Realism Vs Liberalism

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Whilst realism and liberalism provides some concrete peace proposals in the global theory of relations, both of them are not devoid of the lines of fault which actually exhibit few of the problems that lies within their peace arguments. Taking the theory of liberal democratic peace, which has been regarded as “almost as an empirical law in global relations”, which has its pitfalls where it fails to address the states democracy, and their perceptions towards nations who are non-democratic (Downs & Mesquita, 2004). The pre-occupation of liberalism view with an agenda that is normative like universal appeal and human rights has provided liberals to disregard their countries’ sovereignty where governments that are non-democratic prevails. Liberals…show more content…
Realists have also portrayed their own thesis in relation to the theory of democratic peace and explained that this theory’s assumptions like their peaceful predisposition, democracies, decentralized power distribution should affirm when faced with interest conflicts with states that are non-liberal (Jervis, 2002). However, a monadic view, where the liberal nations should peacefully act with other liberal nations, theory of democratic peace assumptions have been seen as hollow, aiding the view of neo-realists security competition in the context of global relations anarchic arena. Few realists like Jervis (2002) have attributed the peace of democracy between democratic countries because of the blanket of security provided by U.S.A, since the end of the World War II.…show more content…
In reality, United States did take up the shape of a liberal hegemon and utilized its soft power to spread the ideas of liberalisms across the globe. However, Nye (2004) had argued that despite of doing this, this had negative impact on the global stability as instead of fostering peace, it brought conflict, war and violence. In the aftermath of 9/11, American was under attack from Al-Qaeda, the worldly hegemon transformed into an imperial one and adopted an aggressive approach towards those who did not conform to the liberal view of the world. This failed policy lead to the wars in Iraq, Iran and North Korea who America termed as the axis of evil. Iraq was invaded by America in 2004 because of the security threat, North Korea declared itself as a Nuclear power, whereas suspicions arise that Iran is also trying to reach nuclear capability as well. However, how persuasive the arguments of realism might appear to be, the role of U.S as a worldly hegemon and the potential effect of the U.S withdrawing from its duties in global institutions as a benign hegemon is seen by Kegley & Blanton (2012). They attributed the great depression which ended in the inter-war era to the U.S.A’s failures to lead a more active role in the globe
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