Students should have a good understanding of the assessment marking criteria. The design of these marking criteria involves the discussion of learning outcomes. The implementation of self-assessment involves a lot of effort, reflection and planning on behalf of the tutor. Students should be made to perceive self-assessment as a natural process in their learning. They should be actively involved in its implementation and its importance in lifelong learning.
Introduction Enhancing learning for students involves more than just being able to apply general learning and teaching principles or guidelines. In Educational Studies 1: Classroom Learning and Student Development, we have been learned about how students learn. Most importantly, it involves inquiry-based activities which familiarize us with the roles of teachers in promoting learning and catering for student diversity and individual differences. Throughout the past lessons, one of the most influential, inspiring theories is the theories of motivation to understand and improve educational processes, which means helping our students see the true value of what they are doing and giving them reasonable expectation of success in achieving it.
In addition, the role of a teacher is to reach the heart and mind of the children, expand their intellect and knowledge. Build a holistic individual who can face the unknown future ahead of them. Assessment is something we can't ignore. As mentioned above using effective teaching method we can assess students. In other words, formative assessment is used to assess students learning.
Firstly, Assessment For Learning to determine next steps and are designed for diagnostic purposes. Secondly, Assessment as learning provides opportunities to students for self evaluation and reflection on their learning. It also enables students to evaluate themselves and become self regulated learners. Assessment as learning keeps students motivated as they start thinking assessments as a tool for measuring progress toward their goals instead of focusing scores so they stay motivated till success. Thirdly, assessment of learning certifies student’s proficiency in relation to curriculum learning outcomes designed to provide evidence of
Other theories which underpins authentic assessment is Experiential Learning Theory by David Kolb and Situated Learning Theory which was theorized by Lave and Wenger. Experiential learning occurs by making sense of direct everyday experiences. Concrete experiences provide the information that serves as a basis for reflection. On the other hand, Situated Learning Theory is learning in the same contexts in which concepts and theories are applied. Research has shown that real-life applied activities and problem-solving activities establish a contextual setting for many lessons, providing motivation and encouraging curiosity.
USE QUESTIONING AND FEEDBACK TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS UNIT 2, 6.4 LITERATURE REVIEW Harlen explains that there are two main reasons for assessing students: to help their learning and to report on what they have learned. He argues that researchers typically discuss these reasons as different purposes for assessment and “mistakenly as different kinds of assessments that are somehow opposed to one another” (Harlen, 2007b). How can they achieve the aim? When learners know and understand these principles, the quality of learning will improve. Sharing this information with my learners will promote ownership of the learning aims and a sense of shared responsibility between me the teacher and learner to achieve those aims.
This kind of learning promotes independence within the learner and helps in developing creativity. Therefore, I make sure that I revisit topics to enhance my learner’s knowledge. As Bruner [Ref.2] rightly said that learners use prior experience to fit new information into pre-existing models. Motivation is a very important factor in learning. Learners need to understand the reasons or areas where they can use knowledge and then only they can get themselves involved in thinking.
The principles of cooperative and collaborative learning are to set learners to work together in small groups to perform tasks, with specific inputs leading to a learning situation and having a common learning goal. This quite often helps learners to launch in special discussions which help them broaden their knowledge in learning and motivate them to hear their own voices when developing their own views about various topics. Another area of learning which has become a buzz word is critical thinking, which is a collection of mental activities that include the ability to intuit, clarify, and judge. Actually critical thinking has become significant in academics due to being significant in learning. Good teachers put in practice critical thinking at every stage of the learning process of application.
S (1997), PBL is also one of the innovations and other new approaches to help overcome from the usage of traditional curriculum in most institutions of higher education. According to him via PBL, some learning objective can be realized such as being able to provide the knowledge that is easier to maintain in the students’ minds and relevant knowledge that can be used in future field of work. In addition, through the PBL also can provide an opportunity for students to broaden their knowledge and become more creative. They will also always be aware of any changes in the current situation in the job market. PBL also has the potential to improve problem solving skills among students in any specific situation.
Furthermore, make sure that students ' self-belief is enhanced and they must believe that they are able to learn and deal with failures in order to develop their confidence towards learning. Allowing students to enjoy learning by working with others will enhance their sense of competence because cooperation between the students among themselves is a basic aspect of the Reconstructivism philosophy. The most important thing that I must pay attention to is my relationship with the students because when students feel comfortable toward the teacher, they can be engaged easily in the