Raising the legal minimum driving age to 18 would help lower the number of accidents involving teens by cutting the amount of teenage drivers on the road in half. Obviously it would be objected by teens who want to drive as soon as they can, but in the long run it could save their lives. Teen drivers are by far the most dangerous on the road, and have the highest chance of getting into accidents. “The rate of crashes, fatal and nonfatal, per mile driven for 16-year-old drivers is almost 10 times the rate for drivers ages 30 to 59” (CBS/AP). This high accident rate is due largely because of the underdevelopment of the teenage brain.
PREVENTIVE THEORY Preventive philosophy of punishment is based on the preposition ‘not to avenge crime but to prevent crime’. It presupposes that need of punishment of crime arises simply out of social necessities. In punishing a criminal the community protects itself against anti- social act which endanger social order in general or person or property of its members. The real object of the penal law therefore, is to make the threat generally known rather than putting it occasionally into execution.
Recent studies concerning the death penalty reveal that “each execution carried out is correlated with approximately 74 fewer murders the following year,” (“Deter Crime”). Executing these criminals that are conducting capital crimes, would prevent them from being able to murder anyone again. In correlation to this, murders would decrease more and more each year the death penalty is active. Jeffrey Howard, a political philosophy lecturer, believes that “criminals should be punished so that they and others will be less likely to commit crime in the future.” Making sure that these murderers, twisted rapists, and others of the same category, know that committing severe crimes will have them put on death row might make them think twice before doing so.
Over the last 40 years, we have spent trillions of dollars on the failed and ineffective War on Drugs (Aclu). Drug use has not declined and drug markets are become more resilient to the mass incarceration of drug offenders. There is always another drug dealer standing by, ready to replace the one who has been sent to prison. Along with the War on Drugs, the changes in sentencing policies contributed to higher levels of incarceration at both the state and federal levels.
How the client reacts in front of counsellor and situation are indicator of problems in other relationships. Specific uses of counselling- Counselling can be used to relieve acute distress, late effects of trauma, including post-traumatic stress disorder, for relationship problems, risk management, bereavement, mild to moderate disorders, generalized anxiety, panic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, health related issues, Health
A very important aspect of the criminal justice system is to ensure there is a way to rehabilitate offenders, not only incarcerate them. Rehabilitation in the criminal justice system means that there is an attempt by the system to restore a criminal back to a productive and useful member of society free of the life of crime. By rehabilitating an offender, the system is trying to alter their behavior and attitude in a positive way and to make them once again, law abiding citizens (Seiter, 2014). Rehabilitation can come in many forms, such as drug treatment, education, mental health treatment, develop better decision making skills, therapeutic counseling and even job training. An offender does need to be punished for breaking the law, but they need to accept responsibility for their crimes and eventually change their
This sentence is to eliminate preventable death tolls nationwide. The theory of deterrence is that people who do wrong will fear punishment, causing them to act within the law. There are two different types of criminal deterrence, specific and general. Specific deterrence focuses on lessening the probability of having a repeat offender. The Three Strikes Law plays in accordance with this type of deterrence.
State the yes/pro position (need 10 and cite page number and explain what the argument is): 1) David Von Drehie: Around 1994 the population on death row had increased drastically nationwide, having more than 3,000 prisoners waiting to be executed (pg. 220). The process was taking longer than people thought it would take. People didn’t understand that even as prisoners they still had a right to appeal and have a fair trial. 2) David Von Drehie: A law professor named Anthony Amsterdam, argued that the death penalty was a cruel and unusual punishment and had allowed unequal protection under the law (pg. 221).
Property crime is about 1/3 out of all crimes that occur. Property crimes has include the follow crimes thefts, larceny, burglary, robbery,sort lifting, arson and vandalism. The statistic has shown that property crime have fell major about 32 percent in a ten year period. Property crime rate , “of 135 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2008 was lower than the rate of 147 per 1,000 households in 2007” and it was 248 attempted or completed property crimes per 1,000U.S. households during 1997. In 1997 the
If more and more countries get involved, then even more can be done for this awful atrocity. According to department statistics, Anaheim, CA police arrested and charged 38 perpetrators from August 2011 to October 2012 alone. (Irvine) In a place like Anaheim, where if you didn’t know, Disneyland and the Los Angeles Angels stadium is located, where trafficking could easily thrive, the police are cracking down on trafficking and perpetrators in the Anaheim area don’t have much room for trafficking anymore. According to the annual Trafficking in Persons Report, Thailand stated in 2015 that it had charged 72 people with human trafficking crimes and suspected another 32.
Communities of color were targeted for crimes and given larger prison sentences than their white counterparts. In the Rockefeller Drug Reform of 2009, the racial disparities significantly decreased in the early periods following the reform (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone, 2015). Black and Hispanic individuals, in 2008 were three-times more likely than whites to receive a prison sentence; by 2010, black and Hispanic individuals were only twice as likely to be charged than whites. Although this is still an issue that needs to be addressed, it is a significant accomplishment compared to previous years. There is still said to be harmful biases in the criminal justice system (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone,
When one thinks about the court systems and the way justice is served they see a system that is fair and just. A system that correctly provides punishment to the guilty party, and one that can discover the truth within the innocent party. On the surface level this appears to be true. Hundreds of thousands of people are incarcerated each year in the United States, which in reality provides a false sense of safety to citizens. While a large percentage of incarcerations are of guilty parties, according to a study in C. Ronald Huff’s book, Convicted But Innocent: Wrongful Conviction and Public Policy, approximately 100,000 innocent people are convicted every year.
Since the law is set in place for any person who receives a criteria fitting third strike, whether it is from a big or small crime, the person is sent away to prison for basically the rest of their life. Due to the growth of the amount of people being sent to prison as a result of this policy, it is continuing to be more and more expensive to keep them in prison. High crime rate in California was the tipping point for former president Clinton to pass the law. The prison located in California now holds roughly 135,000 inmates (Shipley 1). It has more than doubled mainly because of the policy.
The king hit law has had both positive and negative impacts on society. Some examples of the positive impact of the new legislation include the ability of the law to ensure that the punishment fits the crime, meaning that it reflects the standards of the community, and that it is only lenient when leniency is due. The legislation also assists in deterring would-be offenders thus decreasing the crime rate. According to New South Wales Attorney General Brad Hazzard: “In Sydney we’ve seen a massive reduction in violence and my view is sometimes the strict technical legal positions have to be modified by common sense that goes beyond legal technicalities.” This has an obvious positive impact on society, as less crime improves the attitudes and the quality of life of the members of the public.
In 2010, the U.S. Sentencing Commission reported that African Americans receive 10% longer sentences than whites through the federal system for the same crimes. In the 19th and early 20th century, that percentage was higher. Many people think that the US 's legal system truly provides justice for all people unlike back in the early 1900s, but the fact written above could be very easily compared to what racism was like in the 1930s. Although the United States’ legal system has improved some over the past 60 years through the Great Depression and many other hardships, this country’s legal system is still failing at providing justice for all people.