- The forth part is the risk monitoring to determine how effective the risk responses are. RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY - Risk assessment process -- Risk models define the factors such as threat, vulnerability, likelihood, impact, etc. to be assessed. Definitions of each factor needs to be defined before assessing to clearly define the risk. -- Assessment approach can be quantitative, qualitative, or semi-qualitative.
Similarly in examining the models of developed countries in table 1 (England, Australia and New Zealand) pillars like effectiveness, safety/risk management and staff education and development were jointly are exist in all three countries PHC governance models. This show the importance of these pillars in implementing PHC governance model in each country. In reviewing theoretical PHC governance models, we have brought each pillar components orderly with The Percent of repeating them in literatures. Staff Professional Development (62.2%), audit (53.8%) and clinical effectiveness (50%) are most important pillars that were listed in more than fifty Percent of the models. We can see that in the pillars of Staff Professional Development most repetition component related to- Education and training that were stated in 57.7% of theoretical models.
Tobacco use has been on a steady increase for while now, from smoking cigarettes, to chewing or spitting tobacco, to snuff, even to patches and chewing gum with nicotine. Just about all users are aware to some extent that tobacco is not safe and can lead to health problems such as cancer, and even death. In Article 1 “ Smokeless Tobacco Is Harmful” the office of the Surgeon general talks about the dangers of smokeless tobacco starting with the oral cancer risk. In the article under subheading “ The Dangers of Smokeless Tobacco “ they point out that the most notable health consequences with smokeless tobacco are halitosis or bad breath, discoloration of teeth and fillings, teeth abrasion, dental caries, gum recession, leukoplakia, nicotine dependence, and various forms of oral cancer. They bring up this to make sure that people know what they are at risk of every time they go
Something is Smoking The story of smoking in America starts in 1610: tobacco seeds were illegally brought to America from England and feverishly planted across the colonies wherever there was room, starting one of the biggest economical surges in early American history. However this little plant that once brought fortune to the early settlers now accounts for 440,000 deaths per year in the United States and four million deaths per year worldwide (Eds. Craighead, Nemeroff). As once thought as a recreational pastime, smoking is now recognized as a leading cause of death in America and around the world. Smoking can not only be extremely addictive, but can cause numerous health complications in adults such as cancer, cardiovascular problems,
• Smoking is one of the widespread factors that affect health badly and according to American lung association; smoking is first cause of preventable diseases and death worldwide (1). Facts about smoking: • Cigarette smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, 69 of which are known to cause cancer (2). • Smoking is directly responsible for approximately 90 percent of lung cancer deaths and approximately 80-90 percent of COPD (emphysema and chronic bronchitis) deaths (3). • Among adults who have ever smoked, 70% started smoking regularly at age 18 or younger, and 86% at age 21 or younger(4). • Among current smokers, chronic lung disease accounts for 73 percent of smoking-related conditions.
Although sugar is seen as the public’s number one enemy. Nancy Appleton a writer who wrote Suicide By Sugar, blames the government and certain food industries for creating advertisements promoting bad sugars. But also in charge of creating the child obesity epidemic in America, endangering young children’s health in the U.S. Since some foods have artificial sugars, sugar decreases the quality of life in the U.S. Stated by the Journal of the American Heart Association Internal Medicine, “People who consumed more than a quarter of their daily calories as sugar…twice as likely to die” (Health, Richards).
Influenza has killed billions of people and the vaccines help to decrease to only thousands. Influenza vaccines should be mandatory in this country because of many reasons. It should be permanent because it may impact the country social, economic and moral. Influenza is a disease that killed millions of people in the world, including one of the world's biggest country, USA. It can cause high fever, headache, vomit, muscle ache, and cause respiratory symptoms(a cough, sore throat) Even it seem not to be serious, it already killed millions of people.
Should smoking cigarettes be made illegal in Canada? Banning cigarettes, in many countries, has been a controversial topic. However, it is important to note that many Canadians believe that smoking should be made illegal in Canada. According to Health Canada, cigarette smoke kills over 37,000 Canadians each year, which is more than the number of all murders, alcohol-related deaths, car accidents and suicides. The inquiry has also shown that, in 2002, about 17% of deaths were due to smoking (20% in males and 12% in females).
• Describe the steps in the administrative process from the agency’s and the citizen’s perspective when a government agency proposes a rule or regulation. What would you recommend Roc do in response to the FDA's proposed rule? Before an agency can begin rulemaking proceedings, it must be given jurisdiction by congressional enactment in the form of a statute. In other words a proposed rule begins with a summary of the issues and it also states why the rule is necessary. Afterwards the agency has to determine the cost and benefit of the problems, issues, and solutions.
Ask anyone and they will say that we have done a lot of damage to the Earth, but what have we done to ourselves. Today’s society is full of overweight or obese people and it’s killing us at a fast pace. Someone is considered overweight if they have a BMI (Body Mass Index) between 25 and 29 and obese if there BMI is 30 or higher (World Health Organization, n.d.). That being said at least 2.8 million people die each year because they are overweight or obese (World Health Organization, n.d.). To change the world we need to combat obesity!