Obesity In Australia

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Obesity: Regular exercise can help reduce body fat as well as protect against chronic diseases associated with obesity. The goal of treatment for obesity is weight loss. Exercise is an essential part of any weight-loss program and should become a permanent part of your lifestyle. Australians are recommended to get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, preferably all, days of the week. Examples of moderate intensity physical activity include: • Fast walking • Jogging • Swimming • Tennis Physical activity increases people’s total energy expenditure, which can help them stay in energy balance or even lose weight, as long as they don’t eat more to compensate for the extra calories they burn. Physical activity decreases…show more content…
Heart disease: Studies indicate that pairing a healthy diet with regular exercise is the best way not only to prevent heart disease, but to reverse some risk factors. The heart needs exercise just like any other muscle. Muscles that are utilized regularly become stronger and healthier, whereas muscles that aren't used weaken and atrophy. When it's exercised, the heart can pump more blood through the body and continue working at optimal efficiency with little strain. This will likely help it to stay healthy longer. Regular exercise also helps to keep arteries and other blood vessels flexible, ensuring good blood flow and normal blood pressure. Researchers found that heart attack patients who participated in a formal exercise program experienced a reduced death rate of 20 to 25 percent. Some studies showed an even higher rate of reduction. Several large reviews of past research also conclude that those patients who engage in exercise-based rehabilitation after a heart attack are more likely to live longer. ③. Type 2 diabetes: When you have type 2 diabetes, physical activity is an important component of your treatment plan. It’s also important to have a healthy meal plan and maintain your blood glucose level through medications or insulin, if…show more content…
In Australia, around half of all women and one third of men over 60 years of age have osteoporosis. Women are more likely to have osteoporosis because the hormonal changes of menopause make bone loss worse. A nutritious diet including calcium-rich foods and regular exercise throughout a person’s life will reduce the risk of osteoporosis in later years. People with existing osteoporosis can also benefit from exercise. This is because a sedentary lifestyle encourages the loss of bone mass. Exercising regularly can reduce the rate of bone loss. Most bone fractures occur because of a fall. You can reduce your chances of falling by exercising to build your muscle strength and improve your balance. Exercise can also slow the rate of bone loss, which reduces the risk of fractures from osteoporosis. Exercise also brings other benefits to people who have osteoporosis or want to prevent osteoporosis. These include reduced need for some medications that can contribute to the risk of falls, and better management of other health

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