The Visual and the Written in Persepolis An autobiography usually has a purpose as to why it was written, either to try and fight or change something, like in Fredrick Douglass ' Narrative of an American Slave, to tell a life story, or show historical and political history through the personal life story and experiences. One way of telling that personal story is through a visual autobiography, not the conventional way, but, in my opinion a much more powerful and engaging way of telling one 's life story. It gives the reader a chance to engage in the personal life story and really sympathize and understand it. In the following paper I will discuss the visual autobiography of Marjane Satrapi- Persepolis. I will show how presenting the life story in a visual manner contributes to a dipper understanding of what the autobiographer tries to convey, and how it helps to empathize with the autobiographer.
African American autobiography is motivated by a revisionist attitude toward exploring the issues involving the black people in America and the autobiographer himself. The genre of autobiography is often utilised as a tool to demolish the myths of black inferiority, and to break the chains which have held the African American in bondage to the white man over the generations. Thus, often in its final rendering, African American autobiography is a quest for freedom while opposing and repudiating oppression and discrimination based on colour. Therefore, a study of African American autobiography proves its uniqueness while it continues to adhere to the autobiographical canon. Attempting a general yet comprehensive definition of autobiography, James Olney writes that it is: a recollective/narrative act in which the writer, from a certain point in his life – the present - , looks back over the events of that life and recounts them in such a way as to show how that past history has led to this present state of being.
Carter Godwin Woodson remains a legendary figure among black scholars, especially in the field of Afro-American history. He initiated the annual celebration of the Negro history, which marked a stride in an attempt to eliminate racial based discrimination. Woodson’s commitment to scholarly work was formidable. For instance, he pioneered research work on Negro migration, history of nonprofessional’s, the mind of the Negro, and Negro’s orations. His numerous work shed light on the extent of economic exploitation, cultural isolation, and segregation that dominated the society.
This paper reviews John Howard Griffin’s Black like me, the paper provides a summary of the book, a critique that assesses the strengths and weakness of the book and a discussion of at least three incidents found personally interesting and an identification of what they illuminated concerning the way prejudice and discrimination were both overt and covert during the Jim Crow era. The theme of Black like me draws significantly from autobiographical memoirs of the real experiences of the author. This forms the strength of the book and helps in portraying a realistic approach to the question of identity as it is influenced by racial orientations (Griffins, 1961). The quest of the author to pioneer for social justice resulted to a transformation of his race from white to black. This step was because the
Since the beginning of American history, African Americans have had to deal with outright mistreatment and inferiority within society. During slavery, African Americans were completely stripped of their basic civil rights and liberties; they were not considered to be human. During the Civil Rights Movement, although African Americans had gained their freedom nearly a century ago, they still were not treated with dignity and respect, forced to advocate for the rights given to them as citizens of the United States. Because of the racism African Americans experienced, leaders such as David Walker and Martin Luther King organized efforts to help African Americans gain more respect and inclusion in American society. Both leaders had significant influence during the time in which they lived, directly addressing the oppressors and their actions against African Americans.
DuBois. Both helped to establish their own ideals concerning the matter of integration. Each of their writings influence society still today as people struggle with the issues of minority in America. The analysis of Booker T. Washington’s Up From Slavery and W.E.B. DuBois’ “The Souls of Black Folk” can help reader to better understand society’s views towards the acceptance of African Americans, their right to a fair education, and the right to vote.
This allows for the novel to expand upon and revise the basic themes and motifs of previous traditions and to further examine the issues that lie within the mulatto’s designated space. Throughout The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man there are four main ideas that the overall story can be condensed down to: namelessness, the importance of outwards appearance, movement or the lack thereof, and attitude toward family and acceptance. The stereotype of the tragic mulatto stemmed from authors attempting to win the sympathy of readers by creating characters who were physically like them (Brown, 8). By approaching these four main ideas with the lens of the tragic mulatto and slave narrative troupe, the text approaches a single conclusion in that the Ex-Colored Man can not achieve a satisfying sense of self-identification with either of his two sides and ultimately fails to truly belong to
From that reason he writes this book to provide knowledge and understanding to the common people about culture and imperialism and how it was done in history. This book is split into four chapters: Overlapping Territories Intertwined Histories,Consolidated Vision, Resistance and Opposition, and Freedom from Domination in the Future. The first chapter provides an explanation of imperialism and culture while using historical stats about empires and colonies as supporting evidence. The author starts the essay with the poet T.S. Eliot’s statement that a historical sense makes people writers.
Orality is the communication rather a verbal expression that is primarily used by communities unfamiliar with the prevailing modern literate culture. The study of orality goes hand in hand with the oral customs, traditions and norms. It has wider connotations affecting every part of the society, whether it be economics, politics, human behaviour, development and evolution. The culture of oral expressions covers a vast list of proverbs, riddles, tales, nursery rhymes, legends, myths, songs and chants. These everyday trite expressions help to perpetuate old societies, they play a vital role in preserving cultural norms and traditions.
An autobiography is a self-written (or conjointly written with the help of a collaborator) account of the life and times of an individual and it usually follows a chronological order. Every autobiographical work tends to be a cry for the expression of identity and every autobiographical study yearns to understand the evolution of the individual. A few sociologists and psychologists have noted that autobiography offers the author a chance to reimagine history. This raises the ethical question of autobiography as a form of witnessing or testimony, an autobiography is only as good as a memory and though discrepancies are unavoidable (and difficult to refute) while considering the personal aspect, authors more or less tend to make use of accurate historical, political, economic, social and the cultural norms prevailing in their times. Writing an autobiography also tends to be highly cathartic for the author, it gives the author a chance to redefine the ‘self’ critically and arrive at a place of acceptance.