive for in life, and should be held above all things, including life. By virtue Socrates was referring to righteousness, truth, knowledge and all things related to reason and logic.
Plato 's Life and Accomplishments Plato was a philosopher who was born in Greece somewhere around 428 BCE to a family of the political and social elite. Since Plato was somewhat associated with this group, he had the opportunity to study many different subjects from many different teachers until he famously became a disciple of Socrates. Socrates was executed a few years later in 399 BCE for corrupting the youth and failing to observe the gods. After his death, Plato faithfully continued and adapted his philosophical tradition but never forgot that his teacher died as a result of democratic vote. In 387 BCE, Plato founded the Academy where people would study a wide variety of subjects from a variety of instructors.
As we will see in this essay, the discussion of Book 1 reflects the idea that every definition given by each character involved in the discussion reflects his personality. A character analysis, in addition to the interaction of Socrates are discussed in this essay. What is justice? Why should we be just? These two questions were the main idea of the discussion between Socrates and his friends: Glaucon, Adeimantus, Polemarchus, Cephalus… Socrates asks the question of the definition of justice, each one of the interlocutors answers the question in his own way that, according to Socrates, reflects his own personality.
Protagoras was a critic, an instructor of sorts, and was held in high respects by the Greek Philosophers ' general public. Socrates needed to chat with Protagoras not just because of him being the most well-known mastermind in Greece at the time, additionally to discover what precisely he instructs after his companion, Hippocrates, who was setting himself up to go learn under Protagoras, neglects to answer him. In this exposition, I will give a scientific outline of the exchange amongst Socrates and Protagoras. Presently concerning why Socrates is keen on recognizing what Protagoras educates, I for one observe the motivation to be a blend of interest with a touch of envy. Realizing that Protagoras was proclaimed as the best mastermind of his exchange, Socrates needs to recognize what the mystery behind all that buildup is.
From an early age, we are taught what is right, what is wrong, how to act, and how to live by societies standards, whatever society one may belong to. Most people don’t question why things are the way they are and even if they do they still turn a blind eye to the truth and go on living the life they live. However, what if I were to say the life we live and are made to believe in, is just an illusion mankind created themselves? Reading Plato’s Allegory of the Cave caused me to pause and reflect on how much truth and knowledge we are actually lead to believe, even in today 's society. From our education system, religious and cultural beliefs, the workforce, and more.
He says in his trial that neither he nor a man he spoke to "appears to know anything great and good" but that the other man acted as though he knew something, when in reality he did not. In response to this, Socrates' says he "does not know anything, so [he does] not fancy [he does]. "6 His realization that his wisdom comes from his own admittance to not knowing the answers is central to his goal of helping other young men realize that they and the people around them do not know all the answers as they claim to. Socrates' method of teaching and questioning would sometimes leave men feeling demeaned, reducing them to tears because they did not know the answers to the questions they were being asked.7 His teaching method is reasonably named the "Socratic Method," and it utilizes questions and answers to guide pupils to see things using their own reasoning and thoughts.8 During his trial, Socrates engaged in using this method as an act of defending
“It’s clear to me that to die now and escape my troubles was a better thing for me” (Apology 41d). Socrates was a very wise man who gave deep and intellectual ideas regarding a human’s purpose in life and afterlife. He was arguing with the Men of Athens (the jury) because he was accused for disturbing the peace. Socrates was a mentor to Plato (who writes Phaedo, Symposium, Apology, and Republic about Socrates’ philosophical views) and was essential to the development of philosophy in classical Greece. Plato writes these books about Socrates’ life to dive deep into his thoughts, truth, and worldview.
Socrates was endlessly determined to question as many people as possible, and even more so determined in aiding the questionee to achieve non biased logic in their thinking, while showing that what the claim to know, they do not really. For example, when Socrates was questioning Euthyphro about how he concluded what’s pious and what’s not, he kept asking what Euthyphro meant meant by his responses: “So you did not answer my question, you surprising man” (Euthyphro 8a). In saying that Euthyphro didn’t answer his question, Socrates was essentially asking yet again for him to clarify
In the time, he was well known for his conversational and teaching skills but he never actually wrote anything so everything we know about his life comes from the texts of his students Aristophanes, Xenophon and the most famous one, Plato. It is impossible to know why Socrates never wrote anything, but some conclusions can be made from the texts his students wrote. Socrates lived in a time of oral tradition because paper and books were hard to find and afford and most of the teachings and business were done through speaking instead of writing. There is also an indication that he didn’t want to write anything or that his students wrote anything because he wanted them to create their own thoughts and knowledge out of his teachings, because writing and reading instead of
But he shows no improvement. Atlast with lots of clues, he answers. Thurbershares this point to show us about the condition of Ohio State University. It helps a dumb student only because he is a sports star but not Thurber, who is partially blind. FRUSTRATING GYMNASIUM For Thurber, gymnasium work was worse than botany and economics.