Another quote is " Assessment has several important purposes, including informing how teachers plan learning experiences, identifying areas of learning and development where children may need support or extension, to make valued learning visible, and integrating learning with curriculum and program provision" (Mclachlan). The author is making clear with assessments it is helping everyone because there is a major meaning to having them. It shows the way teachers communicate planned learning experiences to prepare for test. To represent how the teacher prepares the students to learn the components that are going to be on the test. Like stated before, it gives the teacher to see where the students ' strong points are or where their weaknesses are and need to work on that specific topic.
According to these principles, assessment for learning should be: (1) part of effective planning of learning and teaching, (2) concentrating on how students learn; (3) central to classroom practice; (4) considered as key professional skill for teachers; (5) sensitive and constructive because of its having an emotional impact; (6) taking account of the importance of learners’ motivation; (7) promoting commitment to learning goals and a shared understanding of the criteria; (8) helping learners to receive constructive guidance about how to improve their learning; (9) improving learners’ capacity for self-assessment in order that they can become reflective and self-managing; and (10) recognizing the full range of achievements of all
The concept of learning is changing from lecturers teaching to student learning. The assumption of this shift is based on students who are expected to improve their ability in enriching knowledge, attitudes and skills based on competencies in the curriculum. Thus, it can be said that student activeness is an indicator of meaningful learning. Meaningful learning is an approach in the management of learning systems through active learning ways toward independent learning. The ability to learn independently is the ultimate goal of meaningful learning.
Therefore active learning is an activity that engages students in doing something besides listening to a teacher. Students’ must make what they learned as part of themselves. Therefore use of active learning in the classroom help increase students’ engagement. It also helps those students who struggles in the learning. Every part of active learning can engage students actively in the class.
These standards and related guidelines identify the issues to consider when exercising the professional judgment required for fair and equitable classroom assessment for all students. The results from classroom assessments that adhere to these standards and guidelines can then be used by teachers, students, and, where appropriate, parents/guardians, to better foster student learning. Accurate and true evidence on student achievement is widely understood to be important for effective teaching, as it become an
Cooperative learning was seen as a vehicle for increasing students' active involvement in learning activities and having students take more responsibility for managing their own instruction. (Stevens, R; & Slavin, R; 1995, p. 322). Cooperative learning comprises “instructional methods in which teachers organize students into small groups, which then work together to help one another learn academic content”. (Slavin 2011, p. 344). Cooperative learning methods generally involve heterogeneous groups working together on tasks that are deliberately structured to provide specific assignments and individual contributions from each group member.
in addition to, the learning environment must include a skilled teacher who facilitates the learning process, fulfills the needs of his students and cares for their wishes and aspirations to achieve the goals of the educational process. Providing all of this, will create the best learning environment which will reflect on the learner 's progress. What makes me think like this and arises the questions that I
iii. Student Interaction: The most important roles teachers play involve interacting with students. Teachers should be leaders in the classroom and in the school, earning the respect of students and setting a positive example. A teacher has the power to build up or tear down a student 's self-esteem and make a student 's day or mar it. When interacting with students, a teacher should therefore fill the role of a counselor, a surrogate parent, a nutritionist and someone who has the best interests of every child at heart.
So, any communication method that serves the learning needs of their students. Effective teacher uses techniques that best serve the learning needs of their students. Teachers should explore, study and implement the students based learning and teaching techniques in the development of the curriculum, creating a creative learning environment and implementing the planned lesson in their classroom. The teacher should know their duties and responsibilities favourable the students. Effective teacher should help their students to learn on their own as well as with and from others.
Assessment is important in Social Studies because it gives the teacher a sense as to what level their students are at. It also acts as a prerequisite for teachers to reflect on how effective their teaching strategies are, and for self review. The effective gathering and use of assessment data has a strong influence on students’ achievement. Once assessment is used appropriately be it formative or summative it can also have a positive impact on students’ motivation and self-esteem which they are more likely to make accurate judgements about student