The teacher and the learner have distinct responsibilities in the classroom that adds to the desired success of the teaching and learning process. This will be proven by analysing the Brain-based Learning Theory supported by Jensen, The Social Learning Theory introduced by Vygotsky, Scaffolding introduced by Bruner and parts of the Theory of Second Language Acquisition proposed by Krashen. The concurrence between the principles of constructivism and the CAPS and constructivism linking with the lesson wheel will also be discussed. The Brain-based Learning Theory is based on the fact that the brain is “designed to learn in a natural accordance” (2008:4) and that the search for meaning is instinctive for the brain. Brain-based learning is about
Teachers are expected to reflect on and continue to improve their own professional practice. On our teaching practice, we are provided with opportunities to engage in professional development. We are provided the opportunities to receive formative assessment on our teaching practice from our university tutors. Based on the feedback given, we analysed and critically reflected both perspectives and develop our learning to improve our professional practice. The artefact displayed the area for improvement.
In a constructivist classroom the teacher is perceived as one of the learners who is more experienced and acts like a ‘guide’ to enable the students to explore some new fields of knowledge. According to Brooks and Brooks (2012) the teacher tries to understand the way learners’ brains work, and she or he leads them to construct and combine the newly-gained knowledge with what students already know from the previous experience. Experiential learning, made by American theorist David Kolb is learning through reflection on doing and which is often contrasted with rote or didactic learning. It is related to, but not synonymous with, experiential education, action learning, adventure learning, free choice learning, cooperative learning, and service learning. While there are relationships and connections among all these theories of education, importantly they are also separate terms with separate meanings (Nsamenang & Tchombe 2011) Thus, one makes discoveries and experiments with knowledge firsthand as a result of assessment, instead of hearing or reading about others' experiences.
Teaching remains a complex process, involving entwining knowledge of instructional skills and content, providing evidence learning has occurred. The evaluation of a students’ performance provides the educator with knowledge of learners’ skills and attributes in effectively completing coursework of an academic program. The higher educational institutes primary goal remains teaching, and the necessity to measure teaching effectiveness exist crucial. The evaluation of an educators’ performance provides the faculty and administration with knowledge of educators’ effectiveness, applications, and consistency as evidence of teaching performance and student learning. Literature Review According to Delandshere (2002), and assessment of a learner, completed
(Ritualo, 2000). This work would serve educators, particularly in assessing students, Supervisors and Curriculum Planners to find understanding the outcome of assessment (traditional and authentic) on science appreciative and learning conclusions of scholars. Classroom assessment practices are based on teacher beliefs, training, knowledge and skills in educational assessment. Understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices remains pivotal for informed educational decisions that can be made about students’ learning outcomes. The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world.
Mastery experiences are essential in developing and supporting self-efficacy. Teachers can be given an opportunity to gain mastery experiences through interactive and engaging activities such as workshops, clinical simulated teaching exercises as well as programmes that support and develop skills of new and indifferent teachers (Bandura, 1997, p. 39). Mastery experiences are needed in areas such as expository teaching, motivation and group dynamics as well in the difficult area of teaching for transfer of
Based on the assumptions of socio-constructivist theories of learning, educators attempted to re-conceptualize teaching as a profession (Murray, 1996), which might be facilitated via reflective teaching learning practices. According to these theories, teaching has to start in student teachers’ reflective learning practices at the teacher education (Ostorga, 2006). Learning at the teacher education, moreover, is promoted when teacher candidates are provided with multiple learning opportunities to apply what they have learnt in meaningful contexts (Edward et al, 2002; Merrill, 2002) through the applications and integrations of classroom knowledge with actual teaching practices. This has to be initiated and accomplished through exercising reflective
The article which I reviewed for my research gave me some ideas and made realize on how I could venture further looking into the teacher’s perception rather than focusing on the external factors which is not related. With further readings and findings it allowed me to widen my scope of research to measure professional support for teachers which could have been taken into consideration. Based on the different literature reviewed, I felt there were various professional support offered to standardized the teaches teaching strategies and by having a look at the support it made think as to whether
In the studies, to elicit teachers’ beliefs and cognition, metaphor analysis was exploited (Tobin, 1990; Thornbury, 1991; Akbari, 2013). Lakoff and Johnson (1980) suggest that using personal metaphors is a way of self-understanding which “is the continual development of new life stories for yourself” (p.233). In teaching contexts, metaphors are considered as a means for teachers to verbalize their profession as a teacher (Pajak, 1986). The investigation of metaphors was also considered as a valuable tool to be used in understanding classroom processes (Marshall, 1990) and in training programs (Thornbury, 1991; Tobin, 1990). Tobin (1990) searched practising and prospective teachers in a project based on a constructivist approach to reveal the change process in conceptualizing teachers’ beliefs and roles through metaphors and the finding were used to implement teacher change.