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SBM is the decentralization of the authority from the central government to the school level (Caldwell, 2005). In the words of Malen et al (1990), “School-based management can be viewed conceptually as a formal alternation of governance structures, as a form of decentralization that identifies the individual school as the primary unit of improvement and relies on the redistribution of decision-making authority as the primary means through which improvement might be stimulated and sustained.” (http://www.wlss.edu.bt/?page_id=315) This study anchored to the decentralization of decision making authority to school heads. This study focuses on the attainment of desirable learning outcome for the students, providing satisfying conditions for the teachers and engaging stakeholders in shared decision
The recommendations of this commission formed the basis for the National Policy on Education announced in 1968. From time to time, the national government formulates the National Policy on Education which includes broad guidelines regarding content and process of education at different stages. These guidelines are further elaborated by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). Using as its foundation the NPEs of 1968 and 1986, NCERT launched two curriculum initiatives: (1) The Curriculum for the Ten-Year School—a framework (1975); and (2) The National Curriculum for Elementary and Secondary Education—a framework (1988). In 2000, NCERT brought out a National Curriculum Framework for School Education.