In the 1860s, the United States was just adjusting to the end of the Civil War and African Americans were free but not treated equally. In addition, women were second-class citizens. Therefore, Cole had to ignore and persist through set stereotypes and boundaries to achieve her goal. Cole continued to practice medicine for fifty years until her death on August 14, 1922. She is buried at Eden’s Cemetery in Collingdale,
It was stated by Louis E. Martin upon her death that “She gave out faith and hope as if they were pills and she some sort of doctor.” As an educator and a social worker Bethune dedicated her life as a public servant to better the lives of others. She served as the first African American woman to serve in a president cabinet and through her years of public services she worked with four presidents. Through those connections she was able to influence decision that affected the great good of all. Bethune diverse government and organizational service inspired a new generation of women civil rights leaders. Bethune sums it up in her pledge of the National Council of Negro Women “It is our pledge to make a lasting contribution to all that is finest and best in America, to cherish and enrich her heritage of freedom and progress by working for the integration of all her people regardless of race, creed, or national origin, into her spiritual, social, cultural, civic, and economic life, and thus aid her to achieve the glorious destiny of a true and unfettered democracy.”— Founder Mary McLeod Bethune's Pledge for
In the late nineteenth century there was an explosion of nursing schools. Women going to nursing school often began by working primarily as a maid because the hospitals valued this free labor. Nurses lived the life similar to nuns in this time period, forbidden to marry. Living on hospital grounds in what was called nurses homes, nurses had many rules and were strictly
Actually, in 1853, Jacobs has begun to write her life story in the form of letters until she has been able, with the help of her antislavery friends, to publish her Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl in 1860. By this novel, Jacobs has become the first woman to write a slave narrative in which she addresses the white women of the North to sympathize with slave mothers of the South. Finally, Jacobs died in Washington on March 7, 1897. Harriet Jacobs opens her novel with an introduction in which she clarifies her aim why she has written this autobiography by stating “I do earnestly desire to arouse the women of the North to a realizing sense of the condition of two millions of women at the South, still in bondage, suffering what I suffered, and most of them far worse”. Jacobs uses the pseudonym Linda Brent to narrate her story as well as giving all the characters names rather than their real names.
She went to study nursing in Tennessee State University the only university that receives colored people at that time. Regarding literature at that time, there were a lot of slave biographies and freedom novels. Larsen’s Passing is a good example of this genra of literature. The concept of Passing means when the person claims he belongs to a particular race that has political, economic and social advantages. The concept of passing gets back to ancient history, history of mixed identities, daily suffering, and deep conflict.
Stories she had heard of her past generation were used to leave their mark and honor her ancestors. Walker began her love for reading and writing when she was eight years old. At this time period of her life, Walker got into an accident where she was shot in the eye with a BB gun. Facing years of solitude from embarrassment of her looks, her eye was surgically fixed at the age of 14. Just like Celie, Walker worked on finding her true worth, loving herself, and working towards independence (Horsley).
Florence choose to take a different path. Florence was an important leader and left a legacy for multiple reasons, the most noticed are that she helped in the Crimean war, cared for her patients, and advanced modern medicine. Florence was best known for her work in the Crimean war. For instance, an article about Florence on NCBI stated that during the Crimean War, she took 38 nurses to the war hospital and worked to heal the wounded soldiers. Furthermore, Biography.com states, “During the Crimean War, she and a team of nurses improved the unsanitary conditions at a British base hospital, reducing the death count by two-thirds.” Marjie Bloy wrote “Nightingale offered her services to the War Office on 14 October but her friend Sidney Herbert — the Secretary for War — already had written to her, suggesting that she should go out to the Crimea.” All of these quotes state that she went to help in the hospital in the Crimean war.
There have been several examples where detrimental actions have been taken by fortunate people to accomplish their goals. Henrietta Lacks was an African-American woman, living in the early 1900s in eastern United States. She was diagnosed with cervical cancer at Johns Hopkins Hospital at the age of 31, on January 29, 1951. The doctors prescribed her treatment plan as several Radium sessions and an initial surgery to help extirpate the tumor from her body. However, in her first surgery, without obtaining consent, the doctors extracted more than just her tumor.
After earning her advanced degrees, Orem also practiced in diverse roles such as a consultant, director, professor, theorist, and author (Masters, 2015). However, Dorothea Orem came to fame with the self-care deficit theory of nursing. Orem’s Self -Care Deficit Theory of nursing was formulated in 1956 and 1959, introducing a basic idea of the self-care- framework. Orem refined her work in 1985 and presented the three theories related to the self-care framework. In 1986, Orem retired in Savannah, Georgia and died 2007 (Masters, 2015).
In the film, The Fault in Our Stars, we are introduced to Hazel Grace Lancaster, a teenage girl diagnosed with stage IV cancer. She shares her backstory and discusses her cancer diagnosis. Hazel states that it started out as thyroid cancer, but it moved onto her lungs. She explained, “there wasn’t much they could do, but they tried anyway” (Boone, 2014). In the beginning of the film, Hazel and her mother are attending a doctor’s appointment where they are seen meeting with Dr. Maria.