The two Spanish kings, Carlos IV and King Fernando, were forced by Napoleon Bonaparte to abdicate the throne and replaced by his brother, Joseph Bonaparte. This led to the imperial crisis as citizens were confused about which legitimate ruler and legal policies should they obey at that time. Another factor leading to Spanish American Revolution was actually similar to that of North American Revolution and French Revolution. The weak government raised taxes and tariffs for the citizens and traders. Mercantilism was the main reason for the increase of tariffs.
In 1798, President John Adams passed the Alien and Sedition Acts containing three parts: the Alien, Sedition, and Naturalization Acts. The Alien Act allowed the president to deport any immigrant that he found dangerous to the nation; the Sedition Act made it a crime to criticize the government; and the Naturalization Act lengthened the citizenship process. All of these acts were repealed by 1802 due to all of their negative impacts and influence on society. The Alien and Sedition Acts adversely impacted the nation through the deprivation of human rights, leading to protests. The acts took away the rights declared in the first amendment: freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
As described in the article, “Louis XIV, king of France,” of The Columbia Encyclopedia, Louis’s vast spending on his palace at Versailles, along with him participating in needless wars such as the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714), left France in a state of debt and “greatly weakened [France] militarily” (“Louis XIV, king of France” para. 5). Additionally, Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes which had protected the religious freedoms of French Protestants known as Huguenots, as he wished to transform his monarchy to
As relationships deteriorated larger commercial farms had pushed the smaller farmers into Rome which would increase the number of the poor class citizens and slavery also greatly increased. The increasing social tension caused class conflict way greater than the one in Greek society. Over time the Republic declined because of ambitious individuals battling for power. Even when the crisis of the Republic was noticed by the Tiberius Gracchus who would make an attempt to redistribute the land, he was assassinated by conservatives. Then his brother, Gaius tried to introduce land reforms and extend citizenship but the Senate ordered his
Additionally, the heightened privileges enjoyed by the aristocracy and the clergy drew popular resentment. The increased civil unrest culminated in the Legislative Assembly voting to abolish the monarchy in Revolutionary France. The current king, King Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette were imprisoned in 1792 and eventually sent to the guillotine after being
His extravagances, unsuccessful war campaigns and the amount of money spent on the Versailles caused the deficit of the country to extremely high. Despite this, his powerful and influential nature may have prevented a revolt by preventing powerful nobles from being influenced by the lower class to revolt against the king. Based on this information, it is shown that King Louis May have been an influential person and ruler, he did many things that damaged France’s economy and increased its
Power in The French Revolution The French Revolution of 1789 is a prime example of power play. The social structure of France, left over 27 million people living a grim life. They started to question why they were living so drastically different from the Nobles and the Clergy. The Revolution of France shows the strength of oppressed citizens banding together to overthrow incompetent leaders, using ideas and numbers. The idea to question those in power created a large scale political movement in France.
Napoleon was largely seen as a savior after he overthrew the Directory, ending the chaotic French Revolution. However, Napoleon only pretended to cater to the masses, and became dictatorial himself. His obsession with power and domination suggested the despotic tendencies of a villainous leader. Furthermore, Napoleon lost many significant battles during his reign. In the Battle of Trafalgar, he shamefully suffered defeat to French’s nemesis Britain, failing to bring glorious victory to France.
Though the Madrid revolt was ruthlessly stopped by the French, it had become a spark for rebellions all around Spain. As the French soon found out, the Spaniards had different fighting tactics, which was called guerrilla warfare. The French were kicked out from Valencia, and General Pierre Dupont, who had made his way into Andalusia was forced to retreat and finally surrender with his army at Bailén on July 23. Soon after, in August, the Spaniards advance on the capital and ejected Joseph Bonaparte from his state as monarch, and from Madrid. The French had planned a counter attack to reclaim Madrid in December of 1808, this attack forced the government to retreat to
Around the eighteenth France was an autocratic monarchy. The French monarchs had limitless power and referred to themselves as the "Representative of god". They would buy themselves unneeded clothes, jewelry, and more. They would also arrest any person with no reason at any time. A few examples that portray this monarchy and riches include Louis XIV famous remarks is "I am the state", Louis XV was when France became bankrupt because of luxury and wars, Louis
The Sons of Liberty club sprang up to oppose the tax, so they burned the stamps and drove out all the stamp collectors. The Boston Sons of Liberty, headed by Sam Adams, was one of the most uncontrollable patriots in the country. Townshend Acts: •Named after the Chancellor Charles Townshend became the birth of six new laws. The motivation for these acts was to use the money to pay the salaries of governors and judges so that they would stay loyal to Great Britain. Mainly so that the governors and judges would punish the province of New York for failing to obey the Quartering Act.
He collected taxes without the consent of the estates general in order establish many things, fund a series of wars, build a bigger and stronger military and to build his palace, the Palace of Versailles, when it was built he insisted that the nobles spend more time there (Doc 2). This eventually led the nobles into debt because they spent most of their time and money at the Palace of Versailles. The nobles being in debt meant that they lost status and power, which ultimately fed the basis for the French Revolution. Document 3 states; “The aftermath of the revocation was disastrous for France. Many of those who abjured [gave up] their Protestant religion repented of their weakness.”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred.