c. What factors might contribute to each? (3 pts) • Factors that contribute to attitude are beliefs about the behavior and the evaluation of the behavior. When you base your opinion on your attitude you think about if you have a negative or positive connotation about the outcome. Or what qualities will you gain for performing the behavior. • Factors that contribute to subjective norm are normative beliefs and the motivation to comply.
Beneficence in nursing is used to benefit patients by preventing harmful situations or improving quality of patient care by advocating for them when they cannot. For this particular discrepancy those choosing exemption puts others in the community as well as hospitalized patients at risk. For us this ethical principle is better addressed if nurses advocate vaccination rather than dismiss it. Fidelity can be described as being truthful, fair, and loyal and advocate for our patients (American Nurses Association). The best way this principle is relatable to the topic is by educating our patients and the community about vaccinations.
From newborn babies to those at end of life, the environmental theory of Florence Nightingale can benefit all populations. A specific population to apply the Florence Nightingale theory to is patients at end of life and hospice care. A patient and family choosing hospice care are in need of a holistic care plan. The goal of hospice care is to reduce symptoms, prevent hospitalizations and maintain quality of life until the end. Psychosocially a patient and family need time to understand and accept the diagnosis.
This model incorporated the environmental aspect to aid in the transition of change. It takes into consideration “influence of individual, interpersonal, organizational, community and public policy shaped by the social policy” (Glanz). The concept behind the social ecological model is to create an environment that is inductive to change that will result in health behaviors A normal response to loosing a love one and adjusting to living alone is to become a recluse, which is not a health response to the change. By getting the family and by extension Lillian involved in community activity will be a big help as the family transit though this change. Another intervention that has proved effective is talk therapy.
The TPB is refers to an individual’s perception of the presence or absence of requisite resources or opportunities necessary for performing a specific behavior (Ajzen @ Madden, 1986). This theory also was intended to explain all behaviors over the people that have ability to exert self-control. As in TRA, it includes behavioural attitudes, subjective norms, intention to use and actual use but in TPB the functional is more to application this theory. This theory interprets behavioural control as a perceived construct. Perceived behavioural control mediates the effects of control belief and perceived facilitation.
issues because of ideological reasons or because methodological problems are considered difficult to surmount. (D. 1) Four Component Model Rest (1986) proposed a four-component model for individual ethical decision-making and behaviour, whereby a moral agent must (a) recognise the moral issue, (b) make a moral judgement, (c) resolve to place moral concerns ahead of other concerns (establish moral intent), and (d) act on the moral concerns. He argued that processes in all the stages are different and success in one stage is different from other stage. Much of the empirical research conducted in the context of this model has involved either Component 2, called moral development by Kolberg (1976) and Rest (1979, 1986), or the relationship between
Most of the people in the rural areas are not able enough to use water filters or buy mineral water bottles. To overcome this problem many efforts have been done due to which cleaning water may become an affordable commodity. The best way is to provide
Hence, attitudes that are stable, certain, consistent, accessible and are based on direct personal experience are a better predictor of behavior (Fiske, 2014). Also, the relationship between attitudes and behavior have been a controversial topic in the field of social psychology with some research findings suggesting that attitudes are a strong predictor of our behavior (Andrich & Styles, 1998). Consequently, social psychology theorists argued against this view, suggesting that attitudes barely predict behavior (wicker, 1969 as cited in Andrich & Styles, 1998). Hence, it was established that minimizing other environmental influences will lead to a predictable
Behaviorists attest that the primary works on meriting study are those that can be particularly viewed; in this way, it is exercises, rather than thoughts or sentiments, which are the certifiable challenge of study. Behaviorist speculation does not clear up unpredictable direct similar to the brain or its internal workings. Or, then again perhaps, it puts that all direct is discovered inclinations, and attempts to speak to how these penchants are surrounded. In expecting that human direct is discovered, behaviorists also hold that all practices can in like manner be unlearned, and supplanted by new practices; that is, the time when a lead winds up obviously unsatisfactory, it can be supplanted by a commendable one. A key part to this theory of learning is the repaid response.
Rationalism and empiricism are two methods that can be understood under the concept of epistemology, psychology and philosophy of psychology to understand where the source of knowledge comes from. “In psychology and its philosophy, empiricism and rationalism concern the sources of psychological states and capacities that may include, but are not confined to, state of knowledge (Longworth, 2009).” Rationalism states a priori knowledge, deduction and the concept of an active mind. According to rationalist, our minds have innate set of principles and skills. If we only use our logic in accordance with these principles is enough to obtain accurate information about all the objects that make up the universe. “Knowledge of a particular subject