However, United States did not abandon its policy of isolationism but instead it was actively intervening in world affairs. The U.S involvement after World War II led to a new geopolitical era in Europe. There was decline of great powers and rise of superpowers namely United States and The Soviet Union (USSR).the rise of these two super powers lead to creation of a bipolar world. U.S and USSR became the two competitors in the world. They engaged into political and economic competition that led to cold war.
“The Middle East, which has been converted by Russia ,Would today be prized more than ever by international communism.” Thesis: While all Cold War presidents wanted to stop communism,they all had different ideas on how to accomplish that issue.President truman used economic aid. President Eisenhower focused on military aid.President Kennedy used military use. During the cold war was an period of time were the United states and the Soviet union did not agree on things, like communism. The policy of containment was when the United states tried different things and many strategies to stop the spread of communism (Ayers 819). Eisenhower was all for the military aid and he wanted to cooperate with other countries.
Let's start with the fact that NATO was originally created not only for the purpose of containing the Soviet Union, but also it was used as an instrument for cooperation with key European countries and also to prevent the resurgence of Nazism and to ensure the growth of the political integration of Europe. By joining the United States and Europe, NATO has conducted
Seeing as the Vietnamese were communists, in the eyes of the U.S., the Soviets had just gained an ally in the South-East Asia region. Vietnam saw the war as a fight for independence while the U.S. saw the war as a fight against the communist regime, aiming to instil its capitalist approach in order to alienate the Soviets from the rest of society. This is a perfect example of numerous things in the theory of Realism, namely: the balance of power, the idea that peace and stability are most likely to be maintained when military power is distributed to prevent a single superpower from controlling the world; the security dilemma, the tendency of states to view the defensive arming of adversaries as threatening, causing them to arm in response so that all states’ security declines; and national interest, the goals that states pursue to maximize what they perceive to be selfishly best for their country (WPTT, 2011, pp.32-33). The U.S. saw the Vietnamese becoming allies with the Soviets as a security dilemma, so in order to somewhat restore the balance of power, a war was declared on the Vietnamese, all to preserve its national interest. The U.S. declared war on Vietnam even though there was no real need for one, as the Vietnamese were much too busy fighting for their independence from the Chinese in an attempt to differentiate
Hence you see these victors are the office holders for the Security Council in the present day united nations. A lot of political philosophers agree to the fact that justice is achieved through going to war. Although there is no proper evidence to this according to history (example). Pacifist believe that war is not just unjust but also it is inevitably wrong hence his opponent argues that even though war is unjust it is means towards achieving peace and can help the society escape more injustice. So there is a big difference between considering war as the last resort and believing in war being a just measure to stop
Introduction Liberalism and Communism are two big conflicting ideologies. The spread of these ideologies even caused the Cold War in 1947-1991. The war is called Cold War because the war was not a physical war like World War I and II, but the war was done by spreading both ideologies to other countries. Liberalist countries were led by America, which was also called the West Block, and the followers’ countries were Western Europe and Japan. As for communism, it was held by the Eastern Block, the Soviet Union, and the followers’ were some countries in Eastern Europe, China, North Korea, and North Vietnam.
The aid program that developed through this ‘was portrayed as part of the global struggle between democracy and dictatorship (Kissinger, 1994, 117).’ The Truman Doctrine was symbolic as it marked the feeling the Soviets as the menacing opposition, and insisted that the US ‘would act only in cases where her vital interests were at stake (Drockrill, 1988, 41).’ As a foreign policy decision, it is not directly clear how the United States would benefit from spending $400 million to aid Greece and Turkey, apart from containing the further spread of Communism. Gaddis, a Cold War revisionist, discusses the economic foreign policy decisions by arguing that America’s actions ‘approximated the Leninist model of imperialism (2007, 172),’ and that is using aggressive means in order to push its capitalist
Scholars writing on CPE during the remainder of the Cold War were preoccupied with debating the usefulness of “a civilian power in a rather uncivilian world” (Pijpers 1998, 162). Militarizing the EU became more contested in the post-Cold War era. For Jan Zielonka, CP is a way for “the Union to acquire a distinct profile – so important in terms of identity and legitimacy” (1998, 229). In the same light, Karen E. Smith writes that “enhancing the EU’s military resources carries a price: it sends a signal that military force is still useful and necessary, and that it should be used to further the EU’s interests” (2000, 28). Robert Keohane summarizes the argument against militarization
This was because they had quickly realized that the Soviets had separated themselves from them to spread communism. However, this all changed when both sides had to build a defense system around themselves by creating alliances. It was a way of proving that they were strong and if they were ever messed with they could easily destroy the other. On the United States side were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also known as NATO. This treaty was created on April 4, 1949 and declared that if any of its members states were in danger, then all of the other member states must contribute to protecting that country.
Ronald Reagan was an influential leader due to his actions in the Cold War, his stance on international peace, and his impact on the US economy. Between 1981 and 1989, Ronald Reagan was a major force in creating a peaceful end to the Cold War. The military spending policies of the Reagan-Bush years forced the Soviets to the brink of economic collapse (Jim Woods). This was beneficial to ending the Cold War because the Soviets could not afford to move resources, Nuclear Missiles, into firing positions. In particular, President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative intimidated the Soviet leaders and