Throughout the past 11 months Maribel did not have an exacerbation of current medical conditions. No hospitalization, ER visit or serious acute illnesses/injuries. Client’s major concern continues being her behavioral episodes that included disruption (yelling, crying, cursing), self-injury (biting self, picking scabs, head banging), and aggression (hitting, slapping, scratching, biting peers or staff). Psychiatric symptoms are currently treated with medication and Positive Behavioral Support Plan; psychotropic medication adjustments during the year were made as per patient’s response and psychiatrist discretion (refer to medication review).
The building of the bridge is under the management of Bradfield. 3 other men are also heavily involved in the design and construction of this bridge, Laurence Ennis (engineer and man-on-site supervisor), Edward Judge (chief technical engineer of Dorman Long) and Sir Ralph Freeman (designed the accepted model of the bridge in further detail).
Self- management is comprised of 4 applications: Living more efficient daily lives, breaking bad habits and gaining good ones, the accomplishment of difficult tasks, and achieving goals (Cooper, Heron, and Heward, 2007). Self-management is the personal application of a plan and the implementation of a contingency as part of a behavior change program. These techniques are used to regulate one’s own behavior and are instrumental for creating a healthy, successful life. This is the behavior
A depressed elderly female patient was admitted to the Senior Care Unit of Memorial to treat her diagnoses. Using Dialectical Behavior Therapy the client was able to learn that she was afraid to express her needs to her family due to fear of disappointing them. Using the Generalized Contentment Scale consist of ten items the tool was able to measure the effect DBT had on the patient’s depression. The small sample size small proportion frequency did not note any significant changes between the phases (p=0.11). However the D-Index noted a 4% increase in the desired direction. The assessment (IDV), intervention (x1 & x2), resulting goal (DV), and continues measurement gave me my perspective of my DBT practice effectiveness.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a form of therapy that seeks to improve particular behaviors such as communication, social skills, and adaptive learning skills such as domestic capabilities and fine motor dexterity. ABA is effective in adults and children because it improves skills and behaviors. It follows a research approach to the treatment that is centered on the proven models and theories of behavior and learning. Therapists using this approach comprehend how human behaviors are adopted and changed over time (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). The case study provided details an account of a 14-year-old girl, Sara with severe developmental days exhibiting self-injuries behavior working with a behavior analyst, Martin. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to evaluate behavior change in the patient after the implementation of an intervention program comprising of differential reinforcement of other (DRO) desired behavior.
Since the 1980s researchers have discussed the effectiveness of positive behaviour intervention model for students and schools (Sugai and Simonsen). Journal articles and other literature discussing Positive Behaviour Intervention Support Model (PBIS) began to emerge from a framework devised by Sugai and Horner. The University of Oregon began publishing results about the effectiveness of school-wide behavioural management and implementation of this approach using the PBIS model commenced in United States schools in the late 1990s. Numerous models to support behaviour change, including PBIS, corresponded with newly introduced policies in the United States relating to the educational and behavioural outcomes for all students, including Individuals
I came across with my behavioral change assignment after I remembered my experience of my GYN appointment. I decided to do it, because I learned a lesson that day. I will explain which behavior I would like to change and the reason why I want to change my behavior. I was schedule for my annual examination with a new doctor GYN. It was raining that day, and besides that I arrived on time for my appointment. When I arrived, there were only two patients ahead of me. The receptionist requested my new medical insurance, and I was ready in five minutes. Since, I have not known the new doctor, I did not notice that the woman who was next to the receptionist was my new GYN. But after the time passed, I noticed that she was the doctor, because she was given to the patients the prescriptions in the front desk, she talking loud, and I could hear everything that she was telling to the patients. It was a new facility that is why I did not know how was the new workflow of the clinic.
There are many ways we can come about in behavior. An American psychologist, B.F. Skinner, introduced the theory of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is known as associative learning and a learning process. The theory is made up of two factors in which behavior is modified through either reinforcement and or punishment. In this case, reinforcement is referring to having an increase in behavior and regarding to punishment its defined to decrease a behavior. The reinforcement and punishment can consist of being positive and or negative. In operant conditioning, the most effective method to utilize is positive reinforcement, which is beneficial for the change of one’s behavior.
Overall, the first major issue at Engstrom is motivation. The productivity as well as the quality of the products has deteriorated over the years along with the company’s revenue, causing the employees to lose their incentive to work because nothing is motivating them. Additionally, one of the causes leading to the decline of motivation is the lack of positive reinforcements. A positive reinforcement is when an individual is rewarded for a desirable behavior, which in turn will encourage the repetition of that behavior. For example, when you praise a staff member for doing an excellent job, there is a good chance he or she will repeat that same behavior. Positive reinforcement not only shapes behavior, but also enhances the individual’s self-image
A behavior intervention plan (BIP) is a plan that’s designed to teach reward positive behaviors. This can help prevent for stop problem behaviors in school. The BIP is based on the results of the FBA. The BIP describes the problem behavior, the reason the behavior occurs and the intervention strategies that will address the problem behavior. A BIP can help a child to learn problem solving skills and find better ways to respond in a situation.
Identify a possible reaction an individual might exhibit from a reinforcing perspective. Support your reasoning. Each individual react differently from reinforcement depending on the approaches management used. There are four approaches to reinforcement theory; they are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, and negative punishment. Reinforcement “increases the frequency of desired behavior while Punishment “decreases the frequency of undesirable behavior.” An individual when reinforced might exhibit a feeling of pleasure and can be longer or brief, may be avoiding or may escape removing unpleasant feeling, may face their fear when reinforcement is encountered, or maybe a positive. Reinforcement may be positive