The first of these categories relates to the goals of self-directed learning. Merriam (page 107) lists three goals but of concern to the HRD is the goal that seeks to foster the adult to be self-directed in their own learning. This suggests that adult learners are at different levels of self-directedness and that some may require support. Such support can come in many forms such as ‘helping learners do needs assessments, locating learning resources, choosing instructional methods, and evaluating strategies’ Merriam p107.
The concept of metacognition has proven its role in the educational settings yet its term maintain abstractly presented as of what do metacognition really mean (Livingstone, 2003). Flavell (1995) then use metacognition as “ the knowledge and the cognition about cognitive phenomenon, one’s knowledge about his own thinking processes and this knowledge being used to control the cognitive process. Metacognition on the other hand, a term coined by Gassner in 2009, metacognition is simply the knowledge of individuals of the acquired knowledge and in relation to Flavell’s (1995) idea it’s just simply “thinking about thinking”. Most researchers then illustrates that metacognition is part of our daily living task, everything that we do is associated
The general principles in this theory are; people learn by observing other people’s behavior, learning is an internal behavior which may or may not lead to a behavior, during the learning process, people need to be motivated as well for an action to happen, people set goals for themselves depending on what they have observed from others and lastly, people are able to control their actions depending on the consequences that they have observed from others (Bandura, 1986). Stone (2000:4) in his book states that the core at Banduras cognitive theory is modeling that teaches new behaviors both negative and positive implying that ‘people are products and producers of their environment’
People are constantly observing behavior and forming theories about your competence, character, and commitment, which are rapidly disseminated throughout the workplace. It is only wise to add my voice in outlining others ' theories about who I am and what I can accomplish. I have used impression management to enhance my own professional image the accuracy of my self-awareness could drive successful decision-making when it comes to my personal and professional life. By becoming more self-aware and maintaining a level of self-awareness, even when everything around us is changing.
This assignment will critically discuss the role of a mentor when assessing student accurately. Supporting, assessing, teaching, accountability and the barriers which hinder the accurate assessment will be discussed. A mentor is someone who can assess, teach, support and facilitate the learning needs of a student in a clinical placement (NMC 2008). There are so many roles of a mentor assessing, adviser, role model, problem solver, teacher, support, organiser and planner. Mentors have the responsibility of assessing students accurately by establishing effective working relationships, facilitating learning environment, accountable and assessment (NMC 2008).
There are a variety of means on how to test different learning styles. They can range from personality traits test to learning style inventories. Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory and Hermann’s Brain Dominance Instrument are just two of the many tests available. “The importance of evaluating students’ learning styles and developing instructional methods that teach to specific learning styles has gained considerable support in the field of education, with many organizations and companies offering professional development courses for teachers and educators focused on the topic of learning styles” (Rogowsky et. al., 2015, p. 13).
In order to determine if HR practitioners can benefit from cognitive theories of learning, it is important to identify whether these theories are suitable for organizations today. Social cognitive theory (SCT) is highly relevant to classroom or formal learning, in which facilitators serve as role-models by presenting the behavior to be learned along with the way to accomplish it, discussing its effectiveness, practising the behavior with the learners and providing corrective feedback (Gibson, 2004). This can help learners develop the necessary mental patterns of suitable behavior. For example, Target stores have successfully utilized behavior modeling techniques in their customer service training programs (Milkovich & Boudreau, 1997). The
The way in which professionals communicate continues to change and adapt to new trends and technologies. Being an effective communicator is a key element of being a successful professional. English 332 is a course designed to help develop professional qualities, specifically writing and communication skills, for current students. It is important for the Professional Writing Committee to keep up with current trends in the workplace and consistently obtain information regarding the ways in which professionals communicate. This report is meant to supply the Professional Writing Committee with relevant information regarding communication in the workplace now, so that the course can provide students with the tools and skills that they need in order to succeed once they enter the professional world.
Any change in their behaviour was recorded at the opening of the lesson, during the starter activity and then throughout the lesson in relation to classroom and behaviour management. According to Kawulich (2005) observation allows for the investigation of the people under study in their natural setting to be observed. Writing a diary allows for critical reflection, to make sense of the incident and draw conclusions from an educational setting (Tang, 2000). Gibbs model provided a framework to critically engage with the enquiry, making a connection between observations, experiences and emotions.
Lessons are designed according to students learning difficulties. Students’ prior knowledge is assessed through the pre-tests and interviews as assessment tools to inform the content of the lessons. According to Hodge (2010), the key component of an effective lesson is when the teacher understands and knows about the topic. As Variation Theory using learning study is collaborative in its nature, teachers gain more knowledge on the topic as they discuss and meet to share their past experiences about teaching the topic before proceeding to the
The cognitive theory focuses on how people learn from the processing of information. It discusses the concept such as memory, problem-solving as well as decision-making. Like behaviourists, they observed actions empirically to make interpretations about the internal mental progression (Yilmaz, 2011). According to Kuljis & Lui (2005) and Taylor et al. (2000), focus on arguments on how student learn large volumes of meaningful information by exposing them to a verbal teaching method.
As many of you have noticed, our employee morale has decreased significantly. We have also seen an increase in turnover rates wand low productivity levels from all our new hires. Recently I scheduled meetings and focus groups to get to the root of the rising issues our company is facing. Our employees feel that we do not provide sufficient training to help them do their jobs. They are relying heavily on their co-workers to aid them through their work-day.