Realism In Mark Twain's The Diary Of Adam And Eve

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Gone are the overused expressions and ideologies of the Romantic period. America is a recently united country that realizes the depth and representation of issues that the pre-war literature era lacked. The quote by Henry James, “When history is so hard at work, fiction has little to say” is a complete reflection of the work of the Realism period. Real experiences became an important tool to describe issues uncovered by changes in society instead of fabricated and exaggerated tales. Leaving behind the overused themes of the Romantic period, authors from the 1860s to the early 1900s created a fresh style of writing to depict new changes in America after the Civil War. In Mark Twain’s short story, “The Diary of Adam and Eve”, he exhibits elements of American Realism such as anti-sentimentalism, social criticism, and depiction of ordinary American life as well as common gender stereotypes and issues. After a long reign of Romanticism and Transcendentalism in American literature and art, a very different style called Realism took its place. The previous literature styles had common themes of nature, spirituality, and imagination, which opposed Realist values. Resulting from the Civil War’s conclusion in 1865, a new nation arose, therefore, uncovering social issues that needed to be addressed (Smith 12). The war created a split between the North and South, but the result of the Union victory created unification that made America stronger than before. This resulted in its success

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