This is common for those that reside amongst red tides because they are constantly inhaling the brevetoxins in the atmosphere. Furthermore, neurological and gastrointestinal problems occur as a result of ingesting toxic shellfish, fish, molluscs, clams, and other marine life that have become infested by the brevetoxins. This leads to the different types of poisonings caused by fish, including PSP, ASP, DSP, and NSP, each having distinct symptoms according to the toxin they were produced by. Marine life has also been impacted by red tides, specifically by the harmful toxins that HABs produce, which has lead to the deaths of manatees, bottlenose dolphins,
Thus, wastes from offshore drilling can accumulate on the sea floor causing disabilities to the aquatic animals such as, malformation, genetic damage, and mortality in fish embryos. Marine organisms that live near an existing oil spill area are usually exposed to pollution in the form of
Luther King says in "9 Interesting Facts and Statistics about Littering", 1.9 billion tons of litter end up in the ocean. The ocean is another ecosystem made up of many diverse animals and plants. In “ 5 Ways Pollution Is Killing Animals”, Abigail Geer tells us that there are many things that can pollute the water ranging from noise, chemical and acid runoff, waste water and oils. All of these types of pollutions are affecting the marine life drastically. Abigail tells us that noise pollution is hurting animals that use sonar to get around are becoming closer to extinction.
Examples of negative local practices are the usage of poison/explosives and overfishing. Overfishing as the name suggests, is fishing a certain fish to an excess amount, decimating the population. This could put multiple organisms’ populations at risk and populations may possibly go extinct. Another practice that negatively impacts the ocean is the usage of poison and explosives. Obviously, the poison that is used in fishing (mainly cyanide) is harmful for the ocean because it may poison other fish over the years.
This can result in lung, kidney, and liver damage, as well as death from toxins. Oil spills also have indirect effects on these mammals, such as habitat loss and a diminishing food supply. Lastly, the oil slicks can make animals blind from continuous exposure. Because oil spills cause so much damage, many marine mammals die because of it. Whales, including dolphins,
Invasive species in any given environment have the potential to mess up with the entire food web or life cycle in a given area. Because invasive species are foreign and not natural a change in the norm can result in a species being totally killed off, or growing uncontrollably. For example, a freshwater mussel know as the zebra mussel was introduced by ships coming back from Europe and now are widespread in the Great Lakes and Mississippi River. This leads to clogging irrigation pipes and the reduce food availability for larval fish. Another example, would be lionfish.
This is unsafe for one reason, which is toxins. The scientific name is known as Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning or (PSP). Starting off, paralytic shellfish poisoning is a silent killer. Paralytic poisoning is an illness caused from eating shellfish that have been exposed to dinoflagellate algae ("Paralytic Shellfish" 2 . This is a natural occurring toxin, that is caused by some types of microscopic algae.
Coral bleaching is when the animals that build the coral shed the algae that give them their color and is necessary for survival. Coral bleaching is suspected to happen by two different ways. The first is due to warmer water. The coral needs to be in certain temperature in order to maintain its life. The second way is due to pollution.
Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world. Most of the waste produced on land is either intentionally or unconsciously discharged into the oceans. Marine pollution and aquatic debris can utterly destroy the oceans causing extinction of the marine creatures. Innovative techniques should be implemented in the law to prevent the marine environment from any further damage. In order to improve the marine environment, the government and the Environment Public Authority of Kuwait should take immediate actions that can influence the society and help in minimizing aquatic debris and pollution.
Over 1 million birds, and up to 5,000 marine mammals also lost their lives in the disaster. Fish caught in the aftermath of the oil spill had lesions, their larvae were contaminated- leading to heart defects and death, and century old deep-sea coral was extensively damaged. Oysters are a particularly important part of healthy costal ecosystems and salty waters are a necessary and vital component for oysters to survive. In an effort to reduce the spread of oil along the coast during the BP oil spill, the state of Louisiana poured large volumes of fresh water into the sea, which inadvertently decreased salinity in the water, believed to have killed even more oysters than the actual event. In “Oil spill: Gulf oysters vanish after 2010 spill,” Stacey Plaisance states, “Louisiana 's public reefs typically would produce anywhere from 3 million to 7 million pounds of oyster meat a year.