Marcus J. Paulus 2/14/2018 Plea Paper Plea Paper The plea bargain is necessary part of our justice system. This is because of the vast number of cases our justice system has to deal with each year it would be almost impossible to take all these cases to court each year. Plea bargains give people the chance to reduced there sentence by admitting they committed the crime or a less crime in order for the prosecutor to get a guilty verdict. The plea bargain process is supposed to be introduced to the discussion but they prosecutor and not the defendant.
Recidivism refers to the repetition of criminal behavior (James, 2011). According to the United States Bureau of Justice 2010 statistics report, three-quarters of released prisoners are constantly rearrested for new crimes and more than half of these go back to prison in a period of two to three years after their release. Ex- inmates account for an approximated 19 percent of all arrests (Phelps, 2013, p.55). Criminals who return to the community are also most of the times worse off after a period of confinement than when they entered. It is attributable to the fact that these inmates learn antisocial and criminal attitudes from other
Last but not least, in order for some inmates to earn their way out of supermax segregation, they were asked to participate in a study to determine if mental health issues were a problem for the confinement which only allowed inmates to come out of their cells for 1 hour a day. Also, once the inmates and staff of these type of prisons where back in society their where many of questions on whether or not the long hours and shifts inside of supermax prisons had a positive or negative effect on them. The type of inmates that are housed in supermax prisons are ones “who are dangerous or chronically violent, have escaped or attempt to escape from a high security correctional facility, have incited or tempted to incite disruption in correctional facility, or who have prayed on weaker inmates are removed from general population and housed in supermax prisons”(Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). Many of these types of prisons were “originally designed to house the most violent, hardened, and escape-prone criminals, Supermaxes are increasingly used for persistent rule-breakers, convicted leaders of criminal organizations and gangs, serial killers, and political criminals”(Ross,
1.) After reading New Jack: Guarding Sing Sing I found most interesting that half the time Conover is in danger and scared for his life. But he must learn how to deal with the inmates and survive the spine-chilling conditions. With the United States prison population reaching a record high of over two million inmates, the system was in a crisis. It was more likely for an African American in California to go to prison rather than attending a state university.
The Current Population Survey only accounts for people who reside in households which leaves out a significant portion of the American public. Due to the unprecedented incarcerated population in our country today, these statics representing the American public are not quite correct, especially
The number of mentally ill prisoners is consistently on the rise. In fact, a 1995 study found that there is a higher percentage of people with mental illnesses in prison than outside of prison (statcan.gc.ca). It's argued that the reason for there being so many mentally ill people in prison is that those who "cannot get mental health treatment in the community are swept into the criminal justice system after they commit a crime" (Abramsky and Fellner 1) and get caught up within a cycle of criminalization. It's obvious that the incarceration system doesn't do much to help criminals with mental illnesses. At most, they are detained in special prisons with mental health facilities, yet even these programs have been proven to be insufficient, unethical, and very corrupted; it isn't uncommon to hear of stories where patients are being mistreated, secluded for extended periods of time without proper care, and removed of their basic human rights.
The streets and committing crimes is all they know and have grown used to. Another advantage is that the law can deter offenders who have already had two felonies from committing another crime. This is where the rehabilitation comes in place. The three strikes law seems to assist with steering offenders away from committing further crimes because following the second conviction there may be a reminder of what will happen if the felon commits another criminal act his or her freedom will be taken away and will receive a prison sentence of a mandatory twenty-five years, or worst, a life sentence. The thought of serving a life sentence may be the reason that some change their lifestyle and stop committing crimes.
For example, "we are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration. Over 2 million Americans live caged behind bars, a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years." Thus, this shows that due to us still following the old system to many people are in jail for crimes that don’t deserve that crime. Another example is shown in article 2, line 2 "One in 35 American adults is under
(revolving doors) b) If they are trying to make prisons so bad, why are 3 out of 4 prisoners returning within 5 years (Bureau of Justice) II. Population- what is it made up of? a) As of 2014 there is 1,561,525 people in jail (BJS) b) 1,448,564 men c) 112,961 women d) Why do we have the most incarcerated people?
In a Monash University survey led by (Trotter 1996), it collects public opionion about sentencing, the sample was made up of 330 people randomly, the result suggests that people want harsher sentences in general, they have limited knowledge around optional meausures. , therefore they have no idea of a more appropriate sentence. Most people hope that to violent offenders or sexual offenders get harsher sentence, but they are happy to see low-risk offenders to receive fines or community-based orders. Moreover, when people were given more information about punitive alternatives as well as relevant cost of prison system, 70% agree that money should spent on alternative correction programs rather than building more prisons. In conclusion, although
Just like children are taught to read and write, prisoners must be taught something other than atrocity. Property offenders were the most likely to be rearrested, with 82.1 percent of released property offenders arrested for a new crime ( ). Why are minor crime offenders committing serious crimes even after their consequence? The obtainment of the knowledge necessary to transform the perspective of the criminal into one that has no lust for crime could alter the continuous growth in the incarnation rates in
These youth live in poverty, have endured homelessness and hunger, witnessed death and murder, and survived sexual, emotional, and physical abuse. It could be argued that because the youth do not know any other way of life that they should not be held accountable for their actions. However, when poor often black youths commit a crime, they do not have the financial resources available to afford the best attorneys or expert witnesses. As a result, these youths are more often found guilty and given harsher sentences relative to the crimes that they commit. The inability to afford proper legal representation has allowed many black youths to serve time in prison for crimes they didn’t commit.
Imagine if a person was a major drug dealer and drug money was their only stream of income. Once that person is caught by law enforcement and sentenced by the court, they spend some time in the correctional system. When they get out, the reality of the label “felon” sticks with them when they’re trying to apply for jobs. If they are unable to make a living for themselves the right way, they will be tempted to go back to their criminal lifestyle. Society makes it extremely hard for felons to reenter society and the felons shouldn’t be at fault because they have limited options.
The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for several reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime. This literature review will discuss the ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system and how mass incarceration of non-violent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of recidivism has become a problem.
Incarceration has long been part of our corrections facilities in maintaining and holding criminals confined to themselves and harmless to the outside world. That’s not the exactly the way it is anymore, now they are creating treatment programs to rehabilitate people into better normal class citizens in prison because of the effects it has on prisoners in and outside the walls along with people they are associated with. For instance one article stated how in Germany they created state of the art treatment programs to help treat the criminals with their addictions. It was said to have great results in the treatments, but the program was very costly, so it was shut down. While another program in New York is trying to help the incarcerated fathers, by letting them portray the father