But the study also makes it clear that to guarantee kids’ healthy development, both parents should develop an authoritative style at home, communicate, and build a good relationship with their own children, especially in an eastern country with collective society like India, where they emphasize family integrity and unity. In the same context study supporting the authoritative parental style a study was conducted in Sweden regarding adolescent achievement strategies and parental style. The study revealed that because authoritative parents encourage their young child to be independent, responsible and aware, this child when become adolescent, he will be able to choose and
Passive parents do not raise good kids. Parents need to be involved and provide their children with the opportunities they need to learn, make mistakes and grow into confident and successful adults. Is Authoritative Parenting the best style for all cultures, give reasons that go beyond opinion? In some parts of the world children are still taught to be seen no heard. This does not help them grow social skill or gain self-confidence.
Baurmind (1991) highlighted that authoritarian parents tend to be demanding and directive but are not responsive enough to their children’s needs. They tend to exercise authority and control by demanding unquestioning obedience. They often fail to explain the reasoning for the rules. Thus, children might feel detached as the parents express little warmth, discourage verbal give-and-take and demand adherence to high standards. Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences.
For authoritative, parents are usually responsive and the parents and their adolescents mutual trust and understanding and the adolescents’ personality is often more extraverted, conscientious and emotionally stable. For authoritarian, parents are often
Research also shows that authoritarian style parenting differs greatly from that of permissive and authoritative styles. There is a pattern emerging in the research that suggests authoritarian style parents have high expectations of their children and have very strict rules that they expect to be followed unconditionally. They express very little warmth or nurturing towards the child and may have a dysfunctional relationship as the child reaches adolescent years. The parents tend to be driven by obedience and status and expect their orders to be obeyed without question. The children of authoritarian parents tend to be controlled through shaming, the withdrawal of love, or other punishments and reasons for rules are not usually explained (Baumrind 1966).
Rules and following them are the most important things to an authoritarian parent. In this style parents raise their child to follow every instruction they give them and to obey every rule imposed. Failure to obey and follow these results in punishments. Authoritarian parents fail to explain the reasoning behind rules and when kids ask questions instead of explaining and actually answering the question they normally respond with “because i say so”, meaning they are not responsive to their children, even though they have high demands for them. Kids raised with this parenting style normally fear their parents and consequently are dishonest with them when they do something wrong.
This different parenting style has outcomes different type of children behaviors. Parents who have the role as authoritarian parenting style are establishing the rules and expect that children will follow them without exception. Children who are developing in this type of family may become hostile or aggressive because having too much anger with parents and involve in violent behavior to show their anger towards others. Secondly the parents who are playing role as Authoritative, also have rules that children are expected to follow, however, they allow some exceptions to the rule. Mostly the Children raised with authoritative discipline tend to be happy and successful and not having any kind of violence in their behavior.
These children score higher on a variety of measures of competence, social development, self-perceptions, and mental health compared to those in authoritarian, permissive, or neglectful homes (Klein & Ballentine, 2001). Authoritative parenting has been found to have a significant impact on adolescent school performance and engagement in high school (Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbusch, & Darling, 1992). In addition, the authoritative parenting style also positively predicted emotion regulation among adolescents (Jabeen, Anis-ul-Haque, & Riaz, 2013). With warmth and responsiveness a feature of the authoritative parenting style, children are provided with a sense of security, and the experience of negative affect becomes less threatening to them (Davies & Cummings,
Parents may be successful in guiding their children, it all depends on how they treat and raise them. As a child gains consciousness of his or her surroundings, the child looks up to the parents as role models in dealing with problems in life. In Sociology, children tend to mimic their parents which is known as the imitation stage in George Herbert Mead’s Stages of Self-Development. As cited by John B. Watson (1928) that in some cases of parental guidance, there are negative effects that arise as the child grows up like being spoiled which is caused by giving them everything they ask for even at a young age. Another is that when their parents restrict their freedom, making them feel immobile and suffocated, they tend to break the rules or hide certain things from their parents leading to parent and child gap.