In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy.(1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
This type of chest pain occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are either blocked or narrowed. This can cause an uncomfortable pressure, fullness, and a squeezing sensation in the center of the chest. Known triggers are exertion and emotional stress. Stable angina is usually relieved with rest and medication such as nitroglycerin.
A fistula is an opening on the large intestine and another surface that stick together and form a tunnel. If they are healed while connected, it can cause the spread of bacteria from the large intestine and cause inflammation and infection. The last, but yet of many more complications is dysuria or painful urination. Diverticulitis can cause a part of the bowels that are inflamed to have contact with the bladder causing the pain and having to urinate more often. It can also cause air to be present in urine which is the result of a fistula.
If Addison’s disease is left untreated or if your symptoms suddenly worsen, it becomes and Addisonian crisis which can be fatal. Symptoms of an Addisonian crisis are shock(when your body does get enough blood flow), fever,weakness or fatigue, fever, vomiting, low blood pressure, loss of consciousness, and eventual kidney shutdown. People who are believed to have Addisonian crisis may receive injections of salt, fluids, and glucocorticoid
' hernia abdominal is the leakage of a viscus - or a part of it - from the abdominal cavity where it is normally contained. The herniation makes its way through a preformed orifice or an area of weakness in the cladding wall. Abdominal herniaAbdominal hernia is therefore the expression of a progressive weakening of the muscular and fascial walls, which under physiological conditions should keep the bowels in its proper place . abdominal hernias are called external because the viscera, slipping between the different structures that make up the abdominal wall, push outward becoming evident.
These blood vessels usually nourish the retina. These blood vessels get blocked which causes irregular new blood vessels to form. Bleeding into the vitreous gel may occur due to these new blood vessels being weak. Retinal detachment may also occur because of these new blood vessels pulling on the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in middle aged people and visual loss in older people.
Dry eye syndrome, also called as keratoconjunctivitis, is a health issue that develops once the eyes usually do not produce enough tear lubricant to always keep their surface moist. This produces an inflammatory response in their fragile tissues and, in addition, results in discomfort just like itching, redness and also sensitivity. If it is not treated properly, it may trigger the deterioration of the cornea as well as the conjunctiva. This is most common among the older people, though it can occur from young ages if there is exposure to contaminated environments or perhaps injuries.
A pneumothorax can be caused by physical trauma to the chest wall or as a complication of a healthcare intervention which is referred to as traumatic pneumothorax. In a minority of cases the amount of air in the chest increases markedly when a one-way valve is formed by an area of damaged tissue, leading to a tension pneumothorax which leads to steadily worsening oxygen shortage and low blood pressure. Unless reversed by effective treatment, it can result in death. Diagnosis of a pneumothorax by physical examination alone can be difficult. Integrated diagnostic modalities can be used for the better detection such as chest X-ray,
The loose blood clots can block the artery in the heart and become pulmonary embolism (PE). A pulmonary embolism is dangerous conditions that can lead to fatal because of blood supplies from the heart to the other parts of the body are failed. DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic.
However, some of them are not the popular methods in Hong Kong’ ward nowadays since there are some accidents happened by misplaced nasogastric tube that the tubes were incorrectly inserted into their lungs and feeding commenced. The serious complications of nasogastric tube misplacement are lung perforation, bronchial misplacement, pneumonia, esophageal perforation and pneumothorax (Gupta, P. K., Gupta, K., Jain, M., & Garg, T., 2014). These accidents reflect that the previous method is not totally reliable and researcher start thinking the problem and develop the new research for finding the best way to
You may also have tests, including: • A test that checks for C. diff in your stool. • Blood tests. • A sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look at your colon. These procedures involve passing an instrument through your rectum to look at the inside of your colon.
Morrie Schwartz was diagnosed by a frightening sickness known as ALS. ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) is an exceptionally uncommon sickness inside of your sensory system that debilitates muscles and affects the physical capacity. Morrie Schwartz had been determined to have ALS and his previous understudy, Mitch, revived their kinship through his condition. The illness is known as an motor neuron infection that is portrayed by the steady degeneration and demise of motor neurons. Motor neurons are nerve cells a portion of a pathway that send driving forces to the cerebrum and the spinal rope.
AFib treatment options vary depending upon the severity of the disease and the underlying reasons or diseases that caused it to occur. Atrial fibrillation, also known as AFib, must be treated on a case-by-case basis in order to reduce the risk of other health problems or complications. Understanding AFib AFib occurs when the uppermost chambers of the heart beat irregualry and uncoordinated with the lower two chambers. AFib often causes a fast heartbeat that is irregular, chest pain, difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, weakness and dizziness. AFib episodes may happen sporadically or become chronic and occur regularly.
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation.
The word “lateral” refers to the area where the nerve cells are in the spinal cord. As this area is affected by ALS it creates scarring or hardening which is that last part of the name “sclerosis” (What Is ALS?). The symptoms of ALS include the muscles to not operate correctly in the legs, arms, face, and tongue. Eventually, a person with ALS can lose the ability to breathe too, but recent technologies have made a tubing system to allow you to breathe. ALS is all physically affected, not logical thought.