Reading And Reading Strategies

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Chapter II
Literature Overview
2. 0. Introduction
The present chapter focuses on the theories and related literature on reading strategies. The importance of understanding schema and its related theories of language learning is also discussed in this chapter. In the section that follows, we begin with the importance of reading skills.
2. 1. Reading
Reading is an activity with a purpose. Individuals read to gain information, to review given information, to enhance knowledge in a particular field or read for pleasure and enjoyment. The purpose of reading determines the appropriate approach to reading. Reading is an interactive process that goes on between the reader and the text. Readers should have cognitive skills and strategic competence
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In order to understand a text the reader must be able to comprehend the vocabulary used in the piece of writing. If the individual words don’t make the sense then the overall story will not either. The student can draw on their prior knowledge of vocabulary, but they also need to continually be taught new words. The best vocabulary instruction occurs at the point of need. Parents and teachers should pre-teach new words that a student will encounter in a text or aid her in understanding unfamiliar words as she comes upon them in the writing. In addition to being able to understand each distinct word in a text, the student also has to be able to put them together to develop an overall conception of what it is trying to say. This is text…show more content…
Beginning readers must master a set of phonemic awareness and phonics skills that allow for new words to be "unlocked’. Research has demonstrated that: student is more likely to have trouble reading in the later grades if they lack phonemic awareness (as early as in kindergarten) simple tests of a student's skill at working with phonemes could predict later reading problems and failure; and student's reading can be improved using simple techniques to show them how to identify the phonemes in words. Research has also demonstrated that phonemic awareness and phonics, while necessary to learn to read, are not sufficient, especially when we think about reading as a way to extract meaning from printed text. Good readers must also be able to apply these skills quickly, understand the words they read, and to relate what they read to their own lives and experiences. Much more than sounding out Even when a student can break spoken words into smaller units (called phonemes) and are able to blend sounds together to form words (phonics), there are at least three other skills that are important to master to be able to extract meaning from written
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