Instead of accusing all of the innocent people of witchcraft, Proctor simply gives the explanation that the girls are lying to save their lives. After this, Proctor goes to court to testify his beliefs. In court, Proctor continues to argue with Hale and provides evidence that Abigail is guilty. “Is the accuser always holy now?… This warrant’s vengeance!”
He openly says that they are killing innocent people, especially when Rebecca Nurse, Mrs. Corey, and Elizabeth are convicted. he tries to convince Reverend hale to stop the trials. He says to Hale: “And why not if they must hang for denyin' it? There are them that will swear to anything before they'll hang; have you never thought of that?” (Miller, 65).
Abigail and a group of girls went to court and blame 200 people. Abigail went to court, and told them that Elizabeth Proctor was practicing witchcraft, and got her arrested. When John Proctor went to court, the girls pretended that he was the devil. Giles tries to explain to the court how Abigail is pure evil, and trying to get revenge: “Aye, how she is solemn and goes to hang people!” (3.1.875).
Those in charge of the proceedings discussed in Escaping Salem preferred relying on physical evidence in order to make their decision, such as markings from the devil (96). Although there were a plethora of accusations and suspicions, the court tended to ignore these, refusing to “send a suspect to the gallows based on circumstantial evidence” (118). This massive restraint
During a session in court, John openly admits to giving Abigail Williams a motive to cause The Witch Trials. Proctor states, “I have known her, sir. I have known her… A man may think God sleeps, but God sees everything, I know it now, I beg you, sir, I beg you—see her [Abigail] what she is” (Miller, 110). The judge is astonished by the information at hand and demands Elizabeth to confirm the claim.
At the same time he is doing his duty of making her confess. Nevertheless, Reverend Hale knows that John and Elizabeth are innocent, and that Abigail Williams and the girls are guilty of witchcraft.” You are goodwife Proctor”(2. 266-267). He could have done something more than just trying to convince Judge Danforth that they are innocent.
The accused cannot be sent to the gallows without their crime being proven with sufficient and concrete evidence. The court rejects the petition that says Elizabeth Proctor is of good character, signed by the people attesting to it. It was instead viewed as an attack against the court. There are also multiple instances where the court relies upon the girls ' visions and prosecuted people because of it. The court has absolutely no right to decide a man 's fate upon falsified claims without a logical and sensible way of examining the allegations.
The novel displays many decisions made by the people, in which, they are aware that one must be with the court or they are against it. Members of the community know they cannot sneak by interrogations without fully believing in the court or else they will be hanged for witchcraft. Putnam states, "there is a murdering witch among us, bound to keep herself in the dark" (Miller 16), but perhaps the real murderers are right in front of the people the whole time, calling themselves a
In his book, “A Modest Inquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft (1702),” clergyman John Hale comes forth to confront the recent events going on at the time. Initially, Hale alludes to the questionable actions and activities of the townspeople being accused of witchcrafts, and being imprisoned as punishment. In addition, he discloses how everyone suspicious will be accused, not even young children are safe from the hands of this fate. Hale’s purpose of publishing this book was to describe the incident of the Witch Trials, and to reveal his experience of the trials, since his own wife was accused. By employing a didactic tone, Hale relays the actions of the past that targeted the Puritans and those wrongly accused of witchcrafts, so this occurrence
John is honest about the affair with Abigail even though it ruins his reputation he tells the truth because it is what is right and it could save a lot of people from death. “John: How do you call heaven? Whore Whore….. On the last night of my joy, some eight months past. She used to serve me in my house, Sir.”
With accusations of witchery and his guilt of lechery, Mr. Proctor feels he has a duty to save his name for his children. He can 't stand the idea of his family suffering for the mistakes he has made now and in the past. John 's initial reaction to his wife being accused based off the lust Abigail has, he says, "My wife will never die for me! I will bring your guts into your mouth but that goodness will not die for me!" (Miller 80) John knows he 's done wrong and will do anything to save Elizabeth 's reputation.
This quote reveals, Elizabeth’s genuine understanding and faithfulness in her husband. She believes that John carries the burden of his own guilt, which is a lucid indication that he has a sense of morality. John feels this guilt, as he recognizes and takes responsibility for the sin he commits, against his wife. Additionally, due to John’s guilty conscience, he also realizes the value and tenderness that his wife brings him. He accepts his misdoings, and never utters a blame against his wife, for his actions.
There is a certain polarity that comes with the territory in witchcraft. In most witch trials, there was a sense of “he said, she said”, one side claiming one thing and the other disagreeing. This seemed to flow into the realm of historical thought on the matter. There is a dividing line of external and internal interpretations on the subject of the witch trials, especially including the trials in Salem. However, I argue that the line between the external and internal interpretations of the witch trials is blurred, the sides often bleeding into each
Abigail then tells John Proctor (a man she had been having an affair with in the past) that the ill girls had nothing to with witchcraft. Elizabeth tells John to tell Reverend Hale what she had said, but he claimed that they would not believe him. The girls then started blaming innocent people of witchcraft from all ages claiming they saw the devil with them. There were many people who were hung pleading that they had nothing to do with witchcraft. John Proctor then grew tired of the accusations the girls so wrongfully laid upon innocent people.