This brings up the questions; “What constitutes evil or the punishment of sin?” In addition to, “What is evil exactly?”. Evil is a phenomenon experienced as a result of society’s teachings; what behavior is okay or, in a religious sense, approved by God; people experience evil when they fail to meet the conventional definition of evil. People look for justification as to why evil exists in the world and often struggle to comprehend why innocent people suffer. People desire things to be explainable and the ability to see cause and effect.
In Kurt Vonnegut 's Cat 's Cradle, Vonnegut creates his own religion to satirize all other religions. His imaginary religion, Bokononism, is based on foma, also known as harmless untruths, or lies. Those that believe in Bokononism think that successful societies can only be created by having a clear and even balance between good and evil. They also do not believe that there is such a thing as complete evil. The religion costs the people who believe in it not only their sanity, but their lives.
It’s full of “shadows of God”. We have to stay against these shadows because they can contradict our understanding of nature. Nietzsche believes that each person is to find their own religious report through years of study, instead of just accepting whatever they’re being told without thinking or searching about it. Also find symbols that can hugely challenge enough to change people’s religious understanding of God and gender, instead of using God’s language to manipulate people’s minds and control
It is a human desire to, when overwhelmed by the complexity of the world, to worship something. “Science emancipates us from that desire”, Dawkins
The quote above concerning the evil of faith is taken from an article written by Richard Dawkins and published by the American Humanist Association; it is titled Is Science a Religion?. Of course, Dawkins’ answer is no. He argues that because science is based on ‘reason’, ‘observation’ and ‘verifiable evidence’ it different from religion, which is based on faith. According to Dawkins, ‘faith is one of the world’s greatest evils’ because it is ‘belief that isn’t based on evidence’ and to Dawkins this is juvenile and reprehensible. Before continuing, there are several key terms that require clarification.
“It’s the view that the only kind of ‘obligation’ there could possibly be is the kind that is disciplined by promise of reward or threat of punishment,” Antony claims. She believes that a Christians’ motivation comes from fear of punishment. Unfortunately, She dismisses the fact that motivation to do good out of fear of judgment may have value. For example, history teaches us that individuals who committed heinous crimes (Hitler, Stalin, Mao Zedong) have rejected the idea that their actions may produce judgment. Furthermore, besides fear of punishment, Christians have a higher motivation.
Like most, he questions how humans came into existence, and how the world will end, but rather than using a religious approach, he uses a scientific approach in which his answers are explained by science. His message is that religion has created boundaries for humans to not be able to be themselves. He continues to express that religion acts as a prison for many and as a way to gain power over the few,also to keep us from reaching our potential. He speaks of the deconstruction of religion because it makes people’s need to believe in something for an emotional increase. However, religion isn’t the development of why human beings don 't consolidate with a vital outlook on life.
Dante’s Inferno focuses on spirituality and sin, whereas in Susan E. Blow’s article, Dante’s “Inferno”, the author ignores Christianity. Christians bear the burden of making conscious decisions and to ignore wrong thoughts or evil things. Dante believes that Christians must avoid evil doings or experience the wrath of God. Blow states that through sin a person learns wisdom. When discussing the “Inferno”, Blow notes that “view that sin ultimately rests is, that man can only learn what he is, by finding out what he is not, and that the violation of his ideal nature reveals him to himself”(123).
The problem of evil can be stated with just one question: if God is omnibenevolent, why does evil exist? Aquinas tried to explain this by saying that because God is all good, he allows evil in the world to produce something good out of it. This explanation is confusing and raises more questions than it answers. If God is omnibenevolent, why did he let the evils of the Holocaust to occur? What good was produced from the genocide of millions of
One of his main ideas, the Oedipus complex, is in the male’s case based on repressed hatred for the father, and a desire to usurp the father. The Oedipus complex provides a fairly straightforward framework for understanding atheism. The desires to usurp the father translate into a desire for the non-existence of God and the replacement of God with the self. One example of this is Voltaire, who was a deist who believed in a depersonalized, unknown God.