Extreme Poverty Reduction

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`There is a meaningful reduction in extreme poverty over the last 25 years. In 1990, almost fifty percent of the population in developing nations lived on less than $1.25 a day. As of 2015, that proportion has dropped to about fourteen percent. Also it is worthy to note that the number of people living in extreme poverty worldwide has reduced by more than fifty percent. In 1990, 1.9 billion people were reviewed to be living in extreme poverty, compared to 836 million in 2015. Most progress was evident in the new millennium. The number of people living on more than $4 a day, that is those in the middle class has nearly tripled between 1991 and 2015. In 1991, this group made only eighteen percent of the population, and rose to about fifty percent…show more content…
At the very least, the average proportion of women in parliament increased by nearly 100 percent during the last 20 years, yet this still translates to one woman for every five men. There is a forty five percent reduction in the maternity mortality ratio worldwide since 1990, though most of the reduction occurred since 2000. A 64 percent reduction in maternal mortality ratio in Southern Asia between 1990 and 2013, and 49 percent in sub-Saharan Africa. A 12 percent increase in the number of births assisted by skilled health personnel globally in 2014 compared to 1990 – 59 percent to 71 percent which reveals that more people are trained on do the appropriate things during pregnancy delivery and to call for help as the need arise. An increase in the percentage of pregnant women getting four or more antenatal visits in North Africa from 50 percent in 1990 to 89 percent in 2014. There is increase awareness on the use of contraceptive among females aged 15 to 49 years old whether married or in some other union or as long as they are sexually active, from 55 to 64 percent between 1990 and…show more content…
The tuberculosis mortality rate also reduced by 45 percent between 1990 and 2013, while the prevalence rate reduced by 41 percent within that same time period. There has been the complete elimination of ozone-depleting substances since 1990. Subsequently, the ozone layer is meant to recover by around the middle of the century. The number of people using value-added drinking water sources has increased from 76 percent in 1990 to 91 percent in 2015. About 2.6 billion people had access to portable drinking water since 1990, which out of this, 1.9 billion had access to drinking water on premises, with about 58 percent of the global population enjoying this level of service in 2015. About 147 nations in the world have fulfilled the drinking water target, about 95 nations have achieved the sanitation target and about 77 nations have met both. It is also important to note that about 2.1 billion people in the universe have gained access to improved sanitation and environmental gradation. (MDG MONITOR
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