Brian C. Schmidt’s (2002) chapter, “The History an Historiography of International Relations”, covers detailed aspects of the field of International Relations regarding its history and problems it has faced over its evolution. This essay will argue that Schmidt is able to effectively identify and address difficult issues posed in the International Relations field of work. This essay begins with a brief summary of Schmidt’s work and ideas. Next, the essay will discuss Schmidt’s views on the specific evolutionary issues of lack of coherency and identity behind the history of International Relations. Leading on from here, the essay will display Schmidt’s ideas on presentism and its impact on International Relations.
Abstract: The paper examined Post Structuralism within the context of International Relations, despite the fact that, post structuralism actually give a number of general and constructive puzzle which can be administer in other to approach the study of international politics in a different directions. The paper structured as follows; Introduction, which covered pre-amble and general insight of post structuralism, the emergence of post structuralism which highlighted the development and assertion of structuralism and post structuralism in international relations. The paper further analyses the consequences and prospect of post structuralism in international relations and scholarly argument from Walker R.B.J in one hand and Campbell David in
Political analysts attempt to provide an understanding of the workings of the modern state had necessitated the employment of certain philosophies, thoughts and theories in order to simplify and clarify their assumptions about the political system and how it works. Some of these analytical tools or methods include – the Systems theory, Group theory, Political Development theory, Power theory, Frustration Aggression theory and the Elites theory among others. Given these plethora of theories in the social sciences and bearing in mind that, no meaningful research can be undertaken in the absence of a sound theoretical base, this study adopts the Systems theory in order to explain the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the United
Broken into two sections, the book’s first is of a theoretical approach and the second analyses instances of political structures, treaties, and international relations that support his theoretical assertions’. Carr, as is evident early on in the book, is highly critical of the idealist approach in world politics, referring to it as utopianism, labelling those with “the inclination to ignore what was and what is in contemplation of what should be” as utopians. Carr’s disdain for Utopianism and advocacy for Realism is a common thread throughout the book as it’s believed Carr’s original motivation in writing it was to debunk the pretentions of Liberalism not to become a pivotal work in the establishment of IR as an academic discipline, however he achieved both. The strong views which Carr demonstrates with
t: In his article, "Cultural Studies and Cultural Text Analysis," Urpo Kovala discusses the role of textual analysis in cultural studies. He begins with a sketch of different conceptions of textual analysis within cultural studies by pointing to differences in the concepts of text and context themselves. Next, Kovala explores the reasons for including textual analysis as a category and method in cultural studies and in humanities and social sciences scholarship generally. Finally, Kovala sketches briefly a model for the cultural analysis of text where his main point is that the argument about the incompatibility of cultural studies and textual analysis is untenable today. Instead, what is needed now is a heterological, multi-level, and perspectival notion of both text and context.
We are the spark, that'll light the fire, that will restore the Republic” (Johnson 2017). The Resistance and Nussbaum’s work both make the argument that political emotion can be used to ensure the stability and unity of liberal societies, and should be encouraged through symbolism based upon the ‘overlapping consensus’ on liberal principles within the society (2013, 6-7). It is due to shared principles that the mere symbol of the Resistance is enough to invoke hope across the galaxy, even when the Resistance is not strong enough or in near enough proximity to invoke hope of a personal nature. This
More precisely, I will address and scrutinize his concepts of language-games and forms of life. Wittgenstein does not provide any precise definition of them, so it is quite problematic to name language-games and forms of life 'concepts'. Also, I will pay attention to the passages where Wittgenstein meditates over rules of language games and what does it mean to follow them. To gain a better understanding of Mouffe's critique of Habermasian views it is necessary to tackle the problem of a sufficient ground that is needed to be able to involve into language-games. To present Habermas's critique of Wittgenstein and subsequent elaboration of his own theories of communicative action and deliberative democracy I will use the extracts from his works On the Pragmatics of Social Interactions, Theory of Communicative Action and Further Reflections on the Public Sphere.
In my opinion, Stiglitz overlay critical of IMF and putting too much confidence on the government’s ability to get it right, which highlights important question of why market failures occur if the governments were itself capable of handling them. I believe that IMF should be clear in its objectives and policies and promote the agenda to improve institutions as well as promote competition and efficiency while implementing policies. This is because the main aim of every IMF program is to raise economic wellbeing of nations suffering form
There are multitudinous parameters that need to be taken into an account; and the varying natures of these key parameters involve the utilization of different methodologies. Moreover, the human sciences do not permit themselves easily to experimentation – there is an immanent deprivation of falsifiability and testability due to the un-replicable nature of human behaviour. Social scientists are mostly dependent on naturalistic observation – a comparative methodology in which scientists investigate the factors that systems hold, and through a process of comparison, ascertain which factors are causative. Irrefutably, confirmation bias may arise as a
Although criticism has a long history in general, translation criticism based on a framework is almost a new discipline that carries some objectives stated from different views. Based on Wodak (2001), the purpose of CDA is "analyzing opaque as well as transparent structural relationships of dominance, discrimination, power and control as manifested in language. In other words, CDA aims to investigate critically social inequality as it is expressed, signaled, constituted, legitimized and so on by language use (or in discourse)" (p. 2). Then, Fairclough and Wodak (1997) elsewhere pronounce the aim of CDA as making "the ideological loading of particular ways of using language and the relations of power which underlie them more visible" (p. 258). In addition to the above cases, according to Bloor and Bloor (2007) the aims of critical discourse analysis are as