When looking at novels in general it seems that are created from incident. Novels naturally can tell an extended story that involves lots of character development and illustration of the environment of the story. And this is because novels are used to create an idea in the audiences’ mind. Novels are written to make the reader think. By dissecting the creative nature of Bleak House, the reader can see that it was written to have people see and understand the societal nature of the times.
Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli- used syntax and interpretation that varied, which served to characterize their stances on human nature. These contrasting ideals of human nature, can be supported or dismissed by Charles Murray 's interpretation of the New Upper Class and the New Lower Class in America. Murray’s novel Coming Apart, redefines the American social classes and establishes the New Upper Class and the New Lower Class. In analyzing the evolutionary shift in the demographics of social classes in the United States- he addresses not only the shift in american ideals but also the impact caused by it. Topics like equality, liberty, and law of nature are analyzed by both Locke and Rousseau.
Ivan Turgenev’s technique of literary impressionism in his portrayal of the characters in Fathers and Sons Literary impressionism, when defined as a tool in literature, refers to a narrative style that is intentionally equivocal, placing more responsibility on the reader to draw his or her own conclusions about events within the novel, rather than relying on the narrator. As Robert Delaunay stated “Impressionism; it is the birth of Light in painting”, the element of impressionism in Turgenev’s work ‘Fathers and sons’ compels the readers to take a more holistic approach towards the novel, serving them the larger upscale picture of Russia of mid-19th century. In impressionistic literature there is often a proclivity towards exploring the “emotional landscape” and this is the element through which light is born in Turgenev’s paintings. There is more concern on the way the setting evokes emotional responses from both, characters and readers, a quality quite eminent in Turgenev’s ‘Fathers and Sons’. There is a prominent usage of literary impressionism in this work, preeminently in the area of portraying the behaviors and characteristics of various characters.
Reality and realism, as I have explained in my introduction are words defining each other and its representation. When we use realism in a piece of work through different techniques of writing, we are projecting a mode of reality to the readers. Realism can be a part of fiction as well as non-fiction. Projecting reality as per se, in a piece of work involves imagination and fantasy. Literature cannot prevail without imagination.
Autonomy and individualism are given preference by the transcendentalists. Disappointment, discontent and distress affected the writers of Realism after the industrial revolution in America. Modernism can be considered as a branch of realism in American literature which has motivated the writers to go ahead with a new and novel style. This movement was initiated with the hope to change the mind-set of the
This research paper explores Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment using Socio-Psychological approach. The research highlights Dostoyevsky’s heavy reliance on the use of psychological realism, a literary genre that emphasizes on the interior characterization, as well as the motives of the one, circumstances and internal action which is derivative from and creates external action. Such works can also be called as a work of “inner man”. This paper shows the process of intricate play between psychology, literature and sociology. The research concludes that “Crime and Punishment” is a mixture of four genres of novels that are: psychological novel, the novel of character, the novel of detection and the philosophical novel.
ABSTRACT This article focuses how Amitav Ghosh uses history against fiction and how he represents reality against fiction. In the nineteenth century, literature and history were considered branches of the same tree of learning, a tree which sought to interpret experience for the purpose of guiding and elevating man. Then came the separation that resulted in the distinct disciplines of literary and historical studies today, despite the fact that the realist novel shared many similar beliefs about the possibility of writing factually about observable reality. Fiction about history is called historiographic metafiction. This article eplains how Amitav Ghosh uses history with in fiction in the novel The Hungry Tide.
Austen, on the other hand, was an other from the romantic period. The power of these works of literature to shape their culture and catapult change in social values is both inspiring and necessary. Literature has the ability to change the world, and when looking at how the thematic elements of the past impacted their future, people can understand the importance of the written word and the arts as a whole. Society craves change and by creating works that question current systems of thought the change desired can be more effectively implemented into any given culture. Fiction British literature of the 1800s is an example of the power in literature and evidence that social change can be enacted through creative
Is there something more behind it? These and more questions will be discussed in this paper as I will try to present a clear view of what realism truly is in the Victorian Age. For this purpose, I will mainly analyse two of the most representative novels which interpret realism and define its nature, as both a cultural movement and a literary mode, being them Elizabeth Gaskell’s Mary Barton and Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations. In this first point of contact I would like to draw a broad definition for what realism stands for, and, in doing so, I will appeal to Katherine Kearns, who asserts that “realism is an essentially pragmatic mode whose predication of character as something enacted, partially but inevitably, within environmental restrictions is design to reveal an imperilled ecological system of soul and society”. What she means by that is that realism functions as an individual morality within the society considered as a construct with its own laws and rules; that is to say, realism fulfil the task of didactic moral guide in order to produce a reformation of the self and the communal life.
“Positivism is a set of philosophical approaches that seeks to apply scientific principles and methods, drawn from the natural and hard sciences, to social phenomena in order to explain them” (Kitchin, 2006, p.20). In this essay I will discuss positivism, its advantages and its limitations. I will also give framework on what positivism really is and how the positivist approach is completely different in human geography than in physical geography. Positivism is a complicated philosophy and to be able to understand it, you must first look at the history of the philosophy. I will then look at how geographers form a hypothesis and how this hypothesis is made into a theory.