Strategic motivation also played an essential role in the scramble. Britain, France and Germany rivaled one another for their political and economic interests in Africa. For example, the colonization of sub-Saharan Africa remained part of British colonial endeavor in Egypt. With the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Britain started dominating the vital trade route in the region by risking a military confrontation with France in 1882 and eventually signed a treaty with France,
The fertile field provided by the Nile was extremely crucial to the Egyptians agrarian lifestyles. In fact, they worshiped the Nile river and their idea of the afterlife paradise was called the field of reeds which was also supported by the Nile(Doc D). Not only did the Nile river provide crops for the Egyptians but it also provided a drinking source and fed the other animals they used as laborers and to eat. These essential needs for living would not have come as easily as it did without the support of the Nile. The natural flooding cycle of the Nile river was categorized into three seasons: Akhet, Peret, and Shemu.
The Sorko not only dominated the river regarding trade but also, regarding military power. Sonni Ali (Songhai’s first imperial king ) and his forces conquered Timbuktu in 1468 then making Songhai power in the region. "Songhai and to achieve control of the Trans-Saharan trade routes. As was the case with some earlier Malian leaders, Sonni Ali valued original forms of religious practice beside Islam" (Empires of medieval West Africa). Songhai thrived for many years till it fell into unstableness because of unsuccessful emperors.
Furthermore, the nomadic people in those two regions caused lots of rebellions. First, the civilization and agriculture in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were mainly spreading from the Nile River and the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, those rivers bred the agriculture and supported human’s everyday lives on both two regions. There are several evidences support this point. “The Mesopotamian civilizations steadily expanded from their roots in the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers throughout their centuries of existence.” ( Stearns, Adas, Schwartz and Gilbert, World Civilizations:The Global Experience, Combined Volume, 34) This evidence shows that the geographic impact influenced a lot on Mesopotamia’s agriculture and its civilization. Meanwhile, the geographic location of Nile River also had a great impact on Ancient Egypt.
Right above the python there was the bird with its wings out-stretched. For its great archeological civilization, Benin was regarded as important as the capital cities of the most prominent countries in Europe. All of this wealth of Benin is dependable on the trade with the Europeans. Because of their ships that travel overseas, the Europeans were able to provide goods from all over the world. This was regarded as completely valuable by the
In this period the slave trade and its capital turnover made a substantial contribution to the economic development of the British Empire. Despite the positive contribution of the slave trade, some historians had skeptical views about the benefits of the slave trade. This essay will discuss motives and reasons of why British settlers needing the slave labour in the period of growing British
Britain wanted to dominate not only the trade routes but also the important resources available in these countries and in demand in Europe. The largest obstacle in their path was Lake Victoria. Britain determined the best solution was to construct a railway line through Kenya to gain access to Lake Victoria. Construction started in Mombasa in 1896 and reached Kisumu (then called-Port Florence) on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria in 1901. The second stretch of the railway into Kampala, Uganda started in 1901 and was completed in
Under British rule, India had the largest rail network in Asia, which allowed for new economic activities like textile and steel manufacturing (Murphey, 287). As Dr. Wang stated in the week 4 lecture, the European industries had a high demand for Chinese resources, which led to opium trade in China; this harmed the health, economy, and image of China. In the subsequent Opium War, a small British force destroyed the Chinese navy (Murphey, 304). The resulting Treaty of Nanjing was a significant loss to China, and a major success for British imperialism. As Dr. Wang stated in lecture, the treaty transferred control of Hong Kong to Britain, modified the trading system, and prevented China from making allies.
Many of the Europeans who emigrated enjoyed being superior because they believed they were doing the right thing (Document K). With the increase of technology and development during the industrial revolution, the Europeans believed it was their duty to “assist” the Africans. In the poem, “The White Man’s Burden,” by Rudyard Kipling he writes, “Take up the White Man's burden; Send forth the best ye breed; Go bind your sons to exile; To serve your captives' need.” (Document P). This poem is proof that racism was a major selling point of African imperialism and is another example of paternalism, the idea that what they were doing was for the best of the Africans. Paul Leroy Beaulieu wrote, “It is not natural for the civilized people of the west to gather the marvels of science, art, and civilization and not share the opportunities with the savages in need.
Additionally, in order to boost Belgium's economy, the Belgium, King Leopold, sold rubber in the African congo and made profit (Hochschild). An example of this is, rubber was used in clothing, tires, boots and raincoats which caused the industrial world to rapidly thrive because these products were being sold. Eventually “between 1890 and 1904, (the) total Congo rubber earning increased ninety-six times over” (Hochschild). This is significant because as the price of the products inclined, Belgium's economy flourished. On the contrary, the most significant cause of European imperialism in China was the desire to trade for natural resources.