In fiction, the narrator controls how the audience connects to and perceives the various characters in a story. A good author can manipulate the narration to connect the audience to certain characters and deepen the reader’s understanding of their conflicts. In “Previous Condition” and “Sonny’s Blues,” James Baldwin illustrates themes of loneliness and isolation in the pursuit of finding a space that feels like home. Although this theme is clear in both stories, Baldwin is able to portray it very differently in each story through the relationship he allows the reader to the characters struggling with these feelings. While “Previous Condition” provides a more intimate relationship to the narrator, “Sonny’s Blues” is able to deliver an additional level of understanding by telling the story through Sonny’s brother, therefore disconnecting the reader in a way that forces him or her to share the characters’ feelings of isolation and confusion.
The fictional world is full of chaos, as people tend to prefer unstable theories to countless philosophies. Specifically, there is a literary shift from linearity and order to randomness and fragmentation. Consequently, Postmodernist writers understand that their works are subject to interpretation; however, they believe that the flexibility of understanding in texts is the basis for the development of innovative ideas in society. Moreover, Kurt Dinan writes in a nonlinear, flexible fashion by writing with a component of Mystery. Subsequently, the reader can make different predictions on what will occur throughout Don’t Get Caught, and the ability to predict and analyze uniquely is one of the principal ideals of Postmodernist literature.
Paul is a kind-hearted 19-year-old soldier, but his time in the war forces him to disconnect from his feelings as acknowledging them would release too much pain. Like Ged, Paul coped with Kemmerich’s death, along with the death of anyone who was important to him, by accepting it and moving on. When Paul is telling Kemmerich’s mother about her son’s death, he thinks, “Why doesn’t she stop worrying? Kemmerich will stay dead whether she knows about it or not.” (Remarque, 181)
The narrator shows no empathy for Robert’s devastating loss; instead he chooses to focus on physical factors of Robert’s marriage to Buelah. He is too preoccupied with the idea that she was perfectly content with Robert never seeing her physical appearance as well as with the fact that she was a woman of color. Robert’s metaphorical blindness is shown here through his inability to empathize with Robert on his life, marriage, and loss. Instead all he could do was pity his life and accept the fact that it “was beyond [his] understanding”
Imagine a world, a society, where personal beliefs and interests mean nothing. A society where the self is worth nothing, but “we,” the people, means all. That world is Anthem, by Ayn Rand. In that world of Anthem is Equality, a young man who eventually breaks the bonds placed on him of collectivism. Anthem is defined as a dystopian work of literature seeing as the conflicts Rand uses such as man vs. society, man vs. technology and man vs. self.
Ralph Ellison conveys this message in many forms in the novel. It is possible that the eyes of the narrator did not see the world for what it truly is, but his credibility for telling the story only ties into the metaphor for blindness. This prompts a final thought; can an individual truly understand the struggle of another? Can our identity bar us from opening our eyes to the struggles that may be around
It is generally a struggle to fit in, to be accepted. It is common to find one hiding behind who others think is correct, as opposed to whom one really is. (TAG) In the short story, “Battle Royal” by Ralph Ellison, (thesis) the concept of racism and its effects on self-identity and self-acceptance is shown throughout the story with the use of structure. By having the views of others forced upon one, it ultimately becomes one’s own beliefs and perception.
Stoker, the author of “The Judge’s House,” and O. Henry, the author of “A Retrieved Reformation,” construct the setting in their respective short stories in ways that affect character development and plot. Both authors use an edifice as the setting for crucial character development. The opening setting shows one protagonist in a place he actively chooses to be while the other protagonist is unwillingly confined to a penitentiary. Valentine later intends to isolate himself but is drawn into relationships; Malcolmson continues to isolate himself in spite of warnings.
Asimov not only uses circumstances and dialogue to propel his readers toward an understanding of the “point” of his novel, he also uses carefully chosen style and diction to underscore his sociological points. For example, Asimov uses the verb “leer” (Asimov 50) to describe the look on a man’s face while he is talking about Noÿs- clearly suggesting lecherous motives. Shortly after, Harlan, while suggesting to Finge that Noÿs be removed from eternity says, “As to her incompetence and unsuitability, Computer, I cannot say” (Asimov 54). The decision to use a negative prefix in this line, rather than leaving it at “competence” and “suitability”, indicates again that Asimov is intentionally using language with negative connotations to depict the typical attitude toward women in Eternity. Pages later, Asimov paints Harlan as a love-sick boy by characterizing the tone of his dialogue with Noÿs as a “desperate whisper” (Asimov 58) while he is merely trying to move by her in a hallway.
Protagonists within literature were once the rebels; however, in modern narrative, heroes are more like strangers—the individual who is alienated and disaffected—an outsider. In Lois Simmie’s novel, The Secret Lives of Sgt. John Wilson, the story centers this new type of hero: the stranger. As a stranger, the title character John Wilson, engages the reader in a different way. For the reader, it means going beyond just seeing the qualities of a stranger to the more challenging task of understanding him
My own context also influences the ideas in the novel. I am from a small town in WA so I can relate to some situations in the novel to do with the rumours and how some people can be named the “bad guy” in town. I also can relate to Charlie and Jeffrey’s friendship because I have a similar one.
Moreover, the evidence that he had in hand was incomplete, leaving him stuck in times. Yet, he managed to turn it into a novel based on history by drawing hypothesis from the incomplete evidence. He significantly drew hypothesis from two distinct sources, one from common senses and one from references. When he provided a piece of history that limited his path to continue his novel, he started to question the evidence and answered the question himself from his own common sense. For instance, Demos brought up a question “ Had John exploited his position (as host) to lord it over the visitors?”