Fitzgerald means for Tom’s love interests to personify the extremes of the spectrum of whiteness on the surface level and in their naming; the highest level of whites will use their power to tear apart those lower than them with no remorse, which will destroy white society from the inside, just as Daisy ended Myrtle. Unsurprisingly, F. Scott Fitzgerald drew inspiration for writing from the world he lived in. Fitzgerald lived from 1896 to 1940, but the nineteen-twenties were his time to flourish (Donaldson 16). Fitzgerald spent a great deal of his time in and around New York city, with his wife Zelda Fitzgerald; though, he wrote The Great Gatsby in France, which hit better with reviewers than his previous works (20-4). Fitzgerald framed The Great Gatsby in the era he knew best, the Jazz Age; referring to the nineteen-twenties in the United States, the Jazz Age claims its name due to the popular musical genre derived
Class struggles fuel conflict throughout the novel. The structure of classes in the twenties was poor, middle class, rich, and within the rich class, Old Money and New Money. In this time period the rich could hide behind their money and influence to stay above the law. “They were careless people, Tom and Daisy--they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back to their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made..” (Fitzgerald 179) The blatant disregard of responsibility shown by the upper class furthers the gap between the poorer and wealthier people. Examples of the various classes in the novel have Myrtle and George as the poor class, Nick Caraway as somewhat of a middle class man, Daisy and Tom as Old Money, and Gatsby as New Money.
Geographic divisions such as the Valley of Ashes, East Egg, and West Egg segregate the characters into one of two classes; those who were born with money, and those who weren’t. The Valley of Ashes is a byproduct of the lifestyle of the rich, conveying all of the destruction that their reckless lifestyle causes, and is inhabited by what the vieux riche view as the “garbage” of society, namely George and Myrtle Wilson, who receive much abuse at the hands of Tom and Daisy Buchanan. East and West Egg, despite the denizens of both being extremely wealthy, also have divides that Fitzgerald emphasizes in order to demonstrate the differences between the vieux riche and the “lower class”, including even the nouveau riche. East Egg outshines every other location in terms of sheer opulence; in comparison, even the extraordinarily wealthy West Egg seems penniless (5). Fitzgerald’s inclusion of geographic locations separate the characters into two distinct classes who struggle for power, where the vieux riche emerge triumphant not due to their actions, but due to their ability to oppress those lower than
Fitzgerald’s purpose is mainly to portray the reality of his time that impurity and greed of individuals lead to the downfall of society. By depicting the social elite as materialists Fitzgerald introduces the social crisis, the side effects of industrialization and economic development of the 1920s. The social group that is defined as the upper class includes Tom and Daisy Buchanan, Jordan Baker, Jay Gatsby and their associates. The theme of materialism is evident even from the first chapter of the novel, where Nick, the narrator, offers a description of the excessively luxurious Buchanan’s house . Exaggerated projections such as buying “a string of polo ponies” (Fitzgerald: 8) for entertainment characterize the upper class and especially the Buchanans themselves, who represent “Old Money” .
Henry David Thoreau was born in 1862, when the civil war in America, And the fight for slavery was at it’s peak. During these times, Thoreau established himself as a poet, a philosopher, an abolitionist, and transcendentalist. Thoreau was seen as a rebel with many causes, but what made him different was he was a wealthy man living a lifestyle of a popper. Thoreau wanted to fight for individual rights without too much government control. Thoreau felt that the government was unfair to people of color, and had an unjust system that taxed its people for greed.
More towards the end of “Persons of Mean and Vile Condition”, Zinn explains why the Bacon’s Rebellion was so feared, and what new aspect it can give us on America. One of the biggest fear of the upper class and the rulers of Virginia was the possibility of a combination of poor whites and black, since they were a much bigger population. There is a saying that America was “born free”, but that was really not the case. America was born with both free, master, landlord, rich and slave, servant, tenant, and
1B) The message conveyed by the source is Alexander the second and Abraham Lincoln are alike in many ways. They were both leaders of powerful nations, and was considered radicals of their time. The both emancipated the underclass citizens (the slaves and the serfs), and the both emancipated them for similar reasons. Alexander like Abraham Lincoln emancipated the citizens at the bottom of the hierarchy because he was forced to. There was riots that couldn’t be contained, rapid debt build up, and the nation of the whole was barely standing.
Therefore, the middle class lords were entangled between falling revenue and rising production costs. This prompted them to force a price-squeeze, and when they failed, most of them surrendered and sold their properties, including estates. The outcome was a social upheaval, which accelerated the social evolution trend. To be specific, the Black Death took a toll on the society, effectively ending the feudal system in Europe.
Throughout the entirety of the book, The Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, many situations occur that show the exploitation of the lower class. The Marxist or Power theory relates to the fact that whoever controls the means of production, the upper class, controls the rest of society. In the story narrated by Nick Carraway, the relationship between Tom Buchanan and Myrtle Wilson exemplifies how the wealthy and powerful take advantage of the poor. From the beginning of the novel, the upper class, represented by Tom Buchanan, is portrayed as ignorant and pompous. In the first chapter, Tom discusses a book regarding race and his opinions characterize him as being judgemental and racist.
F. Scott Fitzgerald uses the setting to differentiate the social classes and divisions of the 1920’s in his novel The Great Gatsby. East Egg, West Egg, and New York City are among the most significant settings that exhibit the classes and the divisions between them. Throughought the novel, Fitzgerald consistently alludes that the residents of East Egg are wealthy, while the residents of West Egg are poor. He also displays that social classes are unable to mesh and will always be divided during the altercation at the Plaza Hotel in New York City. The fist setting Fitzgerald uses to portray social classes is East Egg.
The dramatic economic expansion that American experienced during industrialization led to the creation of the extremely poor and the extremely rich. During the Progressive Era, New York faced overpopulation distribution and overcrowding of living arrangements in the city due to the migration. Inevitably, the class division in terms of the economy and social amongst the people made it impossible for Americanization of becoming together as a nation. Jacob Riis, and immigrant himself, a photojournalist and most important, a social reformer exposed the abuse and poor treatment of the tenements in New York City through his work How the Other Half Lives. He utilized the use of flash photograph, allowing him to capture and communicate in a very specific