During the 1800’s there was a race to claim the abundant resources in Africa and to force imperialism in the colonies. Before these European countries used the west coast of Africa for gold, slaves, and ivory they did not travel into the inside of Africa due to malaria and other tropical diseases until the 1800’s. So what exactly was the reason for European imperialism in Africa? The biggest reasons for imperialism in Africa are the vast and abundant resources available, nationalism, and the industrial revolution. National pride caused the need to expand their countries and become better than the other European countries.
France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa. Founded in document D African colonies and their exports. Economic factors were more of a driving force behind imperialism since the imperialists were in search of natural resources for improving technology and their national pride. The Europeans went to Africa because of their many resources and their quantities of gold, fur, and yarn all superior resources for the Europeans. Africa had dealt with European
Some of the things that caused the Scramble for Africa were, end of the slave trade, capitalism, and medical reasons. Economically this occurred because Africa is rich in resources such as gold, diamond, and other minerals. So basically what this “Scramble for Africa” was the competition between European powers for colonies in Africa. The availability of raw materials and labor meant that most of Africa was invaded and divided up. The Berlin Conference of 1884 regulated European colonization
Pride was one of the leading factors of Imperialism in Africa; Europeans wanted to express their power by taking over different African colonies. Germany, like the other big European colonies, focused on that power as a whole. “Should the New German Reich wish to prove and maintain it’s… position of power… It will have to take up the same culture-mission and delay
This later on had to do with the controlling portions of Africa. “In the late 1800’s tension had arisen during the battle for Africa, when the other countries such as France, Germany, and Britain had secured the remaining of the continent.” During this time imperialism was also a part of nationalism course. Imperialism Started many wars and was the cause of the of numerous different wars, such as France and
Other nations like Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, and Portugal fought for power (Iweriebor). Pride in one 's country, or nationalism, was extremely important in Europe during the time, and European countries would do almost anything to be the strongest country. Colonizing Africa gave European countries power and superiority over other
British vs. African Perspective on Imperialism Imperialism is the building of an empire through the expansion of power by diplomatic means and/or military force. The Europeans were searching for colonies in Africa during this time period and used their three motives for imperializing to accomplish this. The first reason imperialized natural resources. In doing this, the owner of the colony would gain resources such as diamonds, tin, gold, copper, and plants. Owning these resources would increase the wealth of the colony.
In the 1800s, Europe finally made an attempt to explore Africa 's interior after being frightened by its foreign geographics and diseases. By 1880, Europe fully dictated Africa. Economics and competition were the driving forces behind Imperialism. Both of these components came from the Industrial Revolution; causing Europe’s desire to expand and its power to strongly take and effectively maintain African
Followed by the first age of Imperialism in the 1600s when the Spanish conquistadors sailed the Atlantic Ocean, the second age of imperialism occurred. Imperialism is when a more powerful country takes over a less powerful country. The European rulers came together in 1885 at The Berlin Conference to discuss the new conquest of Africa. At this time, Africa was viewed as a piece of cake and each “slice” was distributed to each European country depending on its power.In the 1800s right after the Industrial Revolution, the Europeans were colonizing the African territory. As a result, Britain, France and the Netherlands had grown more powerful.
Political and economic frameworks reinforced colonialism and capitalism in the 19th century and were based on the ideas of social Darwinism introduced by Herbert Spencer (Lang, 2014). Spencer drew upon on the idea of evolution from the works of Darwin and Jean-Baptiste Lamark to create a doctrine of political and economic competitiveness that supported the free hand approach to society, which countered efforts for social reform and supported colonialism and capitalism (Lang, 2014). The atmosphere of intellectual thinking dominated by Social Darwinism in the 1890’s provided the ideological support and racial justification for colonialism in Africa and slavery in North America (Pinder, 2002). Exploitative and derogatory attitudes towards non-white races in the European dominance of Africa and America were reinforced by the idea of the fittest will survive. Social Darwinism provided a mechanism for the “scientific and natural” domination of nature and non-Europeans that propagated the
European colonialism affected Africa politics in many ways. Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European military invasions, imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, and eventual conquest and colonization. The European push was motivated by political, economic, and social factors. Following the collapse of the very profitable slave trade and the expansion of European capitalist industrial revolutions, the push developed. The European demand for assured sources of raw materials and the search for profitable investment outlets and guaranteed markets, sparked the European scramble in the conquest of Africa.
The Europeans caused such diseases. Events from European expeditions such as genocide of a simple and basic people, the African slave trade, and growth of New World colonies left a large mark on the developing history of the world, and brought what is now our
Europe takes advantage of Africa. The main driving forces behind European Imperialism consisted of three fundamental factors which included Political, Technological, and Economic. The way these three components are involved in the driving force because they all helped shape and push everything together to make more efficient. The first component that helped take over land or “European Imperialism” was Technological power. Technology was a massive impact on European imperialism because unlike the Africans who had bows and spears.