Another theory of stress which is quite similar and related to the GAS theory is fight- or - flight response by Walter Cannon, one of the early pioneers in stress research. Cannon’s theory of response was documented based on the research about animal releasing hormones when subjected to shock or experienced threat (Taylor, 1999). Same like animals, human also has this response when facing stress. A person can either flee or remain to fight when facing danger or stressful situation. Thus, fight- or - flight response is more to the basic survival
Cortisol, the primary stress hormone is produced when a person is under stress. In short term such as when being chased by a wild animal, the stress response helps humans beings in survival. But if the cortisol remains in the bloodstream for a long duration of time, it begins to impair the immune system, hence being the cause of many infections and health problems. (Bickerstaff, 2010) Physical impairment by stress can also be explained by Hans Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome model as discussed in
The average person deals with exceeded amounts of stress, with the fast-moving pace of the modern world. Singh also states that technology, school, jobs, parental demands, and even internal emotions can cause stress. Stress can have major effects: chronic effects, academics go down, suicide rates go up, along with drug usage raises. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), a website that helps to advance psychology to benefit society and improve people 's lives, different types of stress can have contrasting effects, and these may affect the musculoskeletal system, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, the nervous system and the endocrine. The APA also claims that when stress exceeds the boundaries, the hypothalamus signals the autonomic nervous and the pituitary gland helping the process to start.
Panic attacks are caused by too much anxiety and fears. Certain sudden news like the death of a friend or relative, loss of a job or even divorce are also some of the most common reported cases that triggered panic attacks. The physical signs and symptoms that we experience are the results of our bodies trying to prepare themselves to face any impending danger or situation. Excess adrenaline released causes the racing of the heart, and as the body tries to take in more oxygen, you are forced to breathe fast. Some cases of panic attacks, however, are due to medical disorders.
Stress can affect people of all ages, genders and circumstances and can lead to both physical and psychological health issues. Stress is any uncomfortable emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical effects, physiological effects, cognitive effects, and behavioural effects that might influence health (Baum 1990; Steptoe and Ayers, 2005; Taylor, 2006). These predictable effects on the body depend on how an individual appraise an event, thus, the way an individual perceive an event contribute significantly towards the determination of whether an event is stressful or not and also a determinant of the level of susceptibility to stress-related diseases (Lupien et al., 2009; McEwen, 2009). Generally, events appraised as stressful include; salient events, event overload, ambiguous event and uncontrollable events (Foreshaw, 2006; Steptoe and Ayers, 2005). Stressful events are termed as stressors: a stressor is any real or perceived physical, social, or psychological event or stimulus that causes our bodies to react or respond (Glanz & Schwartz, 2008).
1.0 Introduction There has been increased awareness of stress in recent times, and how the general public trying to cope with this problem. There are two factors we can look at stress, namely external and internal factors. Stress is our reaction to any kind of internal or external demand. It's can be either good or bad, which is eustress or distress. During the stress situation, our body releases chemicals into the bloodstream.
It is not just a passing blue mood, or the normal pain and sadness that follows loss of a loved one, or the "downside" in life 's ordinary ups and downs. The feelings of emptiness, helplessness, worthlessness, hopelessness and despair are intense, unrelenting and pervasive to such an extent that these affects your the day-to-day life, affecting your ability to work, study, eat, and sleep. Common signs and symptoms of depression can include: Diminished or loss of interest in almost all daily activities. Friends, hobbies, sports social activities and sex don 't interest you like they used to. You have become numb to pleasure, joy and
Stress hacks: Beat the Monday Blues (A Feature Article) Did you know that you have more control over stress than you might think? Remembering that stress is a natural response on the negativities that occur in our life, we're the ones who have the choice if these would affect ourselves because it also depends on our state of mind. Hence, it clearly shows that we can control the stress in our life. Despite having the huge pile of works needed to be done, the demanding responsibility as a student, son/daughter, or sibling, there's something you can do about stress that could make you feel better. Everyone of us has various ways to respond with stress, thus there's no one size that fits all the solutions on how to cope up with it.
It is characterised by physiological changes that occur in response to novel or threatening stimuli. These changes comprise a cascade of neuroendocrine events mediated by stress systems such as the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA) (Gregus et al, 2005). It can have a major
It is characterised by physiological changes that occur in response to novel or threatening stimuli. These changes comprise a cascade of neuroendocrine events mediated by stress systems such as the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA) (Gregus et al, 2005). It can have a major influence on the individual as it influences the mood, the sense of well-being, behavior and health. Stress is known to affect the cardiovascular system, nervous system, endocrine and reproductive system. Studies have shown that children and adolescents are more prone to be affected by stress (Schneiderman, 2005).