Oscar Wilde was a contemporary critic and a playwright. Further, he was a popular literary figure in late Victorian England. He lectured as a poet, art critic and a leading proponent of the principles of aestheticism. Thus, Wilde established himself as a leading proponent of the aesthetic movement, the theory of art and literature that emphasized the pursuit of beauty for its own sake, rather than to promote any political or social viewpoint. In his critical treatise essay "The Critic as Artist," he adopted and developed Pater 's ideas on aestheticism.
Wilde was a budding author in his own lifetime, during Victorian era which early period was usually associated with 'prudishness ' and 'repression ' (Adams 3). Wilde was claimed to be a follower of the Aesthetic Movement which begs the question, what was he trying to imply in creating his novel? Wilde was not the leader of the Aesthetic movement but rather “a spokesman for the late 19th-century Aesthetic movement in England, which advocated art for art’s sake” (Luebering 133). Dorian’s story shows how aesthetic beliefs can ruin the life if to pursue them blindly. In this way, Oscar Wilde not only demonstrates the Aesthetic movement in all its glory but also tells about its poisonous effect to moral that can occur.
Oscar Wilde in The Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray introduces the reader to the idea of l’art pour l’art, however, the very picture of Dorian Gray is a reflection of Dorian’s sins; due to this and the ever-present idea of aestheticism in the novel, Dorian himself may be the art for the sake of art. Vanity Fair is introduced to the reader as a puppet play, a form of theatre art, and in this case, a critique of the aristocratic world. As in Wilde’s novel, we can say one of the central characters of Vanity Fair, Becky Sharp is an art piece, a daughter of a singer and a painter, eloquent, beautiful and venomous – she is the perfect reflection of schemes and ill morality that ‘vanity fair’ is.
His poetry was used to portray his feelings toward the Age of Reason and revolt against it. William Wordsworth’s poems The Tables Turned and London, 1802 both stick to the Romanticist idea of going against the industrial period but through different means such as approach and similar means such as diction and themes. Wordsworth uses similar means in his poem to share his message. The diction ,word choice, used in London, 1802 and The Tables Turned poem correlate by the strength of the words used and literary devices used to describe specific aspects of society. In London, 1802 Wordsworth uses many similes to compare his lost friend Milton to other things.
James’s Death Comes to Pemberley. Pastiche is a literary text that imitates the style or character of the work of one or other artists, celebrating it. Sherlock Homes has become as pastiche to many stories. Parody is just opposite of pastiche mocking its characters. the novel Shameela by Henry Fielding (1742), which was a parody of the gloomy epistolary novel Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) by Samuel Richardson.
Browning “get[s] into the souls of his characters and show us how they felt what they felt, and why they did what they did” (Smith 10). Browning succeeds to revive the Italian Renaissance artist evaluating their lives in terms of success and failure. Artists are the voice of society, expressing their thoughts in their works besides their soul. He turns to his knowledge of early Italian painting to illustrate the problems in reconciling the two opposing forces in art – the flesh and the spirit. 2.1.1 Fra Lippo Lippi realism or idealism in art / the flesh or the soul Poetry as an art form could manage subjects as religious dignity and idealized passion based on murder, hatred and madness and love.
One of the figures who build this new type of drama is George Bernard Shaw. He wrote frankly and satirically on political and social topics such as class, war, feminism, and the Salvation Army, in plays such as Arms and the Man (1894), Major Barbara (1905), and, most famously, Pygmalion (1913) George Bernard Shaw takes the title for this play from the opening life of Virgil 's epic poem the "Aeneid," written in 19 B.C., which begins with "Of arms and the man I sing." Virgil glorified war and the heroic feats of Aeneas on the battlefield. However, Shaw 's purpose in this play is to attack the romantic notion of war by presenting a more realistic depiction of war, devoid of the idea that such a death and destruction speaks to nobility. Still, "Arms and the Man" is not an anti-war drama, but rather a satirical assault on those who would glorify the horrors of war.
Howells ' Realism in the Confrontation Between Isabel March and Poverty in A Hazard of New Fortunes: Isabel March as an Example of Incorrect Realist Observation and Immorality. William Dean Hills in considered to be one of the most important figures of American realism in the nineteenth and twentieth century; he was the writer of a collection of essays about realism called Criticism and Fiction where he worked out his theory of the novel. These essays are relevant to this topic because this paper will deal with Howells ' notion of realism. A Hazard of New Fortunes is a realistic novel written by the American novelist and literary critic William Dean Howells and was published in 1890. In the novel, Basil March and his family move to New
The first characterized central Italian maniera painting, the second the Venetians, especially the late works of Titian and Tintoretto, as Bell points out. It was not Raphael’s limitation that his art did not extensively include the tricky artifice of chiaroscuro. There must have been conscious deliberation on his part, for as Vasari explained that colour affects meaning, not just on the level of colour symbolism, but also on the level of colour practice. The drama behind the soft manner of painting St. Francis in the “Foligno Madonna” (fig. 7) is a visual metaphor for the soft melting of affection that Francis experiences on viewing the Madonna and Child; in a more literal
Late Victorian drama was essentially didactic. Hedrick Ibsen, a Norwegian playwright, considerably influenced the attitude of the English dramatists with his realistic plays and naturalism. Thus, romantic ideals and melodramatic elements were replaced with the realism and naturalistic techniques of the contemporary playwrights. Drama, during the period, became a social document focusing particularly on the conditions of the lives of the middle-class and the proletarians of the English society. The popular playwrights such as George Bernard Shaw and John Galsworthy made use of their plays to put forth the burning and unsettled problems of the society with reformist zeal.