Since the African traders needed more slaves, they decided to create violence by going into small parts of the West Coast of Africa and take whatever people they needed for their slave trade. Many families were separated since they were being sent to different parts of the world. At the beginning the slaves were sold for what was called two bills. The slaves were also used in what was called barter trade, which meant that there were sold more than one time before reaching their destination. One of the first trips which happened around 1650 consisted of about 115 male slaves, 115 females and other products that were being transported for trade as well.
Slavery was an important time period that is still affecting American society today. For 400 years, Africans were enslaved by Americans and were forced to do hard labor in harsh conditions. They were forced to pick cotton, harvest and plant rice and build railroads. Slavery began in America in 1619 when countries in Europe would kidnap Africans and send them to America on boats. This time period is important due to the devastating actions that happened to Africans and what they did to change the course of history.
The first major group of European dealers in West Africa was the Portuguese, followed by the British and the French.”African sellers often kidnapped slaves and brought them to markets on the coast. At these markets, European and American purchasers traded materials such as cloth, iron, guns, alcohol, and decorative items that were helpful to the merchants in turn for purchasing slaves. Most frequently, slave sellers were found to be men, and they used their expanded wealth to improve their prestige. They used this to their advantage to contact themselves, through marriage, to other wealthy families in their kingdom. The Africans who were enslaved were generally prisoners of war or captives from slave raids.
In the American context there are some unwanted jobs according to the native Americans, which are taken up by the immigrants as they are unskilled or not well educated. The recent issue of immigration is causing turmoil in the domestic policies of the European Union 's Member States. Coming to very recent trends, the political unrest and civil wars in Middle East Africa and Asian countries like Syria, Afghanistan, Eritrea, and Nigeria are causing huge influx of immigrants, in Europe. These people are forced to migrate to sustain their lives and ultimately they end up into refugees or immigrants. According to UNHCR estimates more than 3, 80,000 migrants and
Economic causes imply that people are migrating to find employments or to follow a precise way for their career. Political migration is a forced migration due to the fact that people are moving away to flee from political persecution or any type of war. There are factors that are the main causes for the migration. They can be classified into push and pull factors
Thousands of immigrants are going to the foreign land that’s why some countries population come one the peak. According to McNeil (2011), population is increasing in certain regions this is the major disadvantage of immigration. Because people move one country to another country that’s why population is increasing day by day and crowd is enhancing. Therefore, the natural resources are also being imbalance. Furthermore, when immigrants move to another land then they also bring many diseases in the countries and this is very harmful for the host countries people.
. Causes of Expansion of Squatter Settlements Squatter settlements are the consequences of both long term and short-term crisis in the socio-economic, institutional and political set up of a country (Shimeles, 2004). Writers in the area have tried to explain in depth the factors resulting in the proliferation of squatter settlements. 2.4.1 Socio-Economic Factors Various socio-economic factors like unemployment, housing shortage, low level of income and poverty are the main causes of squatting. In most cases, the driving force behind these socio-economic factors is the rural-urban migration.
In the study, push factors are poverty, unemployment and natural calamity, while better opportunity, high wage, relatives or friends stay since long time are the indicators of pull factors. Migration is a natural process that often happens depending on the socio-economic, demographic, cultural, political and environmental factors related to the migrant people. All of the factors of migration are included in two broad classifications as Push and Pull factors. Push factors are those that compel a person, due to different reasons, to leave place of origin and to go to some other place For instance, lack of work opportunities, unemployment and underdevelopment, poor economic condition, lack of opportunities, exhaustion of natural resources and natural calamities. On the other hand, pull factors indicate the factors which attract migrant to an area (area of destination), like, employment and higher education opportunities, higher wages facilities, better working
The political situation of our country affects the economic setting. The economic environment affects the business performance. It could add risk or lead to loss. Two main political factors will affect our business are: 1- the changes of the countries’ situation because of the war. 2-the new laws that the government set, employment law.
A push factor results in people wanting to migrate from a certain place to another while pull factor is a factor that drives the person from migrating to certain places. According to Dhesi (2013), Malaysia is one of the attractive destination for foreigner especially foreign workers and students which has pros and cons towards the country. An increase in the labour-intensive industries in the country causes foreign workers to migrate to Malaysia which leads to an increase in the population of the country. Workers that migrate to Malaysia are mostly low skilled labours. Malaysia is a country that relies heavily on these foreign workers especially in low-end economic activities such as agricultural and business informal sectors (Rahmah Ismail & Ferayuliani Yuliyusman, 2014).