Related Literature: Review Of Traditional Masculinity?

1959 Words8 Pages
Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Traditional Masculinity While there have been a lot of studies about feminism, masculinity as a field of study is relatively new. It was only during 1995, when R.W. Connell published her influential book entitled Masculinities that a solid theory of masculinity was established. Connell contended that there was no single and universal masculinity, but instead there were different types of masculinities. Out of the four types of masculinities that Connell put forth, the most dominant and most culturally valued form of masculinity in a society is what we call hegemonic masculinity. These are the traditional aspects of masculinity such as heterosexuality, physical strength, and suppression of emotions, among others (Connell, 2005). While masculinity itself is a broad social construct that differs from one culture to another, there are four prevailing themes of traditional masculinity that this study focused on. The first theme is power, since it is the key signifier and definer of traditional masculinity. Power can be physical, where physique and physical strength are given much importance. Power can also be social, where wealth, influence, and profession are valued. (O’Shaughnessy and Stadler, 2002; Rohlinger, 2002; Connell, 2005). The second theme is the repression of emotions or feelings. Men are taught at a young age not to cry because it is considered feminine, instead they are taught that anger and aggression are more appropriate

More about Related Literature: Review Of Traditional Masculinity?

Open Document