He writes to people who are educated about what happened when slavery was accepted, and to those who are afraid to fight back within their own problems. Frederick Douglass narrates in his autobiography, The Heroic Slave, a time when he was sent to labor on an Eastern Shore plantation. There, he gives an example of a time when he fought against a harsh overseer named Covey, who decided that by breaking the boy’s body would correlate to also breaking his spirit. Covey may have wanted to crush Frederick’s spirit by mercilessly beating him, but Douglass wanted to stand his ground. To vividly grasp us into his story of perseverance and courage, he effectively uses three strategies: pathos, imagery, and anecdotes.
487 – 496): Reconstruction in Wartime (pp. 487 – 488) 2. List and explain the major components of Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction Plan, otherwise known as the “10% Plan”. Before Lincoln was assasinated, he had been developing a Reconstruction Plan that favored forgiviness over punishment. His Ten Percent Plan stated that if 10% of the voting population in 1860 of a Southern sate pledges loyalty to the nation, then the state would be able to join the Union.
Frederick Douglass was born a slave in 1817, but soon became one of the biggest names in all of history. By 1838, Frederick Douglass was able to escape slavery and go up North. The citizens of Rochester, New York, where Douglass settled in, asked him to give a speech to celebrate the Fourth of July. He agreed, however, instead of his speech being about celebrating freedom, he spoke about all the hypocrisy being held in the United States. The states represented freedom, and independence, yet there were millions of people being forced into a life of hard labor and no pay, slaves.
The North and South, from 1861 to 1865, lost over six hundred thousand men in an armed and gruesome conflict over the issue of slavery. Despite the North winning militarily, the death rates for both sides were relatively equal. Following the South’s surrender at Appomattox, a time of Reconstruction ensued. Southern beliefs and behaviors, along with the Grant Administration’s growing indifference about freedman issues, influenced Reconstruction politics across the country. White Southerners scored a resounding victory in the Reconstruction Period by passing restriction laws against Negroes and intensified the Southern atmosphere beyond its original Pre-Civil War environment.
This soon change as a variety of inconsitancy emerging between race relations as the freed slaves become more assertive, ambitious and confident. Woodward brings up the influence the intense pressure coming from the North. During the Civil Right Movement, blacks could vote, hold an elective and appointed offices; this was the time of ‘experiment to rigid uniformity between the whites and the backs that will later come to an end.”According to Woodward, during the years/decades affords the Civil War, there was no demand of the white population that the freed slaves be deprived and the “white supremacy” be considered as the “rule of the
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
The passage of Reconstruction legislation, namely the Freemen’s Bureau Act, the Civil Rights Bill, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, and the First Reconstruction Act of 1867, gave African Americans greater economic and political rights, ultimately contributing to the Klan’s formation. First, as John Faragher stated, the establishment of the Freedmen’s Bureau in March 1865 entitled former slaves to benefits such as “food, clothing, and fuel.” (Out of Many, p. 364) Then in 1866, with the passing of the Civil Rights Bill and Fourteenth Amendment, “full citizenship rights” were granted to former slaves, according to Faragher. (Out of Many, p. 362) In addition, Congress expanded the Freedmen’s Bureau to establish education and courts that would help ensure civil rights protection.
The movie “Lincoln” starts with 2 black union soldiers who share their exploits with the president. They’re also mentioning the pay inequalities between black and white soldiers. The scene is followed by 2 white man who try to recite Lincoln’s Gettysburg address but they forget how it ends, and it’s the black soldiers that end it. This helped us get a better understanding of the inequality at the time, and the struggles of being a Negro. On
The reconstruction era refers to the period in time between 1861 and 1865, when efforts were made, after the civil war, to restore the relations between North and the South, to improve status of the blacks and, to restore normalcy in the country. While the country was able to reunite effectively the the country, it did nod do much to improve the condition of the blacks. Also it failed to solve the economic problems of the South. Though new governments banned discrimination and gave blacks the right to vote, the deep rooted prejudice of the white against blacks persisted and it was reflected in many legal practices that were allowed to continue. For example, a series of laws called black codes enabled Southerners to exercise substantial control
In the aftermath of the war the Freedman’s bureau was established to assist the freed slaves. Many different programs were put into place in an effort to alleviate the suffering of the prior slaves. This helped both the freed slaves and the farmers. Now, the freed slaves could work the land for wages and the farmers could obtain cheap laborers to do their bidding. While it did much to help freed black men further their pursuit of true freedom, the Bureau was given little power by Congress, and it expired in
Reconstruction is during which the United States began to rebuild the Southern society after they lost to the civil war. It lasted from 1865 to 1877, and it was initiated by President Lincoln until his assassination in 1865. President Johnson continued Lincoln’s agenda to continue the Reconstruction. Throughout the process of Reconstruction, one of its main purpose was to guarantees for equal rights for all people, especially for the African Americans. Even though slavery was abolished after the civil war, many Southerners were still against the idea of equal rights for all black people, such as the Republicans.
Since the freemen now had these privileges, they took an active part in voting and political life. These amendments also provided the building of many churches and helped community organizations to be started. In addition to the amendments the ten Southern state governments were, States Army. This was to recognize and protect the freedmen’s right to vote. Even though the Civil War was considered a “Lost Cause”, it did free the slaves.
Over the reconstruction twenty African Americans served in state administrations as Governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, or lesser offices. More than six hundred serves as state legislators and sixteen as congressmen. Southern Republicans, reconstruction governments eliminated property qualifications for the vote and abolished the Black Codes. Their state constitutions expanded the rights of married women, enabling them to hold property and wages independent of their husbands. The sought to diversify the economy beyond cotton agriculture and the poured money into railroads and other buildings projects to expand the regions busted economy.