The person chooses its goals and objectives of reading and does it according to it. Education depends mainly on books, so if someone needs to study, he needs to know the skills for effective reading. It is an ability that requires learning, practice and exercise. Your reading skill will be very effective if you have a high understanding ability. Internet has changed and affected reading in general.
Understanding How to Help Your Child Read Why is it important for my child to read? The ability to read is vital. It paves the way to success in school, which can build self-confidence and motivate your child to set high expectations for life. People read for many reasons: for pleasure and interest for work to obtain information that will help them make choices and decisions to understand directions (such as those on street signs and in recipe books)to learn about the world to keep in touch with family and friends How will my child learn to read? Learning to read does not happen all at once.
Theoretical Background 2.1. Reading Motivation ‘Reading’ is one of the four main competences students should achieve throughout their personal school career. To make sure that one can improve his or her reading competence, it is important to evoke the student’s reading motivation. In the Oxford English Dictionary the term ‘motivation’ is defined as: b. orig. Psychol.
Why we read? We read because reading benefits our body, inspires us to be better people, and expands our capabilities to be imaginative, creative and empathetic. A negative stigma about reading has developed in the current century: that reading is a mere pastime, that it is a taxing chore [or labour], and simply a hobby for the elderly or people with time on their hands. But reading is much more than this. In recent years, research into the benefits of reading has shown us that reading helps to improve focus, concentration and memory.
Reading is obviously one of the most crucial skills and activities in any educational setting, especially in language classes. This importance is partially due to regarding reading not only as a great origin of information and an enjoyable activity, but also as a channel of reinforcing and boosting one’s knowledge of the language (Rivers, 1981). Reading comprehension skills, according to Sanders (2001), separate the "passive" and not skillful readers from the "active" ones. Skilled readers do not merely read; they have interactions with the text. Skilled readers, for instance, anticipate what is about to take place next in a story with the use of hints given in the text, devise questions about the main idea, message, or plot of the text,and monitor understanding of the sequence, context, or characters (Sanders, 2001).
Students who know more words and can also use them in the right context have a significant advantage in school and can continue using that skill to their advantage in college and career. Students can use of note taking to progress learning vocabulary. Note-taking is the practice of recording information captured from another source (Carter, John F.; Van Matre, Nicholas H. 1975).Vocabulary is one of five core components of reading instruction that are essential to successfully teach children how to read. These core components include phonemic awareness, phonics and word study, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension (Nation, 2001). The concept of a word can be defined in various ways, but three significant aspects need to be aware of and focus on are form, meaning, and use.
Emerging readers need to develop their oral language through listening and talking skills in social contexts. Oral language can assist with constructing meaning of written words. Oral language is connected to graphophonic cueing systems, which is the connection of sounds to letters on a page (Winch et al., 2018, p. 11). Students need to know the sound words make in order to read. Various strategies can be used in the classroom to work on student’s oral language development.
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This chapter presents an introduction of the research, which describes the background of the research, research question, hypothesis, aims of study, research method, clarification of terms, and organization of the paper. Background According to Gambrell, Block and Pressley (2002, p.3), “The most important thing about reading is comprehension.” Comprehension is related to understand the vocabulary and the connection between words and concepts, organize the ideas, reconstruct the message of the text, recognize the author’s purpose and make judgments which are getting by reading experience. Therefore, the process of understanding the message that the author is trying to convey is called by reading comprehension (Farris, Fuhler & Walther, 2004, p.321). Although there are many different reasons for people to read, the main goal are for getting some understanding of what the writer is trying to convey and using that information whether to gather the fact, acquire a new skill, or give pleasure (Marshall, 2012). Mastering reading comprehension is really crucial essential for junior high school students.
‘Reading’ is the general term which most people use it to name ‘Reading comprehension’ (Grabe, 2002). Reading comprehension will achieve through understanding the text and extracting the meaning from a written text, and the activity or the purpose for reading (Snow, 2002) .Each reader provides his own purpose of reading a text in comparison with another reader therefore people may have different purposes for reading, some read it for general understanding, some for detailed understanding, some for amount of information and some readers for integrating information (Grade and Stoller, 2002). The ability to read in a second language (L2) is one of the most crucial skills that should be progressed in academic settings. At the same time, it is one of the most difficult skills to develop to a high level of proficiency. Reading is a fundamental skill for L2 learners to master in academic contexts.
Reading skills include skills acquired through reading, such as comprehension, fluency and independence. Overall, these skills give students the ability to turn words on a page into a clear meaning. Maynor ( 2016 ) Swanson (2001) indicated that research shows that children learn about reading before they enter school. In fact, they learn in the best manner-through observation. Young children, for example, see people around them reading newspapers, books, maps, and signs.