In the novel The Things They Carried, Tim O’Brien expresses to the reader why the men went to the war and continued to fight it. In the first chapter, “The Things They Carried,” O’Brien states “It was not courage, exactly; the object was not valor. Rather they were too frightened to be cowards.” The soldiers went to war not because they were courageous and ready to fight, but because they felt the need to go. They were afraid and coped with their lack of courage by telling stories (to themselves or aloud) and applied humor to the situations they encountered. The men who served in the Vietnam War were just barely men, some of them were just hitting the age twenty.
In this soliloquy, Hamlet’s tone changes from being frustrated and irritated to sure, powerful, and bloodthirsty. Hamlet begins speaking in a frustrated manner, beating himself up that although there is so much around him that should motivate him to take revenge against his uncle, he has not. Shakespeare’s diction, such as “dull” (4.4.35) and “beast” (4.4.37) show Hamlet’s disgust with only living like an animal, just sleeping and eating. Hamlet is frustrated since he has been lazy, which was not God’s intention. He cannot even fight for a worthy cause dear to his heart, but Fortinbras’ men die for a meaningless reason.
Red Badge of Courage Before the war Henry has romanticized ideas of glory and courage but when he nears war his courage falters and he tries to validation of his fear in his peers. When confronted with violence Henry is like a machine fighting off the enemy. This courage Henry had to stand his ground and fight disappeared at the second battle and Henry fled during the battle. The Red Badge of Courage follows Henry’s changing ideas of courage until he finds a lasting form of it. Henry search for courage leads searching for answers in his peers, through his imagination, and the dead bodies he comes across.
Yossarian is not a classic hero because, even though he performs heroic actions such as standing for the weak, having a bigger enemy, and overcoming a problem that tests his morals, ultimately he does not fit the stereotype of a hero, thus changing our perceptions of heroism. Catch-22 tells a story of an American bombardier who is at war. Yossarian isn’t the military man that goes to war and returns a war hero. Instead, he wants to get out of it because he hates the idea of war and people trying to kill him. He does anything to avoid his missions because he is simply scared of them.
In war soldiers aren't dreaming about glory or honor, all they dream about is to hide their feelings, and it they don't hide them then they feel embarrassed, and they experience soldier's greatest fear. Shame haunts down these soldiers during entire war. But in war shame also is a motivation for fighting better and being brave, because whenever a soldier is brave and good fighter he never experiences the blush of
Lt. Cross’s other character shortcoming is his emotional and personal inability to lead the Alpha Company. Cross zealously guards a picture of a girl named Martha, who is not even his girlfriend, to continue with his strong linkage to love as well as his livelihood. However, he fails to remember the connection between love and war in the plot. He depends upon his love for Martha as a huge escape from the reality of war. Unable to handle the combination of being in love as well as being in the war at the same time, his love for Martha arrays itself in his mind as fiction.
This guy wants to talk about it, but he can’t….” Bowker feels that he has lost a sense of purpose because of the war; he no longer has drive or ambition and this can be contributed to the horrific images and situations he experienced during the war. For O’ Brien, the war signified the death of his pride. He did not want to go to the war at first, but because of outside influences and the fear of possible consequences, he chose to go despite his beliefs. For these soldiers, death happens to more than just physical
However, Jake Barnes could never achieve and participate in this craze due to the injury he sustained during WWI. This damaged his self-esteem and due to the location of the injury, his masculinity, “Undressing, I looked at myself in the mirror...of all the ways to be wounded” (Hemingway 38). Maslow's hierarchy of needs states that one must achieve self-esteem before self-actualization. Therefore, “Jake will never achieve the psychological stability he craves because he finally accepts...philosophies about his injury...these ideas...will always leave him vulnerable to the fear that he will...be an invalid” (Fore). Not only does this ruin his self-esteem but ruins his relationships as well since he is impotent as a result.
This conversation goes on for a while before they realize everyone has a different opinion. Misopeliades tell the men that he thinks it’s a bad idea for Achilles to go and fight in war because he never does anything right. Misopeliades feels Achilles will only make things worse than what they are already. Misopeliades thinks he is only thinking of going to the war because he wants to be seen as respected by his people. The whole war wouldn’t be as bad if Achilles didn’t become so enraged over such a little situation.
The topic of PTSD is silence. PTSD is viewed as weakness as well as a dishonor (Sethnne). Due to the stigma, soldiers who have PTSD are in fear of losing their job because they are seen as unqualified. As soldiers who suffer from PTSD recall, “I never wanted to talk about my PTSD, as others might have thought of me as being “unstable,” “not cut out for the job”, or something similar, (Wizelmen 125).” Soldiers who suffer from vivid memories of the trauma they face remain silent due to the fears as well as the negative views the company they work for has on