Academic achievement is considered by scholars as one of the main goals for the school-age children (García Coll & Szalacha, 2004). According to modern theories, child development and his progress in school is related to some personal factors such as gender, socio-economic background of the family, the interaction of the child with the family environment, and family cooperation with the school (Bronfenbrenner, 1998, Cicchetti & Toth, 2000, Eitle 2005, Jacobs & Harvey, 2005). One of the most comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding the development of the child and their academic achievements is the theory of Epstein (1997, 2005, 2011) known differently as the model of overlapping spheres. This model is focused on the roles that
Guidance and Redirection as a curriculum Guidance and redirection foster socialization and strengthen security by providing children with boundaries and choices with set limits and guide behaviour. When children are consistently led toward safe boundaries, they build trust (Erik Erikson- psychosocial theory). Redirecting behaviours teaches children what to do, rather than what not to do. As children make more positive choices, they develop their self-esteem. Use words with every child to state the class rules that help guide behaviours: “Hitting hurts – hands are for touching,” “No biting!
Adulthood is also of psychological and personal development by which time it is assumed that individuals have established their identity and are well on their way to being independent, responsible, self-disciplined and purposeful. Weitzman (1972) states that: “through books, children learn about what boys and girls say and feel. They learn about what is wrong and they learn what is expected of children their age. In addition, books provide children with role models and images of what they can and should become when they grow
One of the theories I will use while explaining Anakin’s personality is attachment theory. According to Blalock et al. (2015), attachment theory, developed by John Bowlby, conceptualizes the universal human need to form close, affectionate bonds. He identified attachment behavioral system which basically drives infants to achieve proximity to attachment figures usually the primary caregivers. As the infant develops more security, the proximity of caregiver will be a safe zone for him/her to explore around them.
Becoming Attached What is your "take-away" message of this text regarding attachment? After reading Becoming Attached, I gained a deeper understanding of how important healthy attachments are early in life. As a future school counselor, I can see more of how important attachments are and knowing who a child has formed a secure attachment too or even if they have a healthy attachment to someone. A chapter that stood out to me was Chapter 4. This chapter discussed one of Bowlby's papers on thieving children.
The home and school coming together is critical for student improvement and success. Portfolio assessment gives active participation by describing the projected outcomes, advantages, characteristics, and format of portfolio assessment, it also can help parents begin to understand the process and purposes. Teachers who invite parents to participate in to help with the portfolio assessment brings a positive efforts of their children help and parents also developed a better understanding of the process of developing their child to be at a mastery level. It helps parents appreciate the strengths and growth of which children have developed as well as to better understand the need for the support and various kinds of activities and instruction you are providing when it comes to portfolio
This essay will explore what attachment theory is and its implications for the social and emotional world of the child and also highlight one of the government policy that supports positive parent and child relationships. FORMATION OF ATTACHMENT John Bowlby (1907-1990) was a British Psychiatrist who originally highlighted the important of a a child’s attachment relationship. He was influenced by the theory of ethology and the study of imprinting by Lorenze (1935). Used ducklings to prove that attachment was innate and has survival value. Other theorist also emphasis on the reason children are attached to their caregivers.
Having a better understanding on if this behavior is happening at home, or at school as well, may narrow down how often the behavior is occurring, and if there is something at school that is triggering the behavior to carry over into the home. Our textbook states that each relationship is more likely to support a child's development when there are links between home and child care, in the form of visits and cooperative exchanges of
Moreover these 3A’s are interdependent (Elizabeth B. Hurlock, 1980). If a person receives affection and acceptance from his parents, he will try to achieve a lot in his life and vice versa and so on. So parents’ acceptance is very important for a child and the researches also show this importance, as in the research (Harter, 1998; Ryan et.al, 1995; Sroufe and Waters, 1977) determined that the parents’ behaviour influence child’s academic performance. Another research conducted on secondary school going students showed considerable relationship between perceived parental acceptance score and children’s academic performance (Aize Obayan and Kareem Jimah-Cook, 1992). This shows that children do get affected by their parents’ behaviour towards them.
To better understand the student-teacher relationship and its impact on educational functioning, it is useful to understand Attachment Theory and its influence on the parent-child relationship. Attachment is a theoretical framework researchers are using to better understand how children develop positive working relationships with their teachers. Attachment theory, as first described by Bowlby (1962), is a dyadic relationship between the child and his caregiver that impacts how the child learns to navigate his environment, establish interpersonal relations, and develop a sense of personal worth. Effective interactions will allow the child to develop a sense of security in the context of relationships and fosters an exploration of the child’s immediate world, both physical and interpersonal (La Paro, Payne, Cox, & Bradley, 2002). Howes & Ritchie (2002) noted that the caregiver’s responsiveness, emotional availability, and effective communication to the child all play a critical role in developing the child’s attachment style.