Stress can affect people of all ages, genders and circumstances and can lead to both physical and psychological health issues. Stress is any uncomfortable emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical effects, physiological effects, cognitive effects, and behavioural effects that might influence health (Baum 1990; Steptoe and Ayers, 2005; Taylor, 2006). These predictable effects on the body depend on how an individual appraise an event, thus, the way an individual perceive an event contribute significantly towards the determination of whether an event is stressful or not and also a determinant of the level of susceptibility to stress-related diseases (Lupien et al., 2009; McEwen, 2009). Generally, events appraised as stressful include; salient events, event overload, ambiguous event and uncontrollable events (Foreshaw, 2006; Steptoe and Ayers, 2005). Stressful events are termed as stressors: a stressor is any real or perceived physical, social, or psychological event or stimulus that causes our bodies to react or respond (Glanz & Schwartz, 2008).
Hence, stress comes when the body tries to respond to such threats. However, causes of stress are either due to good or bad experience. In addition, different studies show that stress can either be healthy or unhealthy to an individual depending on its type. Causes of Stress Notably, people of all ages experience stress. That is school children, working adults and the elderly as well.
Everyone encounters mental stress from day to day, from major life events to daily hassles. In this paper, both negative and positive effects of stress exercised on human physiological health is investigated. Effects of stress on the immune system, role as a cancer accelerator, pain inducer and cardiac disease initiator is researched upon. Although there are a number of researches supporting both positive and negative effects on human bodies, it is clear that stress can pose severe and even lethal effects on the human body when humans are exposed to stress for a long time. Stress can have an adverse impact on one’s immune system.
Stress is defined as “the brain’s response to any demand” according to The National Institute of Mental Health, which means it is how the brain reacts in a situation or events. Stress could be positive depending on the situation, not always negative. Many of us have realized that getting pressurized in a situation which leads to stress pushed us to give the best result. This is because the brain detected a real threat and quickly releases hormones that encourage us to protect ourselves. Besides that stress have its side effects on humans.
He states that emotion plays a key role in memory formation. As we are experiencing something our emotions will trigger release of hormones, if we are under stress, the hormone that is going to be released is cortisol, often called the stress hormone. If we are happy, dopamine (happiness hormone) will be released etc. The hormones will then signal our brain that something important is happening and a memory will be made accordingly (311). Thus, depending on the intensiveness of emotion and the type of hormone that is released while we are experiencing something, different types of memories will be formed.
Too much of any of these is an awful thing that causes violence, depression, and insecurities for most people today. Unlike other emotions, these emotions have a negative connotation that shows us the importance of emotional intelligence, emotional skill, and self-awareness. Without knowledge of our emotional states we would not have been able to cure mental health patients, depression, anger, and anxiety which has been treated more now than it did 100 years ago. Moreover, emotional intelligence allows us to understand the grasp and depth of our emotions where we control them in such a manner that allows us to stay focused on the task at hand, and be able to communicate with others without any feelings affecting our responses. Emotional intelligence is comprised of
In most cases we have a tendency to master these challenges but there area unit times once the challenges exceed our capability to adapt. this can be wherever stress develops. Stress is an interior state which may be caused by physical demands on the body or by environmental and social things that area unit probably harmful. Stress disrupts emotional stability, psychological feature functioning and our traditional physiological activities. From time out of mind disagreeable events are recognized as vital parts that develop a spread of mental and physical sickness.
The well-being of an individual is a very important factor in psychology as the health determines whether the individual needs psychological help or some areas of rest. Psychology allows people to understand more about how the body and mind work together. This knowledge can help with the decision-making and avoiding stressful situations. It can help with time management, setting and achieving goals, and living effectively. The science not only allows people to be more successful but it can also impact their health.
It can increase or reduce our stress, which in turn impacts our bodies. What you are seeing, hearing, experiencing at any moment is changing not only your mood, but how your nerve system and immune systems are working. The stress of an unpleasant environment can cause you to feel anxious, sad or helpless. This in turn elevates your blood pressure, heart rate, and muscle tension and suppresses your immune system. A pleasing environment reverses that.
This fear is often accompanied by a variety of physical and emotional reaction that can significantly interfere with a person’s ability to successfully give a speech or presentation, including intense feelings of anxiety, worry, nervousness, trembling or shaking, sweating and dizziness.” According to Winconsin’s polytechnic University. Public speaking anxiety is a psychological response and also analyzed as social anxiety disorder which is non-generalized type at clinical levels. It is also related with significant distress and impairment in a substantial portion on the population (Aderka et. Al., 2012). In a simple manner it is hard to defines, as it depends on their unique references.