According to the dictionary, “imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.” The United States decided that expanding their power, land, and money was the best way to resolve their problems because they thought that the theory of Manifest Destiny was the only way they could go any farther into the future. Latin America was affected badly with all their schemes and experiments they tried, including the Panama Canal project.
The Spanish exploration and colonisation made both a positive and negative impact on Latin America. The arrival of the Spanish explorers to the new world made a big change and they are the reason Latin America looks the way it does today. However these people were ruthless and were the tyrants of the new world. One of Spain’s major foreign policy objectives since the advent of democracy has been to increase its influence in Latin America. Spain has had interest in this area due to historical ties and a common linguistic, cultural and religious heritage (Countrystudies.us, 2017).
The societies of Central and South America prior to the arrival of Europeans were somewhat advanced because of government, religion, and economy. The somewhat advanced society kept many things in place to turn out the way it did with many ups and downs. A strong government that controlled and scared people. The many methods of farming of them survive for a decent time. These civilizations had a good economy that is strong and strict help them maintain.
Spanish imperial rule defined much of Colombia’s social and economic development in the sixteenth century under the system of mercantilism. The country (then colony) was an exporter of raw materials such as metals. It was not until Colombia was granted independence that the country was able to create a modern economy. This modern economy was based on coffee and other agricultural exports. Colombia prospered during the late nineteenth century due to the exporting of tobacco and coffee.
The geography of South America has affected the culture very much. The people that live in the Amazon can’t farm in the same spot for more than around two or three years because of poor soil. The people in the Andes mountains have to find different ways to travel. These are some examples of the ways the geography affects the culture in South America. The Andes mountains affect the culture in their area because People have to find ways to travel up and down the steep mountains.
In the past the United States is known for its notorious habit to take other people’s land. A particular case is Cuba. Cuba was apart of Spain but the United states wanted to capture Cuba and help them gain independence. The action that took place with Panama after a long war and a struggling government the United states also lended a hand to Panama and tried to build the canal. Lending a hand isn’t a problem but when you are trying to take over the country it then becomes a problem.
Mesoamerica was considered the region stretching from Mexico to Central America. It is said Mesoamerica was the birthplace of agriculture in North America. Due to the climate changes all farming societies were very vulnurable. Today’s hunter-gatherers regard their method of obtaining food as superior, because farming requires tedious
The natives of Latin America have long made strong efforts to survive and thrive. With these efforts they live up a legacy that influences our society. By influencing today’s society, the Mayan, Aztec and Incan empires have made great accomplishments both in the past and present. These empires help shape today’s culture and with that they will help shape up the past.
During the 1560s, Sir Humphrey Gilbert made the "first positive effort" to colonise North America. Although he lacked the finance to explore the New World, he continued his efforts in hopes to find riches in the new land that would help solve the crises that England was facing. It is evident that the English had many reasons that motivated them to colonise North America. One of these factors was the domestic problems that they were facing during the late 16th and early 17th century. England was facing crucial problems to which colonisation seem to be the answer: mass overpopulation was putting a huge strain on English resources, such as housing and jobs, which created further problems of unemployment and a decline in the economy. By colonising
America’s discovery and the formation of Triangular Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas drove many new advancements in technology and economics. For example, inflation caused the capitalism’s popularity to rise, new goods were discovered, and European empires thrived. As the Europeans discovered, the Americas contained many resources such as silver, gold, spices, and other valuable goods that were sold to make a surplus of profit. Later on, such resources were farmed using African American slave labor. Quote A exemplifies the benefits for many upper class Europeans and American slave owners.
U.S. manufacturers can sell their products to the markets of these countries and can invest in the resources available. Cuba was an especially sought after territory because it provided a vast market, an investment territory, and a cultural outpost for Americans (Paterson 348). Due to its economic and political influence in the region, the U.S. had a hand in the affairs of many Latin American countries. In the late 1800s, sixty-four percent of Guatemala’s trade was managed by the U.S. (Paterson 346). While this may appear to be a generous gesture, their involvement was conducted with minimal consent from the country they controlled.
According to John O’ Sullivan, “Other nations have undertaken...hostile interference against us, …hampering our power, limiting our greatness and checking the fulfillment of our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence (God) for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions”. The Americans are using God’s will as an excuse to go to war with Mexico. The fact that other countries are also trying to taking territory from Mexico shows that the United States is willing to enter the competition for Mexico’s territory in order to gain more resources to support themselves and strengthen themselves by doing this. Manifest Destiny is nothing more than a concocted lie meant to persuade the masses the advantages of gaining more territory.
Mendicant friars, Jesuits, and priests traveled across the New World to preach Catholicism in hopes of converting the non-Catholics. Religious values were one of the main motivations for conquistadors, because they felt more powerful and superior. The progress of Spanish colonization was shaped by several factors involving war, disease, and religion. The main motivation for colonization during this time period were the “Three G’s” - gold, gaining riches and wealth; glory, success during war; and gospel, spreading religion. Spanish colonization has largely impacted Central and South America’s history and culture, which has made them the continents that they are