With all of the events that took place during this time, they all added up to cause a scare in America at the time. I believe that McCarthy was the main cause of the Red Scare because of his accusations of many American people. McCarthy accused American citizens as well as the United States government while HUAC only accused Hollywood
Can the fear of people control the way certain things and events are looked at? In 1950 a nationwide historical campaign called McCarthyism took place. The campaign was against alleged communist in the U.S government and other institutions and accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence which was carried out by Joseph McCarthy. The primary targets were usually union activist, government employees, educators, and entertainment industry. Many people people lost their trust in others, causing a new outlook on life while relationships were destroyed. McCarthyism was caused by the fear of the people due to past events.
Joseph McCarthy, born on November 14th, 1908 in Grand, Chute Wisconsin was a U.S senator that was elected in 1946. In 1950, he was famous for making a public charge that 205 communists infested the State Department. From 1953 to 1957, Joseph McCarthy was married to his wife, Jean kerr and they had a child named Tierney Elizabeth McCarthy. In 1935, he earned a law degree from Marquette University and became one of the youngest circuit court judge in Wisconsin’s history. Despite of this achievement and in order to benefit his political career later, he quitted his job and joined the Marines during World War 2.
When Miller wrote The Crucible it was during the time of McCarthyism which occurred in the 1950 's. McCarthyism appeared because of Joseph McCarthy, he believed that there were communist people who had prominent roles in the US and felt they should be investigated and removed. While McCarthy was investigating the safeguards from the Constitution were forgotten about. When he introduced the idea of communism in Americas high ranking people, President Truman began doing background checks on everyone who was in service for the government. After Alger Hiss, a high-ranking State Department official, being classified as a communist, McCarthy began to feed/capitalized of the fear of the people and stated there were communist spies and he was there
Reflection of this conflict was apparent in the American ethos, in which Americans feared that if “world communism captur[ed] any American state…a new and perilous front…will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater sacrifices from the American people” (Document B). As illustrated by Eisenhower, “the hysteria” of communism propagating into American society and threatening the American way of life was a very prevalent fear at the forefront of the Cold War (Document A). McCarthyism, a system established by Senator Joseph McCarthy in which he made unsubstantiated accusations of subversion or treason to America, acted as the culmination of this hysteria, directly reflecting the sentiments driving the American people. Eisenhower did not engage in any domestic policies to quell these “multiplicity of fears” (Document A). Instead he compounded them with legislation such as the “National System of Interstate and Defense Highways…connect[ing] 209 of the 247 cities having a population of 50,00 more and [serving as] the country’s principal…defense” (Document D).
The U.S. formed the House of Un-American Activities, which checked just about every foreign person for them being a spy. This action made every foreigner a suspect. On top of that the HUAC would attack anyone in their way and claim it was justified because they feared the Communists invading their nation. So domestic wise the
The spread of communism had always been an issue in the United States. Once World War II had ended, the United States faced another period of fear about the spread of communism and the fear of over throwing the government. U. S Senator Joseph McCarthy felt that there were communist agents in the government so the Federal Government created a program that required all employees to take loyalty oaths. Alleged communist spies were called forth to give a testimony before a Senate subcommittees. These hearings started to create court dramas that filled the media.
McCarthyism. McCarthyism was used to eliminate the danger of American communism because people believed Soviet puppets might subvert the government, steal official secrets, and sabotage the army. By late 1950 's, many men and women had lost their jobs, have been deported, or placed in jail. McCarthyism was powerful because different agencies and individuals took a part of the process.
The National Lawyers Guild is an organization that was established in 1936 by a coalition of left-wing and liberal attorneys who wanted to combat the conservatism of the mainstream American bar association. Although communists were active in this organization, so were many devoted non-communist civil libertarians and progressives. However, the NLG had criticized the FBI for many years, which made it a large target when the bureau conducted a massive campaign of illegal surveillance in an attempt to find and eliminate communists from unions and left-wing
Joseph McCarthy is one of the main reasons why the Second Red Scare had become such a big and bad thing. During the McCarthy era, thousands of Americans were accused of being communists or communist sympathizers and became the subject of aggressive investigations and questioning before government or private-industry panels, committees and agencies. The main targets of these suspicions were government employees, people who were in the entertainment industry, teachers, and union activists. Many people suffered the loss of their jobs, some of them were even arrested. Another way that McCarthyism had changed American politics was through HUAC, a committee that was originally made in 1938, but was brought back into the light when McCarthy used it to investigate possible Soviet spies, or communists, that could have been infiltrating the U.S.
The difference between the Red Scare in the 1940’s and the 1920’s, you had the Red Scare of 1940’s all about the characteristic of the affluent society when the people were in constant fear. Fear of nuclear bombs, nuclear weapons, fear of spies and politicians who were taking advantage of that fear. There was that constant fear of infiltration and espionage from the communists that made everyone always on the edge. You had working class people moving up to middle class, becoming all about materialistic things. Going up economically began to change the people in the society.
Blocking freedom of speech in America is as detrimental as a traffic jam in Los Angeles. Once the traffic jam clears, some are given the chance to speed out of the untidy heap of cars while others are left behind and made late to work or school. On February 24, 1969 three Iowan students revolutionized freedom of speech. The case was called Tinker v. Des Moines which addressed if the First Amendment applied to students in a school setting. Consequently, the landmark case has been a tremendous influence on modern cases and issues pertaining to First Amendment rights.
Widespread fear during the Cold War produced a restraint of freedoms in the United States, including freedom of speech and freedom of political association. The Cold War brought feelings of the fear of communism to head with McCarthyism and the House Un-American Activities Council (HUAC), which led to the restriction of political association. HUAC investigated the alleged communist influence in Hollywood. In Trumbo, HUAC questioned Dalton Trumbo and the Hollywood Ten because they supposedly inserted propaganda for the Communist Party into films.
The Red Scare Analysis During the rise of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union had been brought into an alliance due to both of their desires to defeat Nazi, Germany. Although the Soviet Union’s aggressive, antidemocratic policy towards Europe created tensions even before World War II had ended. That being said, they tolerated each other as much as they could but weren’t exactly friends. The United States government was initially hostile to the Soviet leaders for their decision to take Russia out of World War I and was opposed to a state ideologically based on communism. The main conflict between them was their inability to agree about communism.