The post-World War I and World War II worlds created a new outlook on life. The peace in these post-war worlds was shaken by fear of communist takeovers. As well as the fear of how these rumored communist-or Bolsheviks- would affect American views on gender and family relations. The first Red Scare occurred after World War I.
Communism in the Cold War "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want, they spread and grow in the evil soil of the poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." as said by Harry S. Truman on march 12, 1947 in The Truman Doctrine.
Reflection of this conflict was apparent in the American ethos, in which Americans feared that if “world communism captur[ed] any American state…a new and perilous front…will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater sacrifices from the American people” (Document B). As illustrated by Eisenhower, “the hysteria” of communism propagating into American society and threatening the American way of life was a very prevalent fear at the forefront of the Cold War (Document A). McCarthyism, a system established by Senator Joseph McCarthy in which he made unsubstantiated accusations of subversion or treason to America, acted as the culmination of this hysteria, directly reflecting the sentiments driving the American people. Eisenhower did not engage in any domestic policies to quell these “multiplicity of fears” (Document A). Instead he compounded them with legislation such as the “National System of Interstate and Defense Highways…connect[ing] 209 of the 247 cities having a population of 50,00 more and [serving as] the country’s principal…defense” (Document D).
Nobody dared to contradict them out of fear, fear of being accused. Both Abigail and McCarthy brainwash society by saying we must purge our society of this evil made society believes that they were serving a greater purpose in both events people were blinded and Took in over by fear they were afraid of being tainted by the evil one they would have believed that their own mother/father was a communist year which is the finger of truth pointed that way The moral code was very strict in the 1950s and during the events in Salem is not followed you to have to deal with being communists are which and that would either get you killed hanged or
By accusing the Army of treason, he lost respect in the population and bad opinions spread around, ruining his power streak. This risk prevented these kinds of people from succumbing to actions that would sabotage their reputation. In addition, McCarthyism allowed these kinds of nasty people, such as McCarthy, to act upon unsightly desires. Therefore, the McCarthy trials encouraged the conflict between
McCarthyism resulted in Americans turning against each other because of politicians greed for power, paranoia, and the fear of communist infiltration. Clearly, Senator McCarthy’s greed for political power led to American citizens’ unrest. In Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, John Proctor dealt with the corruption of power in his town when Abigail Williams and many other girls accused those, who were innocent, of witchcraft. Similarly, americans were being blacklisted by McCarthy because they believed these people may have
The book lays out details of how regular Americans to politicians and celebrities were being accused of being communists, having connections to communists or advocating freely to be communist. The book also shows the effect of Joseph McCarthy to the public during the McCarthy era, as he was the direct cause of publicizing ordinary to well-known Americans to communist ties, as the effects of publicizing brought what is known as the “Red Scare” in the United States and Americans feared communism. I choose to read Nightmare In Red for
During Khrushchev’s time, he proposed a “de-Stalinization” to the country, including revealing Stalin’s action on purge and criticizing on Stalin’s personal cult and the harm it did to this country. This report is known as the “secret speech”, and is quite a shocker within the government and the society. The idea stressed by Khrushchev in
Thus, they used force to crush these revolts. However, the strike marked a starting point for a change in labor relations and American identity. In conclusion, the Pullman Strike of 1894 was instrumental in changing American labor relations. Prior to the strike, the government always tended to side with the owners against the workers.
After 1938, Republicans took over the Senate, and FDR was not able to get any more New Deal legislation through. State governments opposed the New Deal, saying that the Federal government was taking their powers. The supreme court ruled that the NRA codes of employers’ conduct, and the AAA programmer were illegal because they took away the States powers. Because of this in 1937, FDR had threatened to force old Supreme Court judges to retire and to create new ones the crisis was averted when the Supreme Court reversed its decisions.
With all of the events that took place during this time, they all added up to cause a scare in America at the time. I believe that McCarthy was the main cause of the Red Scare because of his accusations of many American people. McCarthy accused American citizens as well as the United States government while HUAC only accused Hollywood
(Schrecker 105). This is because, as seen in the example of McCarthyism, with the demise of the left-led unions and organizations, the nation lost the network that created a public space where legitimate alternatives to the status quo could be presented. In addition, moderate reform groups were now exposed to right-wing attacks, which rendered them less effective. Schrecker also said, “Moderates feared being identified with anything that seemed too radical, and people to the left of them were either unheard or under attack.” (Schrecker 105).
This made people think that Stalin and Lenin were close friends, which was actually not the case at all (Ronald). This helped kick Trotsky out of the competition, and gave Stalin a huge
When Miller wrote The Crucible it was during the time of McCarthyism which occurred in the 1950 's. McCarthyism appeared because of Joseph McCarthy, he believed that there were communist people who had prominent roles in the US and felt they should be investigated and removed. While McCarthy was investigating the safeguards from the Constitution were forgotten about. When he introduced the idea of communism in Americas high ranking people, President Truman began doing background checks on everyone who was in service for the government. After Alger Hiss, a high-ranking State Department official, being classified as a communist, McCarthy began to feed/capitalized of the fear of the people and stated there were communist spies and he was there
The Cold War was a time where the citizens of the United States lived in fear. During the nuclear arms race in the 1950’s, the Student Peace Union (SPU) strongly “desired a restructuring of the American society” and fewer nuclear weapons. The result of fewer nuclear weapons would mean the end of the Cold War and the Red Scare. At the time of the Red Scare Joseph McCarthy, an American politician from 1947 to 1957, strengthened the fear of the American people with his methods of McCarthyism. McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.