It plays a major role in our day to day life. “ Language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives. We use language to inform the people around us of what we feel, what we desire, and for questioning and understanding the world around us. We communicate effectively with our words, gestures, and tone of voice in a multitude of situation” (Science museum). After the language started to evolve and involve with the everyday life of human beings, it started developing day by day.
Many people would agree that language is something that makes people conscious beings. A person can use it for communication, an essential tool for sharing ideas that massively contributed to the development of the human civilization. Moreover, there are many ways to express oneself with a help of words. Furthermore, the quality of language depends on knowledge. If a person knows words, definitions, language structure, can read and write, it gives an individual an immense scope of possibilities, from reading books to writing letters, as well as delivering speeches.
People often find difficulties and feel uncomfortable when they learn foreign language. Because, people’s thought, this is both time consuming and troublesome. Today, with the world’s borders more porous than ever, having a second language brings many advantages for people. Especially, students, who are studying a lot of subjects at school, are a group that usually approaches with languages. Moreover, it has been believed that it is easier for children to learn a second language, the average age is probably between 3 to 6 (Gove, 2012).
Language is the primary way by which we conduct our social lives and communicate with one another. And in terms of communication, language is intertwined with culture and identity. The words people speak refer to shared experiences. The words used express ideas, events, facts, and really anything because they are connected to a base set of knowledge which everyone a part of the culture knows and understands. Members of a linguistic community do not only convey experience, they construct it.
INTRODUCTION: Language occupies a significant position in human life. Everyone makes use of it, be he a beggar or a king. From birth to death, we are surrounded by it. Language is a means of communication. It is the medium by which thoughts are conveyed from one person to another.
Language does not come into being overnight; it evolves over a period of time. Some Linguists has defined language as : "Language is a system of conventional, spoken or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture , communicate." The language activity has three important levels : substance , form, and context. Substance is the raw material of language that may be phonic (audition) or graphic (visual or written). Form is the internal structure.
1.1 Background The word language comes from the Latin word Lingua, which has meaning “tongue”. The tongue is used in more sound combinations rather than any other organ of speech. Language is very important in our life, to express our idea or though with each other. People need to communicate with each other because they cannot stand alone without have contact with other people. In communication, of course they need language to communicate their ideas or thoughts.
How do we perceive the world around us through language? Does language reflect the world around us or does it create it? This is the question I asked myself when thinking about the way we use language in our daily life. So, what do I mean with “reflecting” or “creating” the world? With reflecting the world I mean that the main purpose of language is explaining what we touch, taste, feel, hear and see around us in our daily life.
Language is a system of communication. It is a process of exchanging messages and creating meanings. There are four steps in which language can be described; the first one is to share and to understand, the second step is to converse, the third is to collaborate that is thinking, planning and making decisions and the last is the co-creation which is the joint activity, making and doing it together. Metaphorically, we call language as ‘communication’. This communication is not really limited to only words and the combination of words into sentences.