Evaluation and Critical Engagement Based on my evaluation on both school of thoughts, I agree with perspective one side. I agree with perspective one, which is about the two systems of cognitive processes because it is relatable, and it makes clear sense. When a problem arises, people do not want to take the time to breakdown situation into pieces when they know a simpler solution is already made. Which leads to system 1 thinking where quick estimates, habits of thought and behavior and heuristics are held. Critical thinking would not be used to decide on which fast food joint to go to for dinner, it could be used but it only add to the problem because one can overthink and the next thing you know you are decided from ten restaurants compared
Common project planning tools such as risk analysis can be used to reduce the destructive consequences of change, because they give insights and predictions to identify possible conflicts (Mallak et al. 1997). Every part of the related activity should be rearranged as well. The impact is said to be large and decision must be carefully made for further action. Evaluation is included in the summary report for a change and project team manager will then recommend to board of director of company or sponsor to have approval or rejection in case the change is serious.
The clients should figure out themselves on how to face the situation. An effective counsellor listen more than talks, and what they do say gives the client a sense of being heard and understood. The client need to find solution on their own as they might face the similar difficult situation again in future. Lastly, a balance of emotion should be met. The client might needed the stressful situation to express their feelings on it.
4.2.1. Risk Management Planning After the risks are identified and prioritized project manager know which risk to manage. To manage the risks the project manager plans the actions after identifying the risks to mitigate them, different phases of risk mitigating are used by the project manager to eliminate the risks in information system projects. Different phases of risk reduction is used for different risk categories. For example if there is shortage of skilled staff the project manager will carry out the sessions of training.
I have to look outside the box, see things from another perspective or experience otherwise, then effectively doing and promoting these things in others is necessary for good practice. Personal lives are changing, as well as people get older, as well as jobs, careers and organizations. However, human beings have a tendency to resist change and to defend them strongly. The whole process can be very worrying and distressing for service users and even carers; and negative emotions or reactions could stem out of it. It is therefore always appropriate to recognize the different stages of change and anticipate their impact in order to take preventive measures, e.g.
Taking responsible risks that may cost you discomfort in any situation. Before taking risks one must have a plan beforehand. It is necessary to identify the important things and risk things that can be regained, or less important. It is okay to fail at taking risks once it is taken as a learning process. Being flexible is the last habit for success.
5. The first one would be giving serious attention in assessing and articulate our own values. Knowing what is your own stand and principles are the points which Gioia wish to bring out in the context. People should consciously decide what is his own values and if his doesn’t then it is inevitable that people would be likely to decide for them and influence him to accept the culture. The second would be recognizing his own cognitive structure and confront their own values as this would be vital in getting the core or even the key information.
Approaches to decision making A fundamental distinction has to be made regarding the approaches to decision making. Normative theories involve the so-called decision-science, the development of formal models about how people should think and take decisions. Such theories are strongly based on the concepts of “rational” people, perfect information and optimisation, and are therefore highly formalised. Descriptive theories study and suggest models about how people in real context really think and take decisions, therefore addressing the main critics to the first kind of theories. Finally, the integrative approach blends insight from both theories, striving to develop formal models and principles, but taking into consideration the complexity of
If we can manage and control the pressures we face, we will be able to develop it. If we cannot control, emphasized it would be a big problem for us. Pressure will cause a person unable to perform daily activities, and this reduces their productivity. Therefore, the potential and positive thinking is the best way to reduce the level of stress in life. Information on effective stress management should be given particular attention by individuals as well as to practice the recommendation that more rationality, and maturity in dealing with all the problems of life.
The first step of decision making is you need to know how to identify opportunities and diagnose problems. Problems and opportunities will easily occur as people always having differences between needs and wants. Thus, managers need to have tight grasp of correct information on certain situation by monitoring the performances of certain projects and works. The second step is you need to identify objectives. Objectives, according to Oxford’s Advanced Learner Dictionary, can be defined as something that you are trying to achieve.