Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other after World War 2. In the first place he lied about communists being in the U.S. senate. As stated in Sam Robert’s article, “News of McCarthy’s accusations against the state dept. of president Harry Truman sent shock waves across the nation.” McCarty’s statements made him look like a gallant anticommunist and gave him power. As a matter of fact, he was considered more of a witch hunter.
McCarthyism shed light to my eyes that there was more to Salem. Many people had ulterior motives their motives profited themselves. During McCarthyism many people had a reason not to sacrifice their career, so they accused others of communists. They did this to protect themselves. “ The FBI had long since infiltrated the Party,
Convict communists were ordered to confess their crime and name others to avoid the retribution. The new decision led to a cyclone of accusations because people realized the possibility of their condemnation regardless they were guilty or innocent. Many helped that system by untrue confessions to save their lives. Miller, among others, refused to surrender to questioning. People who were revealed communists suffered greatly (Bly 2-5).
In order to better understand the correlation between The Crucible and to Joseph McCarthy’s claims, we must better understand the accusations of McCarthy. Joseph McCarthy took on an aggressive campaign towards communism, he made several accusations that government workers were secretly communist. Although he never proved these accusations he provoked hysteria and paranoia which led to negative impact on politics and diplomacy. Soon after, McCarthyism became a term to describe accusing without evidence. “In a narrow sense McCarthyism is the name given to the attitudes and practices of Senator Joseph McCarthy (1908-57) and his followers engrossed in investigating and purging purported security risks, especially those supposedly with ties present or former, actual or imagined, to Communist groups and governments during the late 1940s and early
The purpose of McKnight’s book is to provide profound substance to “view the most thorough and devastating dissection” of the Commission 's work to date echoing the sentiment that “the Warren Commission largely failed in its duty to our nation” (McKnight 8). He contends The Warren Report was “little more than the capstone to a deceptive and shoddily improvised exercise in public relations” designed to prove that Oswald had acted alone (McKnight 12). Furthermore, McKnight argues that the Warren Commission 's own documents and collected testimony as well as thousands of other items it refused to see, or actively suppressed, reveal two conspiracies: the murky one surrounding the assassination itself and the official one that covered it up. The value of this book is that it is based on more than a quarter-million pages of government documents and the fifty thousand file cards in the Dallas FBI 's "Special Index”, becoming the starting point for future debate on the assassination (McKnight 1). The limitations of this books is that McKnight restricted his discussion primarily to Warren Commission findings, sidestepping later research supporting the Oswald-acted-alone scenario, particularly Gerald Posner 's 1993 study Case Closed, which answered most
In both the play The Crucible and the film Good Night and Good Luck, the characters reflect the people during the Red Scare of the 1950’s and the Salem witch hunts of the 1600’s. Even though in different time periods, both events caused controversy and chaos that made people very afraid of having a communist or witch reputation. Both Edward Murrow and John Proctor are similar in the manner that they both fight against the government’s power. For example, Proctor was against Judge Danforth because he was accused of association with the devil, just like Murrow was accused of communism by Senator McCarthy. Both were willing to stand up against hysteria even if it would ruin their reputation.
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other by spreading the fear of Communism. Senator McCarthy informed the citizens of America about Communist spies deep within our government on February 10, 1950. He states “ I have here in hand list of 205-a list of names that were made known to the secretary of state as being a member of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the state Department.” This quote proves that McCarthy did infact say to the public that there were Communist spies in the United States. It spread fear into the citizens because they were afraid that the country will turn Communist because of the Russian spies in the government.
Unfortunately the CIA had created the plans before Kennedy was in office, and they did not share all of the information with him and manipulated him into approving it. The blame for this failure lies with both Kennedy and the CIA. The motivation behind the invasion was the United States’ tremendous fear of communism. “I mean, now we look back on that and it can seem sort of ridiculous that we ever had a time when we thought the Communists were going to take over the world. But that is indeed what most Americans thought at the time” (Rasenberg 1).
The Trials of 1692 were a perfect way for Miller to express his thoughts about the hunt for communists in the U.S. as Americans let fear control them causing fellow neighbors to suspect each other and ignore one another 's civil rights and as stated by History.com “ the Red Scare – is often cited as an example of how unfounded fears can compromise civil liberties”(History.com “Red Scare”) . The attitude of the 50 's also helped to play a vital part in how Miller came to choose to write about the trials as Americans branded communists were as stated by History.com “hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs.”(History.com “Red Scare”), Miller lived in a world that was teetering on the edge of fear. His writings about the Salem Witch Trials expressed Martinez 2 just how fear of the unknown can influence and cause people to commit atrocities which can lead to the persecution of innocents. However, it may have been the fear developed inside of those who
The Cold War had disconnected and slandered Soviets in American culture. The political witch-chase which occurred under the lead of Senator McCarthy imprisoned many suspected Communist foes for simply practicing their First Amendment rights to the right to speak freely and opportunity of the press. Americans got to fear doing anything that may make them the objectives of Federal examination by associations like the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). Daily paper editors and book writers became perplexed of distributed articles condemning of the administration in apprehension that they may be blamed for being Communist sympathizers and put in prison. A well known political toon from the 1950s shows Senator McCarthy stifling the Torch of Liberty.
During the Cold war, between Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(USSR) and the United States, fear of communism had increased drastically. Americans feared that communists were working inside their Government and inside their country to change their way of living, This new found fear was called the Red Scare. The Red Scare had spread so quickly people accused their neighbors and friends to be communists. Soon enough even the government was deemed untrustworthy. When someone would verify that they were not communist or inform the Government of suspicious communist activity, they were considered friendly.