Reading Comprehension: Theoretical Framework, And Reading Comprehension

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English language is one of the most important communication tools in the world. Learning English is a necessary subject for all contexts of English as a second or foreign language due to its popularity and importance all over the world. Nathan and Stanovich (1991) have mentioned that word acquisition and the recognition of words rapidly as a skill is a major correlate of reading. So students’ success with sight word recognition is a critical component in their achievement as lifelong readers. This chapter divided into two sessions: Theoretical framework and empirical framework. In theoretical framework the researcher will discuss about: The importance of reading, reading fluency, reading speed and reading comprehension,…show more content…
One of the first connections comes from a paper by Laberge & Samuels (1974), in which they claimed that when students read fluently, they use fewer of their consideration for decoding, so they have more attention for comprehension. Reading fluency is related to the reader's capability to develop control over surface-level text so that he or she can focus on understanding the deeper levels of meaning fixed in the text (Rasinski, 2004).Kuhn and Stahl (2003) Studies on fluency and comprehension have revealed, ''Generally, where an increase in fluency was found, there was also an increase in comprehension'' (p.…show more content…
The main question of this study was that whether reading strategies help student to read a text fluently and comprehend it accurately. Thus, some strategies such as predicting, making connection, imagining, concluding, and summarizing, were presented and trained to the 14 students as the participants of the study. The results of study has been demonstrated that the majority of students lacked knowledge of reading strategies at the beginning of their courses but after learning and practicing them they showed improvement. In other words, they got the better understanding of strategies and their comprehension in reading had developed after performing the treatment. Reading fluency revealed general reading competence and the capacity to read related text fluently is one of the essential necessities for effective reading comprehension (Fuchs, Fuchs, Hosp, & Jenkins, 2001; NICHD, 2000). Differences in reading fluency not only separate good readers from poor readers, but an absence of reading fluency is also a dependable predictor of reading comprehension problems (Stanovich,

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