Realists are attuned to the idea that the international system is anarchic and that serious threats emerge all the time, requiring states to secure resources for survival. This involves periodic use of force; security represents the unique and main goal of foreign policy. Idealism, on the other side values morality as the basis of all relations among nations. It rejects the separation between the mind and the soul in politics. Idealists see the role of power as an undesirable factor to be eliminated.
Social globalization describes an exchange of values, ideas and it has facilitated the promotion of equality, dignity and human rights. Finally, the major effect of globalization is produced in the world economy. The aim of globalization is the growth of the global economy by giving firms a superior competitive position with lower cost through free trade and by increasing the number of consumers, products and services. Some people said it helps developing nation-states to “catch up” the industrialized ones and it improves the overall standard of living. Nonetheless, there is a risk for smaller companies that cannot compete in an international market and world governments should promote international investments and try to eliminate barriers to trade even if it causes them some
Introduction:- States are critical actors because they have power, which is the ability not only to influence others but to control outcomes so as to produce results that would not have occurred naturally. That power helps the state to face any change occur in international system. As international system changes according to the circumstances which alter the international phenomena like economy, politics even literature. That leads to the shift in balance of power, which change a state’s behavior and attitude towards the other states. State behavior:- As state is the rule over a defined or "sovereign" territory.
In addition, he believes that “we just have to check that the act we have in mind will not use anyone as a mere means, and, if possible, that it will treat other persons as ends in themselves” (O’Neil, 2008, p. 113). This principle acts as a moral code implying that one should never treat a person merely as a means to an end. Overall, Kantian ethics focuses and recognizes the importance of the value of humanity. His categorical imperative ultimately leads to a “kingdom of ends,” in which norms that deny the value of humanity are not permitted. In my opinion, it would be difficult to disagree because most individuals value their own life.
However, the long-term dominance of one state attracts other competitors and weakens the stable international regime. The world’s unstable system seems to develop towards multiplicity. Modelski (1978) explained that the continuous growing superpower will lead to monopolistic competition, what system is a dangerous global system. The factor that is most likely to damage the global stability is the unbalanced development of the power among international partners. These growing differences of capability will result in the redistribution of
It argues that the lack of an authority higher than nation-states, causes states to act only in competitive and selfish ways, and that material power determines relations between states. John Mearsheimer supports this by saying, “States are potentially dangerous to each other. Although some states have more military might than others and are therefore more dangerous”(Mearsheimer, 70). Instead of keeping identities and interests in mind when determining relations between states, realists assert that anarchy will cause states to act solely in their best interest. Kenneth Waltz attempted to explain a structural realist perspective about anarchic structure.
This theory lays its focus on the interests of workers rather than the states. The theory of liberalism has, within itself a number of key actors. The starting point for Liberals is the individual. Putting that into the context of the global economy, liberal theorists have focused on the behaviour of individuals, states and firms. Liberals have argued, “Individuals in pursuit of self-interest will maximise benefit of economic exchange for society,” (O’Brien and Williams, 2013, p14).
This essay will build up on historical ideas drawing on the nationalism theory and using a realist view on the conceptualization of nation states. More the essay will also argue on the role in which nation states promotes economic globalisation through the relationship between the markets
CRITICAL REVIEW Name: Institution: Instructor: Course: Date: Globalization - Good or bad? Globalization refers to increased economic integration as a result of increased trade and investments which then leads to increased movement of people, goods, services, capital, and ideas across the world. The author of the article “Globalization - good or bad?” under review has highlighted the main reasons why globalization is a good thing that should be embraced by all nations. China and India have been cited as classical examples of how globalization can help transform the livelihoods of poor citizens and make them climb the social ladder into the middle class. In terms of International Trade, the author has described globalization as the
It is chaotic out there. Thus, a strong state is necessary in order to bring order. With this kind of scenario the relations among nations are defined by power. Whoever has the power, rules. Since anarchy is the structure or the situation that governs the act of the state, the use of power is not a matter of morality but rather of survival.